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The Psychology of Sex
Transcript of The Psychology of Sex
Studies about sexual behavior
The "Nature" argument
You're gay? How'd that happen?
Physical vs. psychological problems in sex
In the US, about 19 million new infections are thought to occur each year
Almost half of new infections are among people 15-24 years old
Women are severely affected by STI's, and have more frequent and serious health problems than men
African-American women have especially high infection rates
Wrap it up, kiddies
What happens to my body when I do the dirty?
The Psychology of Sex
Stage 1: turn on
Stage 2: the dirty
Stage 3: orgasm
Stage 4: cuddles
It's possible to contract an STD/STI by vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Not all of them are spread the same way
Each STD causes different health problems
Symptoms and complications include, but are not limited to: cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, pregnancy problems, organ damage, and in more severe cases, death.
How did you get that?
A few things you should probably know
Quite a few STD/STI's have mild to no visible symptoms at all
When said symptoms do show, they're often mistaken for urinary tract or yeast infections
Basically, get tested regularly (or at least get tested) when some sort of symptom shows, just to be safe
No, but seriously.
• Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem during any phase of the sexual response cycle that prevents the individual or couple from experiencing satisfaction from the sexual activity
Sigmund Freud publishes his three papers on psychosexual development
The Kinsey Study - 1948
Alfred Kinsey publishes a study concerning the frequency of "not normal" or alternative sexual behavior
Believed that sexual orientation was not an either/or situation but rather was better represented by a spectrum going from 1-6 (1 being exclusively hetero, 6 exclusively homosexual)
Major problem was demographic group selected for interviewing
The Janus Report - 1993
Essentially the Kinsey study, but with a wider selection of participants
Surveyed 3000 people from all 48 mainland states, with ages ranging from 18 to 65
Major problem with this study is that not everyone means the same thing by the words "have/had sex", pertaining to the question "at what age did you first have sex?"
The Princeton University Study - 2011
The study into the physical, emotional, and biological aspects of sexual activity
- the basic drive to reproduce
- the creation of intense personal bonds and emotional genetics
- medical concerns about the psychological or even the physiological and sociological aspects of sexual behaviors
National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior (NSSHB) - 2013
The most expansive survey of sexual behavior in history
The most demographically diverse, taking into account all races, and ages up to 80
The primary focus of this study was to study to sexual behavior in order to slow and possibly stop the spread of STD's, particularly HIV/AIDs
So what is sexual dysfunction?
Physical sexual dysfunction
Many physical and/or medical conditions can cause problems with sexual function. For example:
Heart and vascular (blood vessel) disease
Chronic diseases such as kidney or liver failure, and
Alcoholism and drug abuse
It would also be worthwhile to note the side effects of certain medications, including some antidepressants drugs, can affect sexual desire and function
Psychological sexual dysfunction
Not nearly as much to say here...
These include, but are not limited to:
Work-related stress and anxiety
Concern about sexual performance
Marital or relationship problems
Feelings of guilt, and
Effects of a past sexual trauma
Even better, get tested just because! Better safe than sorry
Perhaps shower? Then repeat
Curiosity about sexual orientations can be traced back to 1897(Havelock Ellis)
1988 study with pregnant women who were severely stressed during second trimester found a higher chance of male children becoming homosexual
Model from 1988 describes the development of homosexuality in 4 stages:
Stage 1: Sensitization
Stage 2: Identity Confusion
Stage 3: Identity Assumption
Stage 4: Commitment
Controversial study in 1991 involving looking at the hypothalamus in homosexual and heterosexual men and women
Relationship between abnormal prenatal hormone levels and later behavior, personality characteristics, and sexual orientation
Some evidence indicates that homosexuality can be genetically passed down on the X chromosome
The "Nurture" Argument
More twin studies
Big influences on how children were raised:
Gender identity disorder
Boys raised as girls, and vice-versa
A few types of STD/STI's
Vaginitis, chlamydia, bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, syphilis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Genital herpes, human papilloma virus (HPV), hepatitis B, hepatitis C (HCV), HIV, AIDS
A few more....just for fun
Trichomoniasis (trich), chancroid, molluscum contagiosum, cytomegalovirus (CMV), intestinal parasites, pubic lice (crabs), scabies