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Argument Writing

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Kathleen Giannandrea

on 5 October 2015

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Transcript of Argument Writing

Argument Writing
Types of Argumentative Writing:
political speeches
position papers
public service announcements
personal commentaries
Careers where argumentation is important:
real estate agent
grant writer
hostage negotiator
"The persuasion of a friend is a strong thing." - Homer
This is Homer...
Academic Vocabulary
Write the following words and definitions in your notes.
Key Vocabulary Terms
Elements of Argumentative Essays
Quick Write
Includes an issue with more than one side.
Clear statement of the writer's position on the issue - Main Claim
Support for the Main Claim.
Addresses reader concerns by presenting a counterclaim.
Powerful conclusion that usually asks the reader to either believe as the writer does or take some action on the issue.
For this unit, an argument is a written work in which a writer presents a case for or against a particular position.
Key Vocabulary Terms:
argument -

claim -

counterclaim -

reason -

evidence -

source -

relevant -
Reflect on this quote:
Things to think about:
What words stand out to you?
What does this quote mean to you?
What connections can you make?
Do you think this quote is true? Explain why or why not.
Write a response to the prompt
Partners A/B - 30 seconds each
Partner A share, B listens, coaches or praises.
Partner B share, A listens then coaches or praises.
The desired result of an argument:
the reader sees things from the writer's point of view
Logical arguments
Expert opinion
Personal observations
Powerful words and images
Author uses the character or personality of the speaker to support the claim, such as celebrity endorsements. (If you believe in the celebrity, you will believe what they are selling.)

"Mom, Deputy Peterson, the school resource officer told us today that cell phones are needed to create a sense of security for students."
Author uses logic or reason in order to support the claim. When written, the information is meant to be fact or data.

"Mom, what if my soccer practice is over early, and I don't have a cell phone? Do you really want me sitting on the side of the road waiting for someone to pick me up?"
Author uses emotions to draw in the reader. Advertisements typically use pathos. Many ads depict emotions such as joyfulness, unhappiness, playfulness, excitement, fear, and more.
"Mom, 9 out o 10 students have cell phones and have used them in emergency situations."
EQ: What are the elements of an Argumentative Essay?
the evidence the writer uses supports the main claim so well that it might make you think or even change your mind.
When will you write an argumentative piece?
When you have something important to say...
That is worth the conversation
This was an important message to someone...
...but why isn't it an argument?
Support the main claim of an argument by providing evidence:
The appeal to pathos, or emotions, is a very useful tool for persuasion.
Using it too much, or exclusively, makes for a weak argument







We will return to these words repeatedly while working on our argumentative writing unit.
Level 1: Right There
Level 2: You and
the text
Level 3: Beyond
the text
Remembering and Understanding:
Students ask questions of the text to understand what it says and remember the main claim and supporting evidence.
Green light GO!!
Applying and Analyzing
Students ask questions of the text to help them analyze the different components in the text.
Yellow = SLOW DOWN
Evaluating and Creating:
Students ask questions of the text to help them evaluate the ideas in the text as well as how the text develops the ideas.
Stop at a RED LIGHT and think
deeply about the text!
2. Read the Brothers Grimm's version of a popular fairy tale.
3. In your pairs/groups, come up with two questions at each level.
refer to your handout
4. Don't label them or put them in order!!!
5. Switch posters with another pair/group.
Read the questions on the other pair/group's poster:

1. Talk in your pair/group to decide what level each question is.
2. Label each question with the level.
3. Explain why you thought it was a Level 1, 2, or 3 question.
Topic: Levels of Thinking
EQ: What are the different Levels of Thinking? How do I use them when reading a text?
Students also can create questions about the ideas in the text that go beyond the text itself out into the real world.
1. Review the info in these notes.

2. Write questions on the left side.

3. Use the EQ to write the summary for these notes.
Ethos, Pathos, Logos in Advertisements:
We'll work more with these concepts soon!!
What appeal is this advertisement using?
Argument and persuasion are closely related...
1. Review Cinderella
Position - Your opinion on a topic or issue.
Ex: Tattoos in the workplace - yes or no?
a reason or set of reasons provided in support of a position/claim
an arguable statement
the main argument/reason for the opposing position
a cause, explanation, or justification for an event or idea
the facts that show or prove the truthfulness of a statement or idea
where you got your information (article, interview, website)
closely connected or appropriate to the claim (main idea)
correct in all details
a source the reader can trust
clear, valid thinking behind the evidence or argument
all the evidence forms a solid picture of the position
make clear by explaining, elaborating, providing examples
Use the definitions from previous slides.
Full transcript