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Transcript of 4th/5th wetlands
What is a wetland?
A wetland is an area that is saturated with water, either seasonally or permanently.
Types of Wetlands
Newport Back Bay
What percentage of wetlands are left in California?
What happened to the wetlands?
Wetlands are teaming with life!
What does the IERCD do?
Wonders Of Wetlands
Food for People
Wetlands help Reduce Flooding
Habitat for wildlife and insects
Resting Place for Migrating Birds
Wetlands filter pollution and sediment from the water.
Wrap it up!
What is the percentage of wetlands left in California?
Which of the following is
considered a wetland?
An Estuary is a wetland with
Pollution from cities and towns
Fertilizer, pesticides, motor oil, trash, chemicals and other pollutants flow into waterways.
What can you do to help?
Pick up trash
Protect natural areas
A biological species that defines a trait or characteristic of the environment. An indicator species may be more sensitive to pollution or changes in the environment;
scientists will often observe changes in these species to determine the health of various habitats.
Sponsor Student Speech Competition
Safe place to
raise their young
Remove Invasive Plants
Wetlands are habitats full of fish, wildlife and a large variety of plants and invertebrates
I work for...
Mystery Bag Activity
Guess what the mystery item is without peaking in the bag.
What does the item have to do with a function of a wetland?
A. Fresh water
B. Salt water
C. Both salt and fresh water
D. Green water
C. Both salt and fresh water
How do people
A. Create pollution
Wetlands in Southern California
Los Cerritos Wetland, Seal Beach
Ballona Wetlands, Playa Del Rey
Los Penasquitos Lagoon, San Diego
San Dieguito Lagoon, Del Mar
Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve, Huntington Beach
Newport Back Bay, Newport
Santa Maragrita River Estuary, Oceanside
Carlsbad Lagoon,Carlsbad, CA
Agua Hedionda Lagoon, Carlsbad
Why should we care?
Arroyo Willow - Salix lasiolepis
Arroyo willow grows most frequently in mixed riparian forests and in willow scrub communities close to the river channel. Arroyo willow roots must access the water table. Willow is used to make aspirin,cure fevers and help sooth itchy skin.
Yerba mansa 'calming herb'
The native herb, translated from Spanish as the "calming herb," has been used for centuries throughout the Southwest by American Indians and Hispanics for ailments ranging from toothaches to sinus infections.
Researchers must find a way to protect the ecologically threatened plant from depletion by habitat loss and urban development.
Chino Wetlands Park, Chino
B. Development and building dams.
C. Hiking and walking in wetland areas
D. Both A and B
D. Both A and B
Riparian is defined as vegetation habitats or ecosystems that are associated with bodies of water or are dependent on the existence of surface or underground water drainage.
Scientist sometimes use the term "Riparian" for a wetland
Wetlands were once thought to be useless swamps.
An estuary is where fresh water and salt water mix from fresh water draining into salty sea water.
Estuaries are home to unique plant and animal communities that have adapted to brackish (salt) water.
Whenever you go to natural areas, observe any signs telling you how to protect wildlife and plants
Many shore birds nest right on the beach, they are easily disturbed and may fly away from their nest.
Don't let your dog chase or bark at them.
Stanfield Marsh, Big Bear
A muddy bottom wetland that gets water only from rain and snow. Because of this, bogs often have very few nutrients. Therefore, plants that live in bogs must adapt to this low level of nutrients.
are usually found on the edge of a stream, pond, or lake. Marshes support a large variety of wildlife.
a small shallow freshwater body of water around 10 to 15 feet deep.
a body of water that is mostly surrounded by land. Can be freshwater or estuary
a low watery land, formed at the mouth of a river and empty's into the ocean. usually formed in a fan shape.
A soft boggy, muddy land that gives way under the foot (Quick Sand).
Red legged California frog
San Diego River Estuary
Swamps can often be found along large rivers or along the shores of large lakes
Mary Vagle Nature Center, Fontana CA.
Birds from Alaska
Canadian Snow Geese
Stays in the larval stage from 1-3 years
Thick grass works like a strainer to clean the water