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C英語 22 代名詞1

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李 聖寛

on 29 November 2018

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Transcript of C英語 22 代名詞1

C英語 22 代名詞1
one と it の使い分け
You have a good bicycle.
君はいい自転車を持ってるね
僕も欲しいな
I want it, too.
それをよこせ
I want one, too.
僕も欲しいな
it
= your bicycle
one
= 不特定の
 自転車を一台
it
one
どれか特定して、「それ」
特定なしの、「それ」
そのもの
同種別物
形容詞などで限定される場合
Is this your bag?
---No, mine is____black one.
My bag is black.
---Then whose is____brown one?
冠詞をつける
a
the
形容詞がつく場合は複数形の ones も用いられる
Do you like these flowers, or those red_____?
ones
one / ones は数えられない名詞の代わりには用いない
I prefer hot milk to cold one.
×
cold milk
繰り返しを避けるための that
東京の人口は京都の人口より多い
The population of Tokyo is
larger
than
the population of
Kyoto
「東京の人口」と「京都そのもの」は比較できない
「東京の人口」と「京都の人口」を比較する
that of
繰り返すとくどいので
The population of Tokyo is larger than

that

of
Kyoto.
複数の場合
うさぎの耳は猫より長い
The ears of rabbits are longer than
the cats.
the ears of
those of
The ears of rabbits are longer than

those of
cats.
those の用法
後ろから修飾を受け 「〜な人々」
Success comes to those who work hard.
よく頑張る人たち
those people
Those present were impressed by his speech.
=those who are present
「出席者」
present
限定用法で「現在の」 叙述用法で「出席している」
Who is the present mayor?
現在の
He was present at the party.
出席している
The present mayor was present at the party.
現在の市長はパーティに出席していた。
限定的に「出席している」と言いたい場合は後置する
Those present were impressed by his speech.
日本人の結論はそのようなやり方でなされる
are different from
those
of some other Asian
countries.
= the decisions
the cars
the population
as such
そのようなものとして
Those present
出席者
a

形容詞

one
同種別物
どのお金か
他のお金と区別
形容詞
数えられない
修飾
quite different form
the United States
the educational system
that of
End
Kiyohiro Lee
形容詞などがつかない場合、 onesは用いない
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