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Yanow, H. HD1 Multimedia Project Ch. 8

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Hannah Yanow

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of Yanow, H. HD1 Multimedia Project Ch. 8

PEER RELATIONSHIPS Role of peer interactions in generating sex differences- social dosage effect (how much one is effected by their social interactions and the formation, therefore, of their gender identity/expectations) The Social Learning Theory Gender and Peer Relationships: Middle Childhood Through Early Adolescence Chapter 8
Presentation by Hannah Yanow As we grow up, many things are communicated to our subconscious, thus defining how we view individuals and what their gender means as to their daily lives, roles among their family, friends, and within the scope of their career opportunities/potential. This chapter encapsulates these concepts, walking us through the different gender identities and the behavior that accompanies it within ourselves and amongst our peer/social/familial relationships. So let's dive back in time to those developmental years that we may have seen as trivial- but they were truly our defining years! GENDER IDENTITY role of social processes on gender identity- we are told certain things about what our gender means about us: whether we will grow up to be big boys or girls.

-gender atypical children- ambiguous genitalia, parents choosing the sex, sometimes developing into the opposite than the chosen sex.

-congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH)- during prenatal and postnatal development, females are exposed to high levels of male hormone Gender and Behavior role of cognition- development and understanding of what it means to be a boy or a girl as we grow older

"wearing barrettes doesn't matter; being a boy means having a penis and testicles" (Broderick, 2010, p. 251). role of biology what is expected/demonstrated to us, stereotypes, and what it means for our behavior, personality, and who we are attracted to PINK
Hair length/style
Cosmetics Female Male Short skirt Gender specific activity/interest
example= cheerleading short hair masculine/dominant stance BLUE Pants Gender specific activity/interest
example = cars Awareness of our gender and the roles it encapsulates STABILITY: our gender remains the same throughout a lifetime i.e. girls develop into women, boys into men. CONSTANCY: that our gender remains the same despite change of appearance or behavior (ex: a girl wearing a tie) Understanding one's gender identity based on genitalia, however, some individuals feel "like a girl" if they have male genitalia. Being able to differentiate between masculine personality attributes vs. male genitalia. Same with women. What does it all mean? Different ways of communicating, and perceiving the world around us. This translates into social interactions such as: Rough-and-tumble play
(most common in boys) Collaborative or Affiliative Speech (most often among girls)- basically, being in-tune with what others have said and the importance of how they relate/react Power-assertive Speech (common with boys)- using a demanding voice and making commands. aka "bossy." Example: You are on MY team!!!" *points finger* Example: TOMBOYISM girls playing with boys and preferring stereotypically male activities The Role of Parents in Generating Sex Differences Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory:
- Oedipus Complex (son attached to mother, wants to kill father)
- Electra Complex (girl attracted to father, competitive with mother)
- Penis Envy- theory that women will inherently envy men because women are lacking a penis. Sex differences in behavior-
girls vs.boys and the differing roles from one gender to the other popular average neglected rejected controversial defined by large amount of friends and power over others in a social context. They are considered to be "cool" --Not necessarily in any specific group and stable socially-- --ignored population-- --OSTRACIZED POPULATION-- the kids that stand out. ex: goth/gay/minority populations Childhood is such a transitional time, and all of these aspects come into play: gender identity, biology, peer relationships, and parental influences. Yay, Ch. 8 Conclusion
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