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Unit 2 Parenting-Child Growth and Development

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Kelsey Lea

on 18 February 2016

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Transcript of Unit 2 Parenting-Child Growth and Development

Unit 2 Parenting-Child Growth and Development
2.1 Define Terms Related to Child Growth and Development
Bonding--forming strong emotional ties between individuals

Child Development--the study of how children grow and change physically

Classification--the process of mentally grouping objects or ideas into categories or groups based on some unique feature

Cooperative Play--activity in which children actually play with one another

4.2 List the Five Basic Types of
Development

Physical--increases in size and weight, along with the increasing ability to control and coordinate body movements, are examples of physical development

Intellectual--the ways children develop language, solve problems, and remember what they learn are examples of intellectual development

Emotional--learning to recognize feelings and express them appropriately is the process of emotional development

2.3 Match the Stages in the Individual Life Cycle with the Correct Age Ranges from Birth to Adolescence
Stages Ranges
2.4 Identify Ways Children Learn
Imitation
Repetition
Trial and error
Incidental

Each child has their own learning style or method of processing information!!!

2.5 Identify Ways Parents Can Promote Physical Development
Encourage Manual Dexterity--ability to manipulate objects with hands
Recognize they will have
growth spurts
Be sensitive when they
go through puberty

Directed Learning Experiences--learning experiences that are planned with a specific goal in mind

Environment--a person's surroundings and everything in them, including both human and non-human factors

Failure to Thrive--a condition in which the baby does not grow or develop properly

Imitation--learning that occurs by watching and copying the actions of others

Individual Life Cycle--a series of stages a person passes through during his or her lifetime; includes infant, toddler, preschool, school age, and adolescence
Large Motor Skills--the use and control of the large muscles of the back, legs, shoulders, and arms

Moral Behavior--to behave in ways that are acceptable to society and family

Object Permanence--the concept in which an infant learns that people or things exist even when they are gone from sight

Parallel Play--activity in which children play side by side without interacting

Puberty--the set of changes that give a child a physically mature body able to reproduce

Reversibility--capable of going backward or forward through a series of actions or changes
Role Model--a person that someone admires and wishes to pattern his or her behavior after

Separation Anxiety--a child's fear of being away from parents, family caregivers, or the normal environment

Seriation--the ability to arrange items in an increasing or decreasing order based on weight, volume, number, or size; grouping by a common property

Small Motor Skills--an ability that depends on the use and control of the finer muscles of the wrist, finger, and ankles

Stranger Anxiety--a baby's fear of unfamiliar people

Temper Tantrum--a sudden outburst of anger in which children may kick, scream, cry, or hold their breath
ACTIVITY--RUBRIC
Get with your group
Has to be half a page to a page in length
Use all the words that are given to you
Be CREATIVE!
Can be a poem, song, or story :]
Copy and paste them into Edmodo
Provide examples of how children grow and develop
BELL WORK
BELL WORK
How do you feel about parents putting their children in pageants?

Do you think pageants help children develop in a beneficial way? If so, what ways?


Social--learning to relate to other people is the process of social development


Moral--the process of learning to distinguish between right and wrong is moral development
What is development?
Development—process that includes growth as well as progress in skills and abilities
Development occurs in several areas:
Physical—body
Intellectual—brain
Emotional—emotions
Social—relating to others
Moral—right and wrong

.Activity.
You will be assigned a group

I will give you a topic to research

You can use Chrome books and Parenting books to do your research

Provide examples of how children develop in the area given to you in different stages--infant, toddler, school age, adolescence
2.6 Identify Ways Parents can Promote Intellectual Development
2.7 Identify Ways Parents can Promote Social Development
2.8 Identify Ways Parents can Promote Emotional Development
2.9 Identify Ways Parents can Promote Moral Development
2.10 Describe the Influence of Heredity and Environment on Child Development
Is sequential
Simple to complex
Head to foot
From center outward
Proceeds at an individual rate
Is interrelated
Is continual

Development....
Infant 0-1
Toddler 1-3
Preschool 3-5
School Age 5-12
Adolescence 12-18

Play is how children learn!
Play progresses through stages as children advance intellectually
It benefits children physically, emotionally, intellectually, socially, and morally

2.4.1 Describe the Role of Play in Learning
Repetitive--doing an activity over and over (learning cause and effect)—infants

Constructive--use materials to achieve a specific goal or purpose (blocks, puzzles)—18 mo.-3 yrs.

Symbolic--common objects become symbols (increases imagination)—3-5 yrs.

Game--formal games with rules (learning how to control emotions)—5 yrs. and up

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
Piaget’s Four Periods of Development
4th Period Groups
Group 1
Fashion
Johnny
Trisha
Makayla
Baylea
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Callie
Emily
Demitri
Autumn
Kyle
Emma
Nelly
Kenyatta
Karie
Morgan
Taylor
River
Brandon
Group 5
Lauren
Ashley
Kyla
Dominique
Salma
6th Period Groups
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Group 5
Deion
Stasha
Mia
Cheyenne K.
Sylvenia
Aneesia
Cheyenne B.
Sean
D
Alexis M.
Jacie
Abbi B.
Alicia
Moriah
Terrance
Kemeron
Maggie
Courtney
Chelsea
Taylor
Mattie
Katie
Danielle
Summer
Abi H.
Kaylan
Alexis T.
7th Period Groups
Group 1
Group 2
Group 3
Group 4
Marcus
Sara
Krista
Jaime
Teal
Denaej
Amy
Justin
Jada
Nakia
Kristen
Sylvester
Mishon
Veronica
Ashlee M.
Jordan
Starla
Ivy
Paige
Jenny
Kemetria
Ashley W.
Group 5
Kara
Valeria
Alli-Rae
Karla
Tiffany
Joseph
Different Positions
Reporter--present info and ideas
Manager--team leader-keep people on task
Resource Manager--in charge of collecting and putting away items
Illustrator--Draw pictures to represent what has been learned
Author--responsible for writing down thoughts and ideas
Bell Work
Come in and get with your group from yesterday to work on your post-it projects
LETS TAKE A SURVEY
What are the ages/stages of each person in the pictures shown below?
1. Assist in Physical Growth and Development
2. PROMOTE NUTRITION
Feed them nutrient dense food
Don’t force them to finish their plates
Avoid dangerous foods:
Small hard foods
Slippery foods

3. PROMOTE GOOD EATING HABITS
Gently introduce new foods!
Serve finger foods, room temp, and mildly flavored
Add lots of color and shapes
Practice what you preach!
Let them help prepare meals
4. PROMOTE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Model this for them!
Exercise is good for the body and brain
Exercising together builds family bonds
5. PROMOTE MOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Large and small motor skills
Hand-eye coordination—the ability to move the hands accurately in response to what the eye sees
Let them practice their new skills!

6. TEACH AND ENCOURAGE SELF-CARE ROUTINES
Dental care
Bathing
Toileting
Sphincter muscles=muscles in the bowel and bladder regions that regulate elimination
Watch for signs of readiness!
Bedwetting is a sign of enuresis—lack of urinary control

7. INSURE ADEQUATE SLEEP
8. CHOOSE SAFE CLOTHING
Get into a good routine
Deal with fears of the dark and nightmares

Consider safety, durability, comfort, and care
Flame resistant=treated with chemicals that will self-extinguish if they catch on fire

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Activity
Pick a stage

Write down three challenges that go with that stage (adolescence--peer pressure, etc...)

Draw a picture that goes with ONE of the challenges
ACTIVITY
Once you have taken your Learning Styles Quiz, fill in your sheet
Once done filling in your sheet, take the survey telling the top way you learn
www.surveymonkey.com/s/9FHXGP5
Bell Work
Guess how many different harmful chemicals are caused from burning cigarettes

How do you think smoking can effect a child’s physical development?

SURPRISE ACTIVITY!
Pack up your stuff and let's head to the old cafeteria!!!
BELL WORK
Get your sheet out from yesterday for the Multiple Intelligences

Get a chrome book and start working on your sheet if you didn't finish it


1. Bond with children
3. Teach conflict resolution
1. Encourage affection and empathy

2. Encourage independence

3. Encourage positive self-image

4. Help children identify and appropriately express emotions

5. Model appropriate behavior within the family unit
1. Discuss morals and values
2. Provide a positive home environment
1. Encourage exploration
2. Limit screen time
3. Provide positive interaction and communication
4. Read to and with children
5. Stimulate creativity and imagination
1. Explain Assimilation
Children form general concepts in their minds
Example: These are both red so they must be apples (referring to apples and tomatoes)
2. Explain Accommodation
Refining those categories and concepts. For example, learning the difference between a bird and a plane
3. List Piaget's Stages
1. Sensorimotor
2. Preoperational
3. Concrete Operational
4. Formal
Age Range
birth to 1/2 years
2-7 years
7-11 years
11-adulthood
Sensorimotor Stage
4. In this stage children learn about the world through their senses and body movements
5. Define Object Permanence
That objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight
Preoperational Stage
6. Basic mental operations start replacing sensorimotor activities as the primary way to learn
7. Children learn mostly by language and mental images
8. List some characteristics of children in the preoperational stage
Characteristics
They like make believe
They are egocentric
They have problems with reversibility
They use feelings to solve problems
Multiple classification--the ability to understand that an object may fit into more than one category
Seriation--the ability to order groups of things by size, weight, or any common property
Can't understand conservation
Children may not be aware of what is real and make believe
Concrete Operational Stage
9. They learn to solve more complex problems using basic knowledge
10. They cannot think in abstract ways
11. What skills are perfected in this stage?
Conservation
Reversibility
Formal Operations Stage
12. They can think through complex problems, find several solutions, and choose the most logical one
13. They can think in abstract ways
14. What do we learn from Piaget in general?
1. Children learn to master one skill before another
2. Children learn in their own ways
3. Children do not learn as adults do
BELL WORK
List 4 ways that you can promote intellectual development

Can use one side of the colored slip to do your bell work on--will be doing something on the other side later
Table Project
Which glass has more water? A or B?


Which row has more peppermints? A or B?
-Respond consistently to children's needs
-Reassure children when they are frightened
-Share children's excitement and joy
-Be active listeners, giving children periods of undivided attention
-Say "I love you" often--even after an argument
-Spend one-on-one time with children
1. Identify the problem
2. Suggest possible solutions
3. Evaluate each suggestion
4. Choose the best solution
5. Check to see if the solution worked
-Both kids want to swing on the swing
-What are some others?
Bell Work
On the colored paper, write a few sentences telling me how you deal with conflict
2. Provide opportunities for peer interaction
3. Set examples as a positive role model
4. Set rules
5. Use teachable moments
Values-Strongly held beliefs and ideas about what is important

They guide people's thoughts, behaviors, and actions

They give meaning to life and purpose

Universal values-trustworthiness, responsibility, fairness, respect, compassion and citizenship.
How to Help Children Develop Morally
Grab a colored piece of paper and a notes page
Bell Work
Sit down in your seats quietly and wait until I play the music

Write down what emotions you feel when listening to each of the songs

There will be four songs with the four numbers
Why are we all so different?
Two main reasons: Heredity and Environment

Heredity—biological process by which certain traits are transferred from parents to their children

Environment—all the conditions and circumstances affecting a person’s daily life
Family
Attitudes, beliefs and habits
Society & Culture
Economic conditions
Home atmosphere
Technology

Environmental Factors that Influence Development:
BELL WORK
Grab a study guide, a half sheet of notes page, and the checked sheet from what you did yesterday

Go over the study guide and come up with some questions to ask me

Pull out your notes page from earlier this week
Full transcript