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The Taiga

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by

Sonty V

on 29 July 2014

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Transcript of The Taiga

World’s largest terrestrial biome
Covers most of North America and Eurasia
Distribution
Climate
Köppen's Dfc climate category
generalized by cold, temperatures in 50's to 60's
Humid
Ashy gray, acidic soil
Long, harsh winters that last up to six months and short summers.
Limiting factors: water, forest fire, and temperature
The Taiga
The Biome
Species
Biome
The Climate
Climatogram
Plants and Adaptation
shallow root system
dormant seeds
winged seeds
conical shapes
Food Web
Amur Leopard
Animals and Adaptations
hibernation
insulation
migration
camouflage
"snowshoes"
Siberian Crane
Interactions
Prey
Roots and Tubers
Cranberries
Fish and rodents
Insects
Endangerment
and Threats
Critically endangered, 3500-4000 left
Third most endangered crane species in the world
Threatened by interruptions in migratory patterns/sites, wintering and breeding sites
ex: building of the Three Gorges Dam
Evolution
pale fur
thick coat (7 cm in winter)
long legs

Evolution
Habitat
Arctic Russia (tundra) and Western Siberia (taiga)
Feeds, nests and roosts in the wetlands of the Taiga
Prefers to nest in shallow fresh water that provides good visibility
Causes:
beautiful coat and bones
limited prey
loss of land
little genetic diversity
Efforts:
increase prey pop.
increase land
reduce illegal practices
relocate leopards
Interactions
hunts sika deer, roe, badgers, mice
solitary animal
Location(s)
isolated in Russian Far East
few in Jilin Province
Habitat & Niche
Species Endangerment
Predators
Fox
Eagle
Wildcats
Relatives
subspecies (Panthera pardus)
closely related to lions, jaguars, tigers
Most closely related to other crane species
Sarus
Sandhill
Evolution/Adaptation
Adaptations:
Long bills/toes
Bright white plumage
Dark primary feathers
Serrated bill
Steps to Protect
Organizations: ICF, UNEP and International Crane Organization

Strategies: Protect key wetlands and migration routes, education of populace
Animals
Amur Leopard
Siberian Crane
Grey Wolf
Tiger
Otter
Mountain Hare
Wolverines
Elk
Weasel
Ecological Interactions
Commensalism
Bees and flowers
Parasitism
Winter tick and moose
Mutualism
Moss and trees
Predation
Siberian Crane and fish
Competition
Deer and squirrel compete over plants
Plants
Arctic Poppy
Conifers
Orchids
Pines
Wild Rose
Grasses and sedges
Bibliography
https://php.radford.edu/~swoodwar/biomes/?page_id=92
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/taiga_climate_page.htm
http://priynspecies.weebly.com/endangered-species-list.html
http://www.denverzoo.org/downloads/dzoo_amur_leopard.pdf
https://www.savingcranes.org/siberian-crane.html
http://www.arkive.org/siberian-crane/leucogeranus-leucogeranus/
http://www.wcs.org/saving-wildlife/big-cats/amur-leopard.aspx
http://welcometo-thetaiga.weebly.com/limiting-factors.html
Bibliography cont.
http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/amur_leopard2/
http://www.arkive.org/amur-leopard/panthera-pardus-orientalis/
http://worldwildlife.org/species/amur-leopard
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106002786/0
http://www.interestingfunfacts.com/interesting-information-about-siberian-crane.html
http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/birds/cranes/evol.htm
http://borealforestandtaiga.weebly.com/mutualism-commensalism-and-parasitism-examples.html
Critically Endangered
Restoration
Full transcript