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Architecture

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by

sarah taleon

on 17 September 2014

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Transcript of Architecture

1. Structure

2. Texture


3. Aspect
Architecture
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
a building that incorporated
utilitas, firmitas and venustas
according to a Roman architect - Vitruvius (1st century A.D.) and was translated from Latin to English in the 17th century by
Sir Henry Wotton
. This definition recognizes that architecture embraces functional, technological and aesthetic requirements because it must have
commoditie, firmness and delignite
.
Style: a mammoth rectangular plan of limestone with sloping pylons with gorge molding. It is a relief sculpture on walls and columns.
Architecture
Egyptian Architecture (3000 - 1000 B.C.)
Ziggurat - built at successive levels with one hump leading from one platform to the next
Mesopotamian Architecture
Based on: Greek Architecture with notable changes

Roman Architecture
Pyramid of Giza
Great pyramids of King Cheops
Pharaohs of Alexandria
Hanging gardens of Babylon
Greek Architecture (600-100 B.C.)
Influenced by: Dorian, Ionian and Aeolian tribesmen from the North

Parthenon Temple
Artemis Temple
Coliseum in Rome
Segovia Aqueduct
Pantheon, Rome
Early Christian Architecture (400-700 A.D.)
Churches
were built for public worship under Emperor Constantine I.

Roman
Basilica
Santo Spirito, France
Byzantine Architecture (200-1453 A.D.)
Used in: churches in Russia, for Mohammed Mosque and Jewish synagogues.

Taj Mahal of Agra
Borobodur Temple
Romanesque Architecture (1000 – 2000)
- Extension of the Early Christian Architecture.

The Palais Benedictine
Cathedral of Notre Dame
Gothic Architecture (1200 – 4000)
- developed from the Romanesque, the buildings became larger and taller because of the pointed arch.

Cathedral of Notre Dame
Magic Kingdom
Renaissance Architecture
(1400 – 1600)
Style: rectangular plane with combined post-and-lintel form and arch form
House of Louvre
St. Peter’s Cathedral
Baroque Architecture (1600 – 1750)

- characterized as a period of elaborate sculptural ornamentation. Its framework remained close to the Renaissance.
San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane
Grand Palace
Modern Architecture
3 Characteristics
1. Skeleton Construction
2. Cantilever Construction
3. Geodesic Domes
3 Basic materials for building
3 Main Qualities
- quality of design
- smoothness or
roughness of
materials
- consistency of design
5 Architectural Styles in the World

· Personal
· Regional
· National
· Civilizational
· Periodic
A presentation by:
Shena Mae Taleon
Ave Melvin Tividad

Principles of construction
2. Arch
3. Dome
Principles of construction
5. Cantilever
4. Truss
6. Skeleton construction
1. Post-and-Lintel
Philippine Architecture
Factors:

1. climate
2. availability of the
materials
Philippine Architecture
Full transcript