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Carl Jung and Myers Briggs
Transcript of Carl Jung and Myers Briggs
Early 20th century psychologist
Born on July 26th 1875 in Switzerland
Parents: Emilie Preiswerk and Paul Jung
Only child until age 9, played imaginary games and sat on a stone
Believed intellectual life began from dream where he fell into a hole where a fleshy being lived
Carries meaning and stretches back into history. Identifies with the stone and God’s grace.
Involved in ordinary world, childish yet academic.
Studied medicine in University of Basel
Completed degree at Burghoelzli Clinic in Zurich, began working as an intern for Eugen Bleuler
Worked for Pierre Janet in Paris
Married Emma Rausbach, had 5 children
Professor in University of Zurich
Relationship with Freud
Official break came when Jung resigned from the International Psychoanalytic Congress
April 1906: Letters
Met in person in February 1907, Vienna
7 year relationship, Freud viewed Jung as heir to psychoanalysis
Freud unhappy with Jung’s disagreement with some Freudian theories
Freud’s concept of the unconscious was too negative and limited, Jung believed it was a source of creativity, not only suppressed memories and motives
Collective Unconscious: Psychological Inheritance, dreams
Found in collective unconscious
Represented as circle, square or mandala
Unification of consciousness and unconsciousness
Individuation: creation of self, various aspects of self are integrated
Represented as dragon, snake, demon, obscure figure
Sex and life instincts
Repressed ideas, weaknesses, desires, shortcomings
Represents the unknown and chaos
Aspects of yourself you don’t like are reflected onto other people
True self, rather than image projected onto others
Learn to embrace it
If it was too powerful or passive then prone to psychological problems
Syzygy: combination of anima and animus
Politically incorrect stereotyping
How we present ourselves to the world
Social masks, shield ego
innocence, desire, purity
• Wise old man:
guidance, knowledge, wisdom
rebirth, salvation, wanting innocence
nurturing, comforting, safety
authority, stern, powerful
champion, defender, rescuer
trouble, lies, deceit
• Refers to decision making
make decisions on how they affect people personally
makes decisions based on impersonal inputs and effects, objectively
3 pairs created by Jung, fourth pair added by Myers-Briggs
• Where one places the efforts in the world
focus on external world, get along well with people
focus on the world inside their head, need time alone to recharge, find more interesting dealing with imagination, and ideas.
• How one takes in information (senses or patterns)
concrete facts, looks at immediate picture
focuses more on abstraction, “sees the forest for the trees”, interpret and add information
• How one lives and interacts with the world around you
flexible, don’t make many plans, more spontaneous
structured, like to have a calendar/schedule, prefer more order
Feeling vs. Thinking
Intuitive vs. Sensing
Introvertion vs. Extroversion
Perceiving vs. Judging
Isabel Myers and Katharine Briggs
Mother-Daughter team of psychologists.
Isabel (1897-1980) Swarthmore College, PA
1923, "Psychological Types", help people develop full potential
Two decades of "Type Watching", created MBTI Test
• Helps you appreciate your own development needs, strengths, and gifts
• Helps you understand how each person is different, and appreciate how you differ from them.
MBTI test is taken by more than two billion people per year, and has been translated into sixteen languages.
Educational Testing System published the MBTI for research purposes only
Three national MBTI conferences were held in the University of Florida, Michigan State University, and Philadelphia.
Consulting Psychologist Press published the MBTI as a tool for helping people