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Transcript of Post-Modernism
and Works Background Historical Background Political Background Social and Cultural Background Art New Forms of Expression Major Works and Contributors Changes in Expression Common Themes Themes from Modernism Contrasting Modernism Philosophy
Movement "What's true for you might not be true for me"
"There is no such thing as absolute truth"
something else must be false
Reinterpretation of what knowledge is and what counts as knowledge
flirts with ambiguity Rather than tell the story as if it were tragic and something to be mourned as a loss, post-modernism celebrates and plays with the fragmentation of the story
Unscientific, irrational thought process
Modernism is very analytical and scientific
Based on subjectivity
Works have multiple meanings, up for interpretation Rejects boundaries between high and low forms of art
Rejecting rigid genre distinctions
Society imprisons language/distrust of authority
Dethroned human values and rejected human values
Humans are not the "center of everything"
Nothing is the center, not even God Like modernism, postmodernism completely breaks away from traditionally structured narratives by...
fragmentation, paradox, and radical shifts
irony and parody
the blending of genres and high/low culture
shifting to an emphasis on pop culture
Radically new and popular themes included...
the predominance of capitalism
the dangerous advance of technology
metafiction and metahistory Television, film, and the computer aided in the delinearization of narratives during postmodernism. Vladimir Nabokov- Lolita (1955)
Jospeh Heller- Catch-22 (1961)
Anthony Burgress- The Clockwork Orange (1962)
Thomas Pynchon- The Crying of Lot 49 (1966)
Gravity's Rainbow (1973)
Kurt Vonnegut- Slaughterhouse-Five (1969)
Bret Easton Ellish- American Pyscho (1991)
Chuck Palahniuk- Fight Club (1996) Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Gehry, Andy Warhol It's hard to locate it temporally or historically, because it's not clear exactly when postmodernism begins
Post-Modernism emerged from Modernism
Modernism faded away right after the Second World War, so Post-Modernism is commonly said to begin from the mid-1940s
Some say that Post-Modernism first emerged in architecture and art during the 1960s and 1970s
Post-Modernism became an area of academic study from the mid-1980s. Postmodernists hold that the misguided pursuit of scientific and technological knowledge, dominance, and power led to the development of destructive weapons used in World War II
Some postmodernists say that science and technology are inherently destructive and oppressive
Used by evil people, especially during the 20th century, to destroy and oppress others
Postmodernists believe that many situations which are considered political in nature can not be adequately discussed in traditional realist and liberal approaches to political science By the 1960’s a whole generation of young people had began questioning the results of reason and science, with their cold technology, pollution, weapons of mass destruction and socially intrusive ‘control’
More and more people began seeking spirituality
The desire to be free from moral restraint led to experimentation with drugs.
Homosexuality and abortion were legalized
Sex, drugs and rock-n-roll became the icons of society.
Everyone did that which was right in his/her own eyes, rather than following a system or society.
Marked a slow separation of "older beliefs" from the modern society Bibliography http://www.cla.purdue.edu/english/theory/postmodernism/modules/introduction.html