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Why Use ICTs In Special Education?

Three main reasons why we should use ICTs when teaching students with Special Needs
by

Michelle Thompson

on 15 June 2013

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Transcript of Why Use ICTs In Special Education?

1998
525
1600-1700
1829
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9
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c
SCOOTLE:

Year 1 level Science
And one from

ABC Stateline:
This teacher used ICTs to aid his students' learning, by incorporating their interest in possums that were
nesting in the school grounds.





Check out the 5 minute
Possum Magic
video later...

http://tinyurl.com/c27kbd6
THREE MAIN REASONS...
1. Involve

2. Solve

3. Revolve

Why?
How?
REVOLVE
Technology is here to stay, whether we like it or not.
Postman
(1998), describes it as being ecological - once it's mixed, it can't be removed.
Why Use ICTs
In Special Education?


SOLVE

TPaCK is...
Three
Knowledges
Problem-solving
is one of the greatest skills you could help any student acquire.
Read what
NZ Maths
has to say about it later:
http://tinyurl.com/cfay7zo


Although a little old,
Elias and Tobias'
book (1996, p.106) still supports the fact that problem-solving encourages self-efficacy in students with special needs
. Please read it at your leisure:
http://tinyurl.com/c6myyrz
Make it real-world!
Technological
(TK)
ALL THREE
- or TPaCK
Content
(CK)
Pedagogical
(PK)
INVOLVE
Applying
TPaCK principles
when planning lessons can also help your students to get the most out of their learning, and not waste your time teaching!
Credits
Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Stateline program: (2010) Possum Magic video. http://tinyurl.com/c27kbd6
Apple: For fantastic products! http://www.apple.com/
Ashman & Elkins: (2009) Education for inclusion and diversity (3rd ed.) Pearson Education Australia.
Audacity: For free voiceovers. http://audacity.com
Australian Academy of Science: Primary Connections' 5Es framework. http://tinyurl.com/clrc8bc
Barbara Nesbitt: YouTube video "A vision for K-12 students today". http://tinyurl.com/376qyz
BBC Bitesize: "Properties of Materials" interactive resource. http://tinyurl.com/a5oylzo
Bonzo & Parchoma: (2010) "The Paradox of Social Media in Higher Education Institutions". http://tinyurl.com/cdcwume
Canstock: Wheelchair image. http://www.canstockphoto.com/images-photos/wheelchair.html
CConscious TV: RSA animate of Sir Ken Robinson's Changing Paradigms. http://tinyurl.com/446b5tb
Claire Kilbane: Vimeo Clip: TPaCk 101. http://vimeo.com/16291486
David Jones: For inspiration and encouragement of my 3 reasons.
DLO Knowledge: Tessellate Decorate resource. http://tinyurl.com/cwc25kk
Education Queensland: Curriculum 2 Classroom. http://tinyurl.com/catcblo
Elias & Tobias: (1996). Social Problem Solving: Interventions in the schools.
http://tinyurl.com/c6myyrz
Jamendo Music: Freeware song, Delirium Tremens (2011), by Title Here.
http://tinyurl.com/c8ukynp
Ken Robinson: For inspiring educators everywhere!
Learning Place:

Tessellate Decorate. http://www.learningplace.com.au
Michelle Thompson: Screen shots, voice over and original presentation.
Microsoft: All Clip Art pictures. http://tinyurl.com/d6yhvsn
MrWood.com.au: The image of the world being plugged in.
http://tinyurl.com/d4xqgtv
NZ Maths: (2010). "Why Teach Problem-solving?" http://tinyurl.com/cfay7zo
Postman: 1998 Article "Five things we need to know about technology".
http://tinyurl.com/cxbepts
Prezi: For this awesome ICT tool! http://prezi.com/
Scootle: http://www.scootle.edu.au
Siemens: (2004) Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. http://tinyurl.com/cx8n3
Starfall: Sight word matching game. http://tinyurl.com/deq8ql
TimeToast: Dates and images of history of technology http://www.timetoast.com
TinyURL: For shortening my urls! http://tinyurl.com/
TK8 Sticky Notes: http://www.tk8.com/stickynotes/
Twining: (2002). Conceptualising computer use in education: introducing the Computer Practice Framework (CPF).
doi:10.1080/0141192012010977
Critical Thinking
Practice
Remember!
Please Watch
Claire Kilbane's

fantastic 7.5 minute video later for more...
Timeline
By using appropriate tools that
enhance learning, and support
students'
involvement
with the
content.

By planning our lessons in the
correct order.
Twining
(2002)
developed the
Computer Practice
Framework (CPF)
to help.
Did you know that visual support can


increase linguistic and conceptual
development

(Ashman & Elkins,

2009, p.52)?







For instance, are the images in my

Prezi
helping you to understand?
of Assistive Technology
""Public" education has become indoctrination
and distraction". Please view this very interesting 12 minute YouTube clip at your leisure (Sir Ken Robinson speaking).



(CConscious TV)
Could you use this sight word matching game for literacy?
"Curriculum leads, technology supports"
(Ashman & Elkins, p. 186)
.
Australia has
Scootle,
the
Learning Place
and

Curriculum 2 Classroom (C2C).
Teachers login to some
great online learning
resources that are
curriculum-based.
Let's look at one...
It's sourced from
BBC's Bitesize
website.
Click on the link later to have a go!

http://tinyurl.com/a5oylzo

It's great to use, along with hands-on
real-life materials, to support and
reinforce the concept of properties.
...that can be turned off by students who don't need it.
There are differentiated levels of difficulty...
...and now we have mobile phones that can
send instant messages,

play music,

access the internet,

take photos,

record audio and video,
and some can
create images and more.

What will be next? One device for everything?!
...an introduction with audio...
Or this for numeracy?
Take a look later at
DLO Knowledge's
Tessellate Decorate:
http://tinyurl.com/cwc25kk
How many students in your Australian lower primary class have special needs or a learning difficulty? Do you teach in a Special School?
This previous Barbara Nesbitt video still relates to these students.

Social Constructivism
emphasises social learning
(Bonzo & Parchoma, 2010).

Did you know that
Connectivism
claims that learning can come from non-human sources
(Siemens, 2004)?
Technology can
involve
students in the curriculum...
...but also each other and the world, when chosen well!
View it later at
Starfall:
http://tinyurl.com/deq8ql
REVOLVE
has
EVOLVE
in it, and ICTs are
evolving
constantly.

Sir Ken Robinson
has something important to say about the
evolution
and
revolution
of the education system...
The first known image of a wheelchair
Ear trumpets were created
The first iPhone launched 2008
According to TimeToast, the first typewriter was invented for a countess with a vision impairment.
Do these children look like they are
involved
and
problem-solving?


Is the lesson
revolving
around the use of ICTs to learn?
For more information on the
CPF,
read
Google Books
at your
leisure...






http://tinyurl.com/cp8bq4y
[Opens in new window]
Many students with special
needs find iPads (2010)
easier to manipulate
Let's help our students
to be
INVOLVED
and

to
SOLVE,
using ICTs that
REVOLVE
around their
learning!

TO DO LIST
charge phone
online transfer
iTunes
card
BPay phone bill
buy more sticky notes!!
Even
TK8
computer
version!
Thanks to WheelchairNet and the Department of
Rehabilitation Science and Technology (2006).
(Thanks to Bennion's 1979 book: Antique
Medical Instruments)
Long curved cow horns were the first to be used as ear
trumpets to aid in hearing. Some were even made of gold, but later, this conch shell was used. Ear trumpets
were initially long and cumbersome, but have evolved
into hearing aids and cochlear implants now.
Burt's patented machine called the "Typographer" is listed
as the "first typewriter". We now use computers, and people with vision impairments can have operations, wear
glasses, use large fonts and utilise auditory assistance.
(Courtesy of Wikipedia, 2013)
Disability is a natural part of the human experience and in no way
diminishes the right of individuals to...enjoy full inclusion and
integration in the economic, political, social, cultural, and
educational mainstream of society in the United States.

Technology has become one of the primary engines for economic activity, education, and innovation in the [US] Nation, and throughout
the world.
(``Assistive Technology Act of 1998´´).
Without technology, many students could not participate in school.
(Dell, Newton & Petroff, 2007)
Probably the most known assistive technology device, the
wheelchair has aided many person who could not walk for
various reasons.
Full transcript