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La Navidad en España y Chile
Transcript of La Navidad en España y Chile
Going shopping for presents is a nightmare, especially because it's said that Chileans always leave everything to the last minute, therefore, shopping centres, markets and shops in general are not only boiling hot, but also very crowded.
These are some of the most common presents that children get for Christmas
New Year Traditions
Christmas Traditions in Chile
How long is it 'til midnight???
Chileans celebrate Christmas at midnight on Christmas Eve. That's when presents are opened, therefore it is usual to have kids asking every 5 minutes How long is it until Christmas
y Próspero Año Nuevo
Christmas is a very important religious celebration for the Hispanic countries, and this religious element has remained strong through time despite the influence of North America, which gives more importance to the giving of presents and the image of Santa Claus. In Spain and most Latin American countries the real motive of this celebration is the birth of Jesus.
Traditions are very similar to those in Britain, but at the same time very different as well.
Variations include the way we celebrate, the food and even the dates.
In Spain, for instance, Celebrations are not only about Christmas. They have put together a few other celebrations at the end of the year making it a very festive season.
22nd of December: El Gordo
The first draw was in 1812 and was created to help the orphans of San Ildefonso
6th of January: Día de Reyes
Spanish people and some Latin-American countries like Mexico celebrate 'Epiphany', which is when the Three Wise Men arrived to give presents to baby Jesus.
Christmas presents are given on this day in a big family celebration. Presents are supposed to be brought by the Three Wise Men, not Father Christmas
It is a tradition to eat ‘Roscón de Reyes’ which is a ring of sweet bread and candied fruit peel. Inside of the bread there is a little figurine of Baby Jesus. Whoever finds it has to take it to church on the 2nd of February
24th of December: Christmas eve
The family gathers around the Nativity scene and sings Christmas songs.
The nativity scene is a very important feature for Spanish people.
There is a very weird tradition in some parts of Spain, and it consists of adding a figurine to the nativity that portrays a peasant who is defecating. This image is called 'Caganer'
25th of December: Christmas Day
Families have a Christmas dinner and go out to the cinema or to a concert. For Spanish people this is a 'going out day'.
A tradition on Christmas Day is to eat Churros with melted chocolate.
A big difference with Britain is that there are no presents on Christmas day.
28th of December: Day of the Innocent Saints
Is the equivalent of April Fools Day and pranks are played by everyone, including celebrities, politics and the news.
31st of December: New Year's Eve
Celebrations are huge. The most important tradition being when they eat 12 grapes following the 12 chimes of the bells at the 'Plaza Mayor de Madrid'. This event is broadcast live on TV.
People gather around the tower clock with their grapes and wait for midnight in a public party.
In other places, public parties and concerts are organized where people party and wait for the broadcasting of the 12 grapes.
In Chile there are a few other differences in the way people celebrate Christmas, the most important being the fact that in South America at this time of the year IT'S SUMMER!
Between December and February, Temperatures oscilate between 30 and 40 degrees celsius, Therefore Chrismas time is very hot!
December is also the end of the school year, so a lot of people go on holidays at Christmas time.
Most Christmas presents are items than can be used on holidays.
Because it's summer, a lot of people leave the cities to spend christmas on the coast, especially in the central regions where the councils organize award winning firework shows for New Year's eve.
Chile is a Catholic country, and even though the image of Father Christmas (El Viejito Pascuero) has been very strong for years, almost every family still has a scene of the nativity underneath their Christmas Trees to commemorate the birth of Jesus.
Another tradition has to do with solidarity and trying to make poor children's wishes come true.
Christmas mass takes place around 7pm on the 24th of December so people have time to go home and have Christmas dinner afterwards.
Chile celebrates Christmas on the 24th of December at midnight. Christmas dinner takes place around 9pm and it usually consists of traditional roasted turkey or chicken. However, some people prefer to have outdoor barbecues.
There are very traditional foods and drinks. Two of these are:
A drink called 'Cola de mono’ (Monkey’s tail) made out of milk, coffee, spices and alcohol.
A traditional food is ‘Pan de Pascua’ (Christmas bread). It’s a sweet bread made with nuts, candied fruit and spices.
24th of December
25th of December is the most quiet day of the year. In Santiago Families usually stay at home or go out to the parks and public swimming pools where children can play with their new toys.
y próspero año nuevo
Christmas in Spain and Chile
y próspero año nuevo