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Israeli and Palestinian conflict

Timeline of the conflict between Israel and Palestine, during the 20th century. Timeline begins a little before the 1900s, and ends in present day. Final notes focus on remaining issues. Presentation tries to remain unbiased and show both perspective

Jennifer Cottle

on 8 February 2012

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Transcript of Israeli and Palestinian conflict

Israeli and Palestinian Conflict 1900 2000 20th
Century 21st
Century Today 2010 1917 1956 1987 1967 1990 1993 2005 1995 2008 1947 Palestine under
Ottoman Empire Palestine under
British Empire Pre WW1 After WW1 Balfour
Declaration Zionist Movement Began Jews immigrate to Palestine Claims to the Land Israelis Palestinians Ancestors lived in area nearly 2000 years ago

Jerusalem home to most important Jewish site—Western Wall
Ancestors have been living in area nearly 2000 years

Jerusalem home to 3rd most important Muslim site-Dome of the Rock/Al-Aqsa Mosque
Late 1800s 1948 1978 1977 UN Plan for Palestine Area is separated into 2 countries
55% Jewish (accepting)
45% Palestinian (rejecting)
Jerusalem "International City"
No Arab on commitee War May 14 Israel is informed
May 15 Israel is attacked
Hundredds of Thousands flee or are forced to leave

After Math:
Jordan: controls West Bank
Egypt: controls Gaza Strip
Israel: takes part of Palestine and Jerusalem Perspectives on... Israeli Palestinian Partition and 1948 War 1967 War and Aftermath Camp David Accord Creates state of Israel
War of Independence
Holocaust and other violence against Jews might not have happened if there was a Jewish Homeland They had no input
Nabka: “Catastrophe”
Land set aside for Palestinians now under control of Arab countries or Israel West Bank and Gaza Strip become known as “Occupied Territories”
Some will accept Israel at pre-1967 War borders.
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) later begins to use terrorism to attract attention to its cause of an independent state. Land gained is a buffer zone to deter future attacks
Begin to build settlements in West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights
Unified Jerusalem under Israeli control Shows that the country is willing to trade land it has conquered for peace Egypt recognizes that Israel is a country and exists.
Sadat assassinated in 1981 by Muslim extremists
Jordan signs peace agreement with Israel in 1994. Suez Canal Crisis Egypt nationalizes Suez Canal
Israeli access to the Red Sea blocked
Israel attacks Egypt
France and the United Kingdom help Israel
Ceasefire agreement and withdrawal of Israeli troops
United Nations Peacekeepers sent to maintain peace Israel believes neighbors are preparing for war
Israeli surprise attack against Egypt on June 5, 1967
Egypt (led by Anwar Sadat) engages Israel in peace efforts U.S. President Carter invites Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Begin to Camp David
Egypt recognizes Israel as a country
Israel gives Sinai peninsula back to Egypt
First agreement between Israel and an Arab nation Camp David Accords The Intifada Palestinian uprising against Israeli occupation, living conditions, and to demand independence
Israeli military response
Over 400 Israelis and 1500 Palestinians Killed several advances towards peace, meetings in:
United States
Norway Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin assasinated by Jewish extremist Oslo Accords Yasser Arafat and Yitzhak Rabin met to work out a peace deal Over 4500 Palestinians and 1000 Israelis Killed Second Intifada Palestinian violence erupts
Civilians blown up by Palestinian suicide bombers
Israel responds militarily peace process has faded.
Ariel Sharon visits Temple Mount (Western Wall area and Al Aqsa Mosque area) in Jerusalem Gaza Strip Israel removed settlements from Gaza Strip
gave control to Palestinian government
Gaza comes under control of Hamas - considered by Israel a terrorist organization. Hamas and Israel have entered into a cease fire agreement. Palestinian and Israeli leaders backed by US and other countries working towards the existence of Israel and of Palestine. But some issues remain... Current
Issues Jerusalem Israelis Sees united Jerusalem as its capitol Sees East Jerusalem as its capitol Palestine If Palestinians return to Israel it can mean the end of Israel as a Jewish state Israelis Palestine Palestinians believe they should be able to return to their or their family's land in Israel Palestine Israeli settlements go against the idea of a future Palestinian state. 270,000 Israeli settlers in the West Bank
Israelis Israelis building a barrier by the West Bank
sees it as way to prevent further suicide bombings barrier goes beyond border between West Bank and Israel Palestine Hamas (Gaza Strip) and Hezbollah (Lebanon) fire rockets into Israel
Individuals also commit other acts of terror Can’t stereotype all Palestinians as terrorists
the majority are not terrorists.
Palestinian government denounced terrorism. Palestine Israelis Israelis Palestinians need permission to leave West Bank.
Israel sees this as needed security to prevent terrorism.
restriction on movement limits jobs, health care, education, etc. contributing to standard of living in West Bank being significantly less than that of Israel Palestine Security and
Terrorism Right of Return Settlements Movement Security Barrier So let's analyze...
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