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Using Context Clues

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by

Jessie Vought

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Using Context Clues

Step Four: See if the suffix can help you understand the word.
Using Context Clues to Determine Word Meaning
BRAINSTORM
ELEMENTS
copy and paste as needed and take advantage of an infinite canvas!
Step Two: Use the information around the word to determine connotation
Step Three: See if the prefix can help you understand the word
Step 5: Inferring a meaning
Step One: Reread passage surrounding the unknown word
When you're reading, what do you do when you come across a word you don't know?
Grab a dictionary?
Google it?
Ask a teacher?
What happens when you don't have
those resources?
Using Context Clues
Skip it?
Why practice now?
Standardized Tests: Your high school career will be filled with standardized tests: MEAP, PSAT, ACT, AP.... Many of these tests will have reading passages that ask you to define unknown words.
Discovery Education
"No record is left in my mind, now, concerning it, but a confused jumble of savage looking snags, which we deliberately walked over with one wheel or the other; and of reefs which we butted and butted, and then
retired
from and climbed over in some softer place; and of sand bars which we roosted occasionally, and rested, and then got out our crutches and sparred over."
As used in this sentence, the word retire means _______.
A. to go to bed for the night
B. to withdraw from
C. to give up working after a certain age
D. to go away from others for privacy.
Future reading: As life-long readers, you'll keep encountering words you may be unfamiliar as texts become more difficult in high school, college, and the "real world."
Data
Question Level: Medium
Correct answer: B
Class Results:
5th:
62% Correct
38% Wrong
18 students
11 students
Context Clues allow you to decide the meaning of unknown words by using
prior knowledge
& bits of
information
from the text.
Research has shown that good readers naturally use context clues to understand unknown words.
Breaking down the process can help build vocabulary.
To Kill a Mockingbird is full of difficult vocabulary. In the coming chapters, you'll be asked to use context clues to decipher word meanings by following 5 steps:
"Jem and Walter returned to school ahead of me: staying behind to advise Atticus of Calpurnia's iniquities was worth a solitary sprint past the Radley Place. 'She likes Jem better'n she likes me, anyway," I concluded, and suggested that Atticus lose no time in packing her off" (Lee 33).
Connotation: an idea or feeling that
a word provokes
As you read, look for:
1. characteristics of the word itself:
*verb *noun *plural/singular *tense
*adverb *adjective *possessive


Example: Home:
House:
"Jem and Walter returned to school ahead of me: staying behind to
advise Atticus of Calpurnia's iniquities was worth a solitary sprint
past the Radley place. 'She likes Jem better'n me, anyway,' I concluded , and suggested that Atticus lose no time in packing her off" (Lee 33).
iniquities: plural noun, belong to Calpurnia
Scout wants Atticus to fire Calpurnia.
Other examples:
overweight v.s. fat
job v.s. career
student v.s. scholar
immigrant v.s. alien

"Jem and Walter returned to school ahead of me: staying behind to
advise Atticus of Calpurnia's iniquities was worth a solitary sprint
past the Radley place. 'She likes Jem better'n me, anyway,' I concluded , and suggested that Atticus lose no time in packing her off" (Lee 33).
"Calpurnia's iniquities" is possessive...the iniquities belong to her
I know that Scout wants Atticus to fire Calpurnia.
I know that Scout is angry at Calpurnia.
Connotation of iniquities: something negative, they are the reason Scout wants Calpurnia fired
Step #1: Detials
Step #2: Connotation
Prefix: The affix attached to the front of the word
that changes meaning
example: disbelief
prefix: dis-
meaning: not, opposite of
Iniquities
Prefix: in-
Meaning: not
Suffix: the affix attached to the
end of a word that changes meaning.
example:
Preventable
Suffix: -able
Definition: able to be
Iniquities
Suffix: -ies

Meaning: plural, more than one
"Calpurnia's iniquities" is possessive....the iniquities belong to her
I know that Scout wants Atticus to fire Calpurnia.
I know that Scout is angry at Calpurnia.
Step#1: Details
Step #2: Connotation
Connotation: Something negative about Calpurnia
Step #3: Prefix
in- meaning "not"
Step #4: Suffix
-ies meaning "plural, more than one meaning"
Inferred definition: Iniquities--a negative aspect of a person that leads others to dislike them, Calpurnia has more than one.
Iniquities
This example will follow through the Prezi in order to determine the meaning of the word "iniquities"::
2. Information that puts the word in perspective
*description *tone & setting
*comparisons *cause & effect
*synonyms *antonyms
Full transcript