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Indian Horse: Chapters 31-36

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Renata Birru

on 9 November 2016

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Transcript of Indian Horse: Chapters 31-36

Thank you for listening!
Before we start, we have some RULES!!
1) We only accept feedback and comments from people with light-coloured hair. We dont really care about opinions from people with dark-coloured hair

2) If you're wearing pants, we automatically consider you more superior then those wearing kilts

3) If you're wearing the burgundy shirts, please exit.
Just Kidding!!!
But have you ever been discriminated against your physical appearance? Your race? How did you feel?
Saul vs Himself
“It drove me to even deeper focus. I worked deliberately at getting that keen sense of vision to alight on me faster.” (131)

Saul vs Himself
- Abuse from white hockey players leads to Saul in "deep focus"
-Struggles within his own mind
-Struggle to stay determined and focused, despite what other players say

“Although I didn’t want to be there, I took it as my responsibility to show them.” ( 130)

“ …there was less joy in the trips.” (pg 129)
-Saul isn't very fond of the white players
-Does not enjoy playing against them and personally struggles to even show up to games
- Saul struggles to stay true to himself, but also to support and help his team

“I knew my team wanted me to buckle. They wanted me to bare my fists and fight. But I would not do that. I would not surrender my vision of the game. I would not let go of my dream of it….” (pg 143)

-Struggle to stay true to himself and not go agaisnt what he beleives
-Under constant pressure to fight back
-Battles against himself to not change just for his teammates

“I just wanted to play the game. I didn’t want to have to make a choice. “ ( 153)
-Saul has to make a difficult decision
-Stay with the Moose or leave them and join the Toronto Marlboros
- Has always considered himself as a Moose
-Self conscious

Saul vs his Teammates
- Saul has different beleifs then his teammates
- Saul doesnt want to verse the white teams
-> "They think it's their game" (pg 129)
-Teammates are determined to take up the challenge
-Teammates are disappointed in Saul
->think he's scared to fight back
Saul vs White Players
-Saul's special talent in hockey= hate from white players
-Saul is constantly physically abused
-Players on the Clippers team
-Sending biggest players to attack Saul
“The white players tried to rough me up but I used my speed to leave them behind me. They speared me, elbowed me, slashed me, head-butted me, but i always found the open ice I needed to make another play, to create magic out of mayhem.” (130)

Moose vs White Teams
-White teams resent the Moose
- White teams at first underestimate their capability
-When the Moose prove themselves =hate
-The Moose are considered inferior due to their race
-hate motivated the Moose
“Garbage rained down on us. A group of them pissed and shat in our dressing rooms. The tires were slashed on the vans.” (pg 132)

“There was something in the negativity from the crowds and the other teams that drove us..” (pg 145)
Moose vs Themselves
- One teammate attacked = affects all
-Comments made about the team are taken personally
- Each individual player had to gain courage
“We pushed ourselves to excel, to show them that the game belonged to us too.” (145)

Moose vs Men at Cafe
-White men believe Moose don't have the right to eat in cafe
-White men= superior
- The Moose =inferior
-Moose are forced to individually fight the men to eat
Northern Ontario

•-played multiple tournaments against countless different teams
-•were hated and discriminated against
-•“white ice, white players” (149)
-•hated the area


•- small town outside of Chapleau

-•encountered a group of men whom stated that the group of young hockey players had to prove that they were worthy to dine in a cafe “for white people”

•-beat all the boys up, except for Saul, as well as urinated on them


-faced many teams who were Major Junior A or had experience in the National Hockey League

-first Native team to play there

-the rough tournaments and games made Saul “tougher”

-their home
By: Alyxis Cabioc, Hanna Adrabo, Marie Perez, and Renata Birru
Saul vs Himself
Saul vs Himself
Moose vs Themselves

-if one member attacked= affects all
-each player had an individual conflict to gain courage despite all the resentment

“We pushed ourselves to excel, to show them that the game belonged to us too.” (145)

Chapter 31
Chapter 32
Chapter 33
Chapter 34
Chapter 35
Chapter 36
" They resented the cold, inhospitable way we were all treaded. For them, the game had always been gentlemanly; rough and hard for certain, but clean, and the reserve teams and the communities that spawned them had been like family." (130)
Discrimination at Cafe
How do you think the White Community felt when they started to realize that Natives could play Hockey better than them?

- Teams from other towns realize Saul's special talent in hockey
- They Bully Saul and call him names such as "The Whiz Kid"
-Saul refuses to fight back = called a chicken
-Under a lot of pressure to fight back

“ I will not surrender my vision of the game. I would not let go of my dream of it, the freedom, the release it gave me, the joy it gave me. It wasn't anybody else’s game to take away from me. “ (143)

Do you think it was a smart choice for Saul to resist from defending himself when he gets attacked by other players from the other team?

- Jack Lanaham, a scout for the leafs, came to the tournament in Batchewana
-He was interstead in speaking to Saul
-Wanted Saul to join the Toronto Marlboros
-Jack Lanaham speaks to Saul about playing at a higher level= new opportunity for Saul
- Saul is uninterestead due to his previous experience with white players
-Lanaham reminds Saul of the beauty of Hockey
" White ice, White players. You gonna tell me that isn't the case everywhere? That they don't think it's their game wherever a guy goes?" (149)
Do you think it's a good idea for Saul to leave the Moose for the Marlboros? What would be some pros and cons?
- Virgil, Little Chief, and Ernie all try to convice Saul to join the Marlboros
-They remind him of his talent, and tell him that this is a big and great opporutnity for him
Was there ever a time were you doubted yourself, and didn't think you were "good enough"? Were there people that tired to remind you of your potential?
-Saul finally agrees to join the Marlboros
-Trains with Virgil
-Virgil trains Saul and helps him prepare
-Final goodbyes
-feels different about hockey thinks there's "less joy"
-begins to play hockey just to prove himself
-becomes more "tougher"
-acts like coach since Fred Kelly isnt there
-determined to take up challenges
-motivates them by being strong
-Honest : "It ain't gonna get any easier now that they know how to slow you down." (142)
The Moose

-Hockey Team
-Are individually affected by the acts of the white players
-Turned from “jubilant boys to hard, taciturn men” ( 131)
-More focused on winning games and competing against the white players than actually playing the game

Fred and Martha Kelly
Jack Lanaham
-Leafs scout
-realizes Saul's special talent
-Offers him a spot with the Toronto Marlboros
White Men at Cafe
-strong looking, stern faces
-think cafe is only for "white people"
-fight the Moose
Ernie Jack
-23 years old
-married, kids,plays for the Moose
-Encourages Saul to join the Marlboros
-1960s- mid 1980s
- Adoption of First Nations children
-literally scooped without parent's consent
-About 70% adopted into non-native homes
-Adult adoptees experience cultural and identity confusion-> lost generation
-Manitoba =highest rate of adoption of children
" I remeber my uncle crying, I remeber him packing a suitcase, and hugging me and kissin gme goodbye." - Marlene Orgeron, adopted during sixties scoop
"We lost our language. We lost our connections to our home communities....We were victims of colonization and Canadians need to recognize that this is part of our history" , Coleen Rajotte, adopted out as a baby
Sally Susan Mathias
-In 1967, child welfare services removed Sally and her 6 y/o sister from her home
- Adopted by a Catholic family when she was 9
-Harsh relationship with her adoptive mother -> breaking ties with the family when she was 17
- Returned to the reserve, completely forgetting her cultural background
- "I could not speak my mothers language. How do you talk about your emotions when you cannot even speak the words?"

Have you ever felt like you've lost or were confused about your identity?
-Native team beat Senior A Champions
-White teams wanted to verse the Moose
-Everyone but Saul was up for the challenge
-The Moose-> not treated like humans
- Things started to change- playing wasn't as fun as it used to be
The New Hockey Arena
greatness/speacialness of the game has been lost
"Zambonis replaced gangs of people in gumboots and mackinaws hosing down the ice. Now the norm wa rows of red seats, electronic scoreboards, junk food in styrofoam boxes, and the jagged sound of English in the taunts and put-downs from the crowds." p. 129-130
"For the next twenty minutes they came in and took one member of The Moose after another. Each time they brought someone back the smell of urine got stronger." p. 134

Domination over the weak
Strong, lingering sense of defeat
"But you know what was the scariest thing was, Saul? There was no yelling, no cussing, no nothing. They did it silently. Like it was an everyday thing" p. 136
"I won't say anything... And we never did. But there were moments when you'd catch another boy's eye and know that you were both thinking about it... All the hurt. All the shame. All the rage." p.136
Lack of Visions
Disconnection with himself
Loss of hope
Lack of self-fulfilment
Native culture/practice has been forgotten
"For the first time I could remember, I couldn't find the vision. I couldn't seem to read the play and I felt hopeless. I felt like a loser." p.142
Don't stoop down to other's level
“They wanted me to bare my fists and fight. But I would not do that. I would not surrender my vision of the game. I would not let go of my dream of it, the freedom, the release it gave me, the joy it gave me.” p. 143
Theme: Self-control
Even though Saul had many opportunities to fight on the ice, he did not
Shows maturity, self-control, patience, calmness
Weak seek revenge, strong people turn the other cheek
Lack power
Shame and embarrassment
"Silence is violence"
Have you ever been in a situation where your patience has been tested? What did you do?
Don't let good opportunities go to waste
-have prodived shelter and supported Saul all along
When Saul was offered a place in the Malboros training camp, he initally refused to go
Afraid of change
Later on, that experience helped him grow as a person
Moral: if Saul never took the chance, he would've never learned the lessons that he did
Theme: Risk-taking
"We all play the game wishing that someday a call will come and someone will ask us to play with the big boys," Little Chief said." p. 152
“Well you win a little hockey tournament and then you think you got the right to come in here and eat like white people.” (pg 133)

-"(no Title)." N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. <https://sixtiesscoopclaim.com/>.
-News, CBC. "Sixties Scoop Victims Demand Apology, Compensation." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. <http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/sixties-scoop-victims-demand-apology-compensation-1.3117552>.
"The 60’s Scoop." Origins Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. <http://www.originscanada.org/aboriginal-resources/the-stolen-generation/>.
-Wagamese, Richard. Indian Horse: A Novel. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre, 2012. Print.
-WinnipegFreePress. "60's Scoop Adoptee Marlene Orgeron Shares Her Emotional Story." YouTube. YouTube, 2015. Web. 26 Apr. 2016. <
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