Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


French Expansion

No description

Daniel Christian

on 22 July 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of French Expansion

French Expansion
France in Africa
France controlled Algeria after defeating the Barbary Corsairs in the early 1800s.
France (like Britain) was also looking to increase it's territorial holdings, find a market for manufactured goods, find resources, and challenge British domination.
France had undergone a century of turmoil by the time of the Scramble and was eager to show off her nationalism and industrialisation
Since West Africa had seen the rise and fall of many kingdoms and empires there was a lot of rivalry.

Most of the Africans in the region refused to work with each other to resist the French.

Some even worked with the French in conquering their rivals.
Areas of Interest in Africa
France was most active in West and North Africa.
Between 1879 and 1881 France began an aggressive policy of colonisation in West Africa.
Why: West Africa had traditionally been a very wealthy area, with many empires and kingdoms.
French West Africa
The following colonies made up French West Africa:
French Sudan (Mali)
French Guinea
Cote d'Ivoire
Upper Volta (Burkino Faso)
Dahomey (Benin)

The capital was in Dakar, Senegal.
The French were good at creating treaties with local rulers

The chiefs thought that the treaties were longterm and binding.

The French saw the treaties as temporary.
North Africa
France extended control over the region by making Tunisia a protectorate in 1881.
French Explorers
Colonel Parfait-Louis Monteil travelled from Senegal to Lake Chad between 1890-1892
Signed treaties with rulers and proclaiming the region French or allied with France.

The Voulet-Chanoine Mission was sent out in 1898 to conquer the Chad Basin
Unify all French territory in West Africa.
The mission was heavily cirticised because of its ruthlessness.
Fashoda, 1898
France: colonising Africa from West-East.
Britain: colonising African from North-South.

This created problems:
The most famous one was the Fashoda Incident, in the Sudan.
France and Britain both wanted to control the area.
Almost fought a war over it.
Both sent troops in to try take over.

France backed down, and the long term effects led to the Entente Cordiale
At the Berlin Coference France used several treaties to establish claims to the territory north of the lower Congo.

By the 1890s France had established colonies in Gabon, Congo, and the Central African Republic
Central Africa
Full transcript