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Industrial Revolution/Differences between the North and South
Transcript of Industrial Revolution/Differences between the North and South
Illegal for anyone with knowledge of machines to leave the country Samuel Slater:
knew how to build and manage a mill Dressed as a farm laborer
and traveled to the US Marked the birth of America's textile industry Nationalism Sectionalism NORTH SOUTH economy based on manufacturing Eli Whitney- interchangeable parts MASS PRODUCTION economy based on agriculture Eli Whitney-cotton gin BEFORE AFTER One slave One lb cotton/day One slave + cotton gin 50 lbs cotton/day Need more Slaves! society dependent on factories society dependent on plantaions wanted STRONG national government needed gov't to:
-build railroads and canals
-keep Bank of US
-keep high tariffs wanted weak national government opposed to gov't:
-building railroads and canals
-Bank of US
-keeping high tariffs Felt like they favored the interests of the NORTH, not the SOUTH How does all this affect politics? North wants Congress to support:
-Bank of US
-Building internal improvements Need seats in Congress # seats (votes)= POWER want to limit the expansion of slavery into new territory Want Congress to stay out of states business
STATES RIGHTS scared of Congress' power to limit slavery 4 million slaves in South= 2,400,000 counted toward population Slaves= more VOTES in Congress 11 FREE STATES 11 SLAVE STATES 1819: Missouri Applies for statehood as a
SLAVE state Panic of 1819 Bank of US foreclosed on farms because of unpaid mortgages caused deep resentment toward the bank in the South and West 1700s: inventors created machines that mechanized cloth making