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How We Learn
Transcript of How We Learn
“Learning, the alteration of behaviour as a result of individual experience. When an organism can perceive and change its behaviour, it is said to learn.” – Encyclopedia Britannica
Locations in the Brain
Cerebellum, thalamus, and cerebral cortex
Visual and motor activity
Medulla oblongata, thalamus, cerebral cortex
Nerves on bottom of the brain, thalamus
Types of Learners
The auditory cortex, because it is not being used for hearing, will take on additional sensory tasks like touch and sight.
1. Phonemically: Using the sounds of a language to read.
2. Association: Associating the written word with its respective sign.
Aristotle - Five Main Senses
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Kinesthetic Sense - Sense of Motion
Sense of Balance
Best Teaching Method
best at listening
understand tone, pitch, and speed of voice
prefer reading out loud and recordings
Music or other noises added to teaching method
Best Teaching Method
sit in the front of classes
avoid visual distractions
think in pictures
take detailed notes
expressive body language
animated facial expressions
Best Teaching Method
enjoy physical activities
learning through movement
explore the outside world
in the posterior left superior temporal gyrus.
Differences in the Brain
-Better at processing peripheral vision and motion.
American Sign Language (ASL)
Pick up language by mimicking parents.
Children mimic parents by repeating what they see.
Learn to be expressive differently.
-Tilt body forward.
Children mimic parents by repeating what they hear.
Learn to be expressive through changing pitches of the voice.
An entirely different language with its own grammar, word order, and inflections.
-Introduced with a description.
-Teachers will use a facial marking to indicate that a new word is about to be taught.
-ex. Furrowed brow
The visual cortex in the brain is not being used to process visual information and can learn to process language
Braille is a way for blind people to read.
It is taught to children by associating the words with the actual object.
Impact of Visual Impairment On Learning
Blind children need to be taught spatial skills and how to walk without running into thing (usually with a cane or a service dog)
Blind children take Orientation & Mobility classes where they learn through mostly experience (kinesthetics)
When one or more sense is impaired, other senses are heightened in order to compensate and to try to accumulate information, resulting in very different learning processes.
"Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”
- Albert Einstein