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Goals and Techniques in Teaching Speaking
Transcript of Goals and Techniques in Teaching Speaking
Instructors help their students
develop their learnings by
providing authentic practice
that would prepare them for
It gives learners the material they need to begin producing language themselves.
The learners' main purpose is to complete a task
It focuses on the correct form.
Greetings, apologies, compliments, invitations, and other functions that are influenced by social and cultural norms often follow patterns or scripts.
Using minimal responses
Minimal responses are predictable, often idiomatic phrases that conversation participants use to indicate understanding, agreement, doubt, and other responses to what another speaker is saying.
Instructors can use a balanced activities approach that combines:
Strategies for Developing Speaking Skills
Teachers' Quality Circle
San Rafael Technological High School
GOALS AND TECHNIQUES
in TEACHING SPEAKING
Aug. 17, 2015
What learners think...?
Many language learners regard speaking ability as the measure of knowing a language.
(pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary)
transaction and interaction
What learners should realize...?
• Social and cultural rules and norms
(turn-taking, rate of speech, length of pauses between speakers, relative roles of participants)
What educators should do...?
focuses on information
focuses on ways on using the language
It is designed to make learners comfortable producing specific language items recently introduced, sometimes in combination with previously learned items.
The criterion of success is whether the learner gets the message across.
Accuracy is not a consideration
unless the lack of it interferes with the message.
Using language to talk about language
Using clarification phrases in class when misunderstanding occurs, and by responding positively when they do.
Developing Speaking Abilities
How many sheets
could a sheet slitter slit
if a sheet slitter
could slit sheets?
fish-sauce shop sells
Big black bugs bleed
blue black blood
but baby black bugs
bleed blue blood.
If two witches would
watch two watches,