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Industrial Revolution/Differences between the North and South

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Katelyn DeSeta

on 1 February 2011

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution/Differences between the North and South

Industrial Revolution Birth of modern industry and the social changes that accompanied it started in Great Britain's textile industry Before, cloth was made by hand using simple human powered machines. By the 1800s: textile companies built hundreds of mills to house the large machines Great Britian wanted to keep the economic advantage Illegal to export industrial machines

Illegal for anyone with knowledge of machines to leave the country Samuel Slater:
knew how to build and manage a mill Dressed as a farm laborer
and traveled to the US Marked the birth of America's textile industry Nationalism Sectionalism NORTH SOUTH economy based on manufacturing Eli Whitney- interchangeable parts MASS PRODUCTION economy based on agriculture Eli Whitney-cotton gin BEFORE AFTER One slave One lb cotton/day One slave + cotton gin 50 lbs cotton/day Need more Slaves! society dependent on factories society dependent on plantaions wanted STRONG national government needed gov't to:
-build railroads and canals
-keep Bank of US
-keep high tariffs wanted weak national government opposed to gov't:
-building railroads and canals
-Bank of US
-keeping high tariffs Felt like they favored the interests of the NORTH, not the SOUTH How does all this affect politics? North wants Congress to support:
-Bank of US
-Tariffs
-Building internal improvements Need seats in Congress # seats (votes)= POWER want to limit the expansion of slavery into new territory Want Congress to stay out of states business
STATES RIGHTS scared of Congress' power to limit slavery 4 million slaves in South= 2,400,000 counted toward population Slaves= more VOTES in Congress 11 FREE STATES 11 SLAVE STATES 1819: Missouri Applies for statehood as a
SLAVE state Panic of 1819 Bank of US foreclosed on farms because of unpaid mortgages caused deep resentment toward the bank in the South and West 1700s: inventors created machines that mechanized cloth making
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