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Transcript of Cleopatra
Ptolemy dynasty were Macedonian Greeks who ruled Egypt from 323 BC
Born in October 69 BC
Ruled Egypt from 51 BC - 30 BC
Cleopatra and her brother took over when Ptolemy XII died in 51 BC
Cleopatra was 18 yrs. old
First pharaoh to speak Egyptian
Married her brother
Complications with her brother
Fled to Syria
Life with Julius Caesar
Had love affair with Roman leader Julius Caesar
Joined military forces with Julius Caesar
Defeated Ptolemy XIII in the Battle of the Nile
Became queen with the help of Roman support
Had a son named Caesarion
Went to Rome with Julius Caesar
Came back after his assassination (44 BC)
Cleopatra and Her Beauty
Cleopatra is believed to be a sex symbol by many Historians, the reason for this is.....
Mark Antony and Cleopatra
Marcus Antony was Born in 83 BC.
He is related to Julius Caesar on mother side.
He is from a noble family and served under Julius Caesar.
M. Antony saw chance in Cleopatra for military and financial support to secure his rule over empire
Cleopatra also saw a chance to regain power over Egypt's eastern empire like Lebanon and Syria
Had 3 children with Mark Antony
Represents a powerful figure in a male-dominated society
Story survives in art and literature (eg. Shakespeare's play
Antony and Cleopatra
Cleopatra combined forces with M. Antony to go against Octavian but lost in sea battle in Actium, Greece
Octavian took over Alexandria (Egyptian capital)
Mark Antony and Cleopatra both killed themselves (Cleopatra getting bit by an aspis (Egyptian snake) (August 12, 30 BC)
Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire making Cleopatra the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Known for her beauty, power and intelligence
Character played by Elizabeth Taylor
Portrayed as enticing and seductive in literature, art and films
Known throughout history for her beauty.
This last Pharaoh of Egypt used her beauty, cunning, sexuality and powers of persuasion to entice two of the world’s most powerful men to keep her once powerful empire free of complete Roman control.
Besides dealing with problems abroad, Cleopatra had to overcome an Egyptian society that did not accept females as sole rulers without male guidance.
Her beauty helped the people to accept her power and not go against it.