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Period 1 & 2 Review

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by

Uma Cervantes

on 4 June 2015

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Transcript of Period 1 & 2 Review

600 BCE
600 CE
Precivilization
Period 1 & 2 Review
Neolithic Revolution
Civilizations
Nomadic Pastorialism
Increase in Population
Transportation
Cities/Ability to sustain a settled area
Specialization of labor
Gender roles
River Vallies
Indus River Valley- (2500 BCE)
Mesopotamia
Ziggurats
Monuments for worship
Frequent changes in empire
Patriarchal
Easy to invade
Fertlie land
Hammurabi's Code
Different gods for each city
Slaves were property
Trade with Egypt, Indus River Valley
Persia
Persian Gulf
Limited resources so limited population
Zoroastrianism
No slavery
Corrupt central government
20 provinces
Unstable envrironment
Provinces paid annual tribute
King was worshipped by subjects and nobles
Sattraps in charge of royal courts in each province
Rome
DECLINE-trade levels fell, lack of a strong central government, weak emperors,disease, population loss and invasion
China
Zhou-(1029-258 BCE)
India
Gupta-(320-550 CE)
NEOLITHIC ERAS
PALEOLITHIC-
Homo erectus to homo sapien sapien
End of Ice Age
Simple tool use
"Old Stone"
Growing brain capacity
Erect stature
Speech
Hunting & Gathering
Slow population growth
Migration
NEOLITHIC-
Better tool use
"New Stone Age"
Social Organization
Increase in population
Agriculture
Cities
Ended the Stone Age
Why???
End of the Ice Age
Increasing population
Search for new and reliable food sources
Retreat of large predators
Decline in hunting
Traded with Mesopotamia
Distinct writing and art forms
Reliable flooding
No concrete records
China (Yellow River) Valley-
Generally isolated and limited trade with India
Political oragnization which regulated irrigitation
Advanced technology - writing, music,astronomy, pottery, and horseback riding
Indicators of Civilization
Cities
Political system based on control of defined terrirtory
Specialization of labor
Status distinctions
Monumental building
Record keeping
Long distance trade
Science and arts
Judaism
Math
The wheel
Alphabet/writing
Monarchies and bureaucracies
Calenders, divisions of time
Early mutual relationships
Lasting Impacts
Cities were centers of trade
Later conquered by Babylon
Egypt
Flexible gender roles
Slaves were skilled artisans
Cities were administrative centers
Nile provided irrigiation, transportation and uninterrupted development
Ethnocentric
Scribes-most honored profession
Linked to Mediterranean, Arabia and Europe
Pharaoh-God-King
Peasants mantained public works
Bureaucratic government
Nubia
Cultural, political, ecnomic exhange with Egypt
Used as Egyptian slaves
Intergrated art, architecture, religion and army
Chavin
Olmec
Peru
No written records
Mainly famers
Burial rituals and temples
Art styles
Gulf of Mexico
Agricultural variety
Social stratification
Communication, transportation and trade
Conquered and managed by Egypt, then later by Ethiopia
Greece
Relied on rainfall
Couldn't support large population
Polytheistic
Developed art, science & philosophy
Founded democracy
City-state structure
Imperial power based on many systems
Trade ships operated by private merchants
Only free adult males were involved in politics
1/3 of the population were slaves
Qin-(221-202 BCE)
Han-(202 BCE -220 CE)
Ruled through reginalism, alliances with noble families
Developed concept of Mandate of Heaven
Confucius
Legalism
Started construction of the Great Wall
Organized China into provinces
Simplified taxes and labor service
Established largest, improved bureaucracy
Agricultural society
Education
Population growth
Direct contact with India, Rome and Parthian Empire
DECLINE-frequent invasion, decrease in poilitical infastructure, and feudal imperfectin like the nobles ignroing the government
DECLINE-rebellion and overthrown by peasant leader
DECLINE-invasion by the Huns and weakened central government
Mauryan-(324-184 BCE)
BY Uma Cervantes
\
Unified northern centra India
Hinduism
Controlled trade routes, so luxury goods
Greatest period of political stability
Politically unified Undia
Expanded power and contorl through wealth in mining, agriculture and trade
Spread of Buddhism
Large standing govt.
Invaded by Kushans
Brahmans, Kshatiyas, Vaisyas, Sudras and Untouchables
DECLINE-invasion by Huns in 535 CE and exhausted treasury
DECLINE-after Ashoka's death
(800 BCE-180 CE)
Society divided into patricians and plebians
Large scale administrative capacity
Strong military organixzation
Tolerance forlocal customs and religions
12 Tables(450 BCE)-first code od law and regulated liability, property rights & commerce
Merchants were upper class
Govt. supported official religion
Full transcript