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Selective Mutism/Self-Harm

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by

Karla Flores

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of Selective Mutism/Self-Harm

Selective Mutism
The inability to speak in public places while being able to speak in other settings. It can be considered as an extreme form of social anxiety.
Characteristics or Symptoms
Children or adolescents behave normally when they are in a comfortable environment.
Children with SM have an inability to speak in certain places.
Nausea
Headaches
Stomachaches
Vomiting when put under these these circumstances.
Treatment
Psychotherapy
Medication for anxiety that inhibits people from speaking in public situations.
Speech language therapy
Person with SM is non-verbal at school or around strangers.
They are, however, able to talk freely at home.
Some use gestures or facial expressions to communicate, but others have trouble communicating non-verbally.
Experts believe it's genetic.
Most commonly affects children and adolescents.
Additional Facts
Self-Harm/Self Injury
The act of deliberately harming your own body.

Characteristics/Symptoms
Usually, people (kids) who self harm are unhappy majority of the time.
Many are sensitive, perfectionists, overachievers.

Treatment
Psychotherapy
SAFE Alternatives program

Additional Facts
Not meant to be a suicide attempt, it's an unhealthy way to cope with emotional pain.
People who self harm feel that they have failed in one area of their lives, so this is a way to gain control.
Self-injury can also be a symptom for psychiatric problems like borderline personality disorder, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.

Some may have a history of sexual, physical, or verbal abuse.
Bibliography
Selective Mutism
www.childmind.org
http://www.mayoclinic.org
Self-Harm/Self Injury
http://www.webmd.com
http://www.mayoclinic.org
By: Celine Aguilar and Karla Flores
Full transcript