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THE GREAT SERUM RACE
Transcript of THE GREAT SERUM RACE
Illustrations: Jon Van Zyle Vocabulary MUSHER- a person who travels with a dogsled over snow HIKE- get moving GEE- turn right EASY- slow down WHOA- stop HAW- turn left MALARIA- an infectious disease characterized by chills, fever, and sweating SERUM- contains antibodies to a spacific disease and has antigens QUESTION # 1: How many mushers and dogs did it take to deliver the serum? Answer: 12 mushers and more than 160 dogs
-4 of the dogs died because of the weather and others became very sick and had to be left at the check points.
- Each musher would have a set amount of miles to cover untill the gave the next musher the serum.
-Where each musher stopped became a check point on the Iditarod Trail. QUESTION # 2: What were some of the conditions like on the trail? Answer:
-Gust of wind
-Fog in which you could not see the last dog in the line
-50 through -60 degrees
-Many traveled through the night
-There was a blizzard on the last day of the delivery but the musher travel through it.
-Some mushers had to travel on glare ice or by open water which once cause the sled of a musher to tip and have the serum disapear, but was later found QUESTION #3: How did the mushers keep the serum, dogs, and themselves warm? Answer:
- mushers would slow the dogs down to reduce chance of frostbite. Some dogs even wore coats that went over there stomach and nose
-wrapped the serum in rabbit skin robes for extra protection
-mushers would wear parkas and gloves made of animal fir and skin
-Many times the mushers gloves would be frozen to the sled and would have to be unfroze by steaming water QUESTION# 4: How many days were spent on the trail? Who were the mushers that spent their time on the trail? Answer:
-674 miles from Anchorage to Nome
-most of the mushers were Athabaskan Indian mail drivers who knew the area well INTRODUCTION In Janruary of 1925 Nome, Alaska was hit with a wind of diptheria. All the schools and stores were forced to shut down to prevent spreading of the disease which many people had already died from. The only serum that was avalible was in a small hospital in Anchorage Alaska. The only way to get there was by dogsled. This is the story of how the serum was delivered and how the iditorod trail was formed. INTERESTING FACTS -Balto and Togo are some of the most famous dogs that helped deliver the serum.
-Just before Togos death he was reconized at Madison Square Garden in NY in front of 20,000 people.
-There is a statue of Balto in NY.
-After the serum run Balto and his teamates were sold to a stranger where the were mistreted, but soon after a fundraiser started to help rescue them and then they where adopted to the Brookside zoo.
-The Iditarod is ran every March. THANKS FOR WATCHING :):):) BALTO TOGO STATUE OF BALTO PARKAS SERUM DIPTHERIA