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Traveler's Survival Kit

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Jonathan Gilbert

on 8 April 2015

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Transcript of Traveler's Survival Kit

Island of Stress
The first thing you'll notice as you step into this land is that stress is everywhere.
Family Systems Theory
Instead of seeing problems in a linear way, placing blame on one person, Systems Theory recognizes circular causality. Multiple factors impact relationships simultaneously. The whole is greater than the sum of it's parts. The family as a whole, factors in how we deal with stress.
Profile of Trouble
Family Stress and Coping
Ahoy matey!

Welcome to this interactive tour where you'll learn how families work through stress and coping.

On the island you'll find several tools that will help families navigate the stormy seas of life.

Can you find all the treasures and return before the next storm threatens to sink our ship?

- Captain Calm
Traveler's Survival Kit
By: Jonathan Gilbert
ABCX Model
A = Stressor
B = Resources and responses
C = Cognition
X = Total eXperience
- Rueben Hill
Family Rules:



Identified Patient:

Double Bind:
Family Cohesion:
Family Flexibility:
Stress Models
- Earl Lomon Koos
Physiology of Stress
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Family Council Meetings
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Immune System
In response to a perceived threat (stressor) the brain produces chemicals using three different systems. Those chemicals are delivered to different parts of our bodies causing physical responses.
It's all in our head, Matey!
Models help us visualize and understand things. They are graphical, metaphorical, or just written out words. Family stress models help us understand how families manage stress.
Koos: How do some families seem to be “trouble resistent”?
How To Trouble Proof Your Family
Koos' found patterns among families who seemed to be better equipped to face their challenges
Establish clearly defined roles within family
The family is a unit that acts collectively for the common good
Keep a balance of power. Egalitarian family structure
In Hill's research, three factors constituted ‘the most important statistically identifiable factors making for successful adjustment to crisis’:
Family adaptability
Family integration
Marital adjustment
Hill's model for stress breaks down the stress events into sections that can help families come out stronger after the event.
Our brains tell our bodies how to feel. We can change the way we feel by the changing the way we think!
In CBT we explore our negative thoughts, recognize their distortions, and change them into more accurate, positive thoughts.
CBT has been proven to be more effective in healing mental issues than medicine
Two ways we make decisions:
Making unified, family decisions increases trouble resistance.
Most do this to avoid conflict. Each seeks own will.
All parties come together in unified decision.
First Presidency Model for council meetings
Make homes an environment of sacredness.
Express love and appreciation toward one another before meeting starts
Pray and invite the God’s will into the meeting.
Allow each person to speak in turn, expressing themselves, sometimes by seniority, what he/she perceives is God’s will on the matter.
End meeting with prayer

All ye for consensus say "aye matey!"
Obeying one request gets you in trouble for disobeying another.
Degree of closeness or emotional bonding family members have for one another.
Adaptability to new and/or stressful situations
All are accepted and loved, even with differences of opinion
Filtering out any external elements that seem hostile to the goals and policies of the family while at the same time incorporating those that are deemed beneficial.
Repetitive behavioral patterns, based on the redundancy principle, that regulate family functioning by offering guidelines for future family interactions
Family must be able and willing to incorporate energy into its system in order to thrive.
The natural inclination to maintain the status quo and resist change is usually referred to as homeostasis
An individual who is simply the symptom bearer in a dysfunctional family, or the one who carries much of the family burden. Entire family is the focus in therapy.

There are continuous “feedback loops” as each member speaks to, and impacts upon, the behaviors of the others.
Change Your Thinking
Accept Your Experience
Sometimes our thoughts are exaggerated
Recognizing what is happening within ourselves
Allow sensations to rise and fall
The following components make up the Family Systems Theory
You're going to find some great treasures that will help you get through this journey. Let's see how the family integrates with stress.
Stress can be good or bad depending on how you approach it.
But don't worry matey!
Notice how each influences families during stress...
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
Derived from Buddhist roots, we change our negative patterns of behavior through meditation techniques.
Practice Mindfulness
ake a breath
Don't let the painful thoughts and emotions "go", rather, let them "be"
Take time to live in the moment and pay attention to our thoughts and emotions without judgement.
Double ABCX Model
The Double ABCX Model builds on the ABCX Model by adding post crisis variables to help explain how families adapt to the crisis event.
is the pile up of previous stressors.
is the resources, existing and newly acquired from the previous crisis.
is the perception of the entire events.
is adaption. Bonadaption = positive adaption. Maladaption = negative adaption.
Pre Crisis:
, and
of the original ABCX model are now here, where c is now the perception of a.

is the crisis.
Post Crisis:
Family Resilience
is defined as observing a normal or even exceptionally positive developmental outcome in spite of exposure to major risk for the development of serious social or health problems" - Mark W. Fraser
Raising Resilient Children
Risk Factors
Childhood poverty
Being bullied
repeated annoying events, daily hassles, and accumulated stress on developmental outcomes
Accumulated Stress (bundling - stressors pile up)
Poor parenting (non supervised, not matched responses, constant nagging)

Resilience Factors
• Pray to understand your children’s strengths and how to help them with their weaknesses.
• Be patient and realize that children need time to develop resilience.
• Strive to understand that mistakes and failures are opportunities to learn.
• Allow natural, logical consequences to serve as the disciplinarian.
• Respect children’s decisions, even if their poor choices lead to lost privileges.
• Refrain from berating children for breaking the rules.
• Do not discourage effort by criticizing harshly.
• Rather than praising accomplishment, encourage and praise effort.
• “Praise your children more than you correct them. Praise them for even their smallest achievement”
Source: Ensign, Mar 2013, "Raising Resilient Children", By Lyle J. Burrup LDS Family Services
Source: "Risk and resilience in childhood: an ecological perspective" Mark W. Fraser, editor. 2nd ed.
Source: "Strengthening Family Resilience", Ch. 3, Froma Walsh, Retrieved from BYUI.edu
Belief systems are what dictate our resilience.
Shared Beliefs
Crisis as Shared Challenge
Positive Outlook
Learned Optimism
Sustaining Hope
Finding Humor
Overcoming Odds
Positive Illusions
Moral Compass
Creative Inspiration
We act based on our belief systems. Growth, problem solving, and healing come from a facilitative belief system. Perpetual problems and limitations come from constraining belief systems. These concepts are treasures that help build resiliency in families:
Grab these treasures and put
You just opened a huge treasure
them in your belief system so you
can navigate the stormy seas with
Now that we have an idea of how the family relates together, let's take a few steps ahead and discover how stress works
Source: Ingoldsby, B. B., Smith, S. R., & Miller, J. E. (2004). Exploring Family Theories. In Family Systems Theory (2nd Ed., Ch. 5, pp. 123-139). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Source: Ingoldsby, B. B., Smith, S. R., & Miller, J. E. (2004). Exploring Family Theories. In Family Systems Theory (2nd Ed., Ch. 5, pp. 123-139). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Source: Ingoldsby, B. B., Smith, S. R., & Miller, J. E. (2004). Exploring Family Theories. In Family Systems Theory (2nd Ed., Ch. 5, pp. 123-139). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Source: Ingoldsby, B. B., Smith, S. R., & Miller, J. E. (2004). Exploring Family Theories. In Family Systems Theory (2nd Ed., Ch. 5, pp. 123-139). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Source: Seaward, B. L. (2002). The Physiology of Stress. In Managing Stress: Principles and Strategies for Health and Well-being (3rd Ed., Ch. 2, pp. 29-38). Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Source: "Family Stress and Coping", Michael D. Williams, Department of Home & Family Brigham Young University—Idaho, 2013
Source: "Family Stress and Coping", Michael D. Williams, Department of Home & Family Brigham Young University—Idaho, 2013
Source: "Individual and Family Stress and Crises" Weber, Janice G., SAGE Publications, Inc, Dec. 2010
Avast Ye!
Source: Burns, D. D. (2007). When panic attack: The new, drug-free anxiety therapy that can change your life. New York, NY: Three Rivers Press.
Download Mood Log:
Source: Stahl, B., & Goldstein, E. (2010). A mindfulness-based stress reduction workbook. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.
Source: Ballard, M. Russell (2012-09-03). Counseling with our Councils: Revised Edition: Learning to Minister Together in the Church and in the Family. Deseret Book Company.
Sustaining Resilience
To be a hardy pirate you're going to need to build up a capacity to grow through trials.
"For resilience under stress, flexible alliances and teamwork are essential"
- Froma Walsh
Mobilizing extended kin and social support; models and mentors Building vital community networks
Building financial security; balancing work and family strains
Discovering and acquiring resources increases our ability to successfully manage stress . Dig up these coping skills and resources that prove to be helpful in crisis situations.
Social and Economic Resources
Counterbalancing stability and change:
Rebounding, reorganizing, adapting to fit challenges over time
Continuity, dependability through disruption
Family Shock Absorbers
Being flexible to change while keeping stability, maintaining connectedness, and keeping strong social and economical resources, are patterns found among families who keep their ships afloat during troubled waters.
Source: "Strengthening Family Resilience", Ch. 4, Froma Walsh, Retrieved from BYUI.edu
Pick up these coins and learn more about these family stress models, Matey!
FAAR Model
To account for this, and add additional variables, McCubbin and Patterson developed the
Family Adjustment and Adaption Response Model
Expanding on the ABCX Model, adjustment and adaptation phases were added. Families may revert back to different phases during the process of managing their stress.
Source: "Individual and Family Stress and Crises", Ch. 6, Weber, Janice G., SAGE Publications, Inc, Dec. 2010
You've found all the treasures!
Now take these treasures back to your ship and sail off to greater journeys ahead!
Successful pirates
with others to effectively navigate the stormy seas of life.
Burr, W., Klein, S. and Associates, "Reexamining Family Stress, New Theory and Research" Ch.8, 2009)
Smooth sailin ahead Captain!
The following methods build and sustain resilience in families.
Remember this Matey...
- Hamilton McCubbin & Joan Patterson
- Hamilton McCubbin & Joan Patterson
Families don't always manage stress in linear ways.
 Strength through mutual support, collaboration, and commitment
 Respect for individual needs, differences, and boundaries
 Strong leadership: Nurturing, protecting, and guiding children & vulnerable family members
Varied family forms: cooperative parenting/care giving teams households
Couple/co parent relationship: Equal partners
Seeking reconnection, reconciliation of troubled relationships
Forgiving and remembering
(President Ezra Taft Benson [1899–1994], “The Honored Place of Woman,” Ensign, Nov. 1981, 107).
“The crucible is a metaphor for life- changing challenges, adversities, and losses that have a refining effect on a person or an entire family.” - Hawkins
The Gospel of Jesus Christ Expands Our Perspectives:
Source: ("Successful Marriages and Families: Proclamation Principles and Research Perspectives", Ch. 23, Hawkins, Dollahite, & Draper, Eds., 2012)
Feeling sorrow and loss while eventually acknowledging the potential for personal growth, enhancement of family relationships, and the companionship of the Spirit of the Lord.
Life’s experiences are intended to be shared within families.
Though specific physical problems may have common signs and symptoms, individuals and families create their own personal and spiritual meaning from such experiences.
- Individual to Family
- Temporal to Spiritual
Crisis to Crucible
Full transcript