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Aristotle's Elements of Tragedy

Pre-AP English 2 A
by

Micki Clark

on 17 September 2012

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Transcript of Aristotle's Elements of Tragedy

Aristotle's Elements Freytag's Pyramid No Deus Ex Machina No Episodic Plots (Unity of Action) Character Hamartia - tragic flaw In the ideal tragedy, the protagonist brings about his own downfall through his own ignorance. The protagonist must begin the play as a strong character. Aristotle says a character should be:
1. good or fine (i.e., moral)
2. fit of character (true to type)
3. true to life (realistic)
4. consistent (true to themselves)
5. logically constructed
6. slightly idealized The tragic hero's fall comes about not because he is a bad person, per se, but because he makes some sort of mistake. Thought Related to thought are the themes and messages of the play. Rather than merely imitate the real world, the author must give form and meaning to reality. Diction Remember, diction means word choice. An author must make specific style choices. Aristotle's personal favorite was the metaphor. Melody Aristotle believed that the chorus should be incorporated into the play, and that their odes should serve to further the purpose and plot of the play. Keep in mind--he doesn't like episodic works. Everything must contribute to the unity of action. The least significant element is spectacle. Aristotle acknowledged that a certain amount of spectacle was necessary, but he believed that this was more the responsibility of the stage manager, not the author. He frowned on overuse of spectacle, which makes a work "monstrous"--can you think of modern examples? Catharsis the audience's emotional purge Hubris
excessive pride for additional info: http://www2.cnr.edu/home/bmcmanus/poetics.html,
http://www.ohio.edu/people/hartleyg/ref/aristotletragedy.html
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