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Marxism (Fight Club)

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Scott Media-Harrison

on 13 March 2013

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Transcript of Marxism (Fight Club)

Thank you for your attention! And one more thing... They strongly stress that the system was scientific and not philosophical but they can't escape the relm of philosophy. Karl Marx. Beliefs Who came up with Marxism? Marxism What is Marxism? Marxism is a world view of looking at and explaining the world. It encompasses philosophy and religion and vigorously asserting its atheism and contempt for philosophy. Does this remind you of Fight Club at all....? They see inequity and suffering in the world and they want to do something about it They believe only man can be free when the individual is considered valuable and when the root of injustice is removed. Who is he? A philosopher, social scientist, historian and revolutionary who influenced socialist thinking. Karl attended Bonn University, From many expulsions to political writing, Karl found himself in financial ruin Marx found it hard to be hired as a professor because of his beliefs Born in Trier, Germany The year 1843 was important year for Marx His Parents were both rabbis Karl's Life May 5, 1818 (an acient city in Rhineland) His father converted to Protestantism Family didn't appear religious at all (not a single volume on religion theology was in their library) Karl was raised in an atmosphere of religious tolerance (Their was discrimination against Jews in the area he grew up in) Karl went to a religios school ONLY for academics rather than religious training. In college, Karl met and associated with the Young Hegelians A group of Prussian intellectuals who responded to ambiguous legacy. They drew on the idea that the purpose and promise of history was the total negation of everything conducive to restriction of freedom and irrationality to mount radical critiques of first religion . Young Hegelians The Contributors Georg Wilhelm Hegel Douglas Hyde Ludwig Feuerbach Other Contributors
to Marxism (Atheism and his radical views) (Its when he met Frederich Engles for the first time and married Jenny von Westphalen) Frederich Engles is Karls' closest friend, benefactor, callaborator, philosophical, and political "soul-mate". Jenny von Westphalen was Karl's wife. She shared her husbands beliefs. Together they had 7 chidern. Only 4 lived to adulthood. Karl worte two of his early works : "Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Law" and "On the Jewish Question (These books showed his typify thinking at the time) It has been debated wheter Marx was anti-Semitic or only anti-Semitic towards the economic theories. For his Jewish free enterprise and his presupposed atheism had no room for Jewish religion Its also the same year his work "Reinische Zeitung" got Karl and is his wife expelled from Germany. So they moved to Paris ("Reinische Zeitung" was a victum of Prussian censorship) While in Paris, Karl took is political zeal with him and he published "Deutche Franzosische Jahrbucher" in 1844. This publishing of this book caused him an expulsion from Paris. (He moved to Brussels) Karl loved his family but spent a lot of his time on work. His living conditions were described as "deeply humiliating" (The Marxs made many trips to friends and relatives to beg and borrow enough money to pay off debts) Karl made very little profit off his writing and wasnt able to turn away from it. He made his family to endure his struggle. (Karl stated that if he could change anything he wouldn't have gotten married) His financial struggles lasted from 1849-1853 Marx rose to the top of the exiled German movement It wasn't until 1860 when Karl started to
study the works of Charles Darwin. Karl was inspired to Darwin's "Natural Selection" (This book contained the natural history basis of the Marxist philosophy) Marx sent the first volume of "Das Kapital" to Darwin and requested Darwin's permission to dedicate the second volume to him. (Darwin turned Marx down) Das Kapital A book written by Karl Marx. It was written when Karl gained the experience from working at the New York Daily Tribune in 1859 Charles Darwin An English Naturlist who inspired "Atheism" Das Kapital was finally finshed 1867 Marx never got to see his work and dream come to such global prominence, as he died in 1883. He developed a system to explain change. He called it "dialectics" Marx accepted Hegel's process of dialectics. Karl saw a reality as a process that can be understand by the mind and that proceeds by the dialectic of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis Marx rejected Hegel's Spirt-goal, Marx adopted through going materlism instead He helped shaped Marx's ideas about
religion. *Dialectics Is the change and progression that are accomplished through a process of thesis, antithesis, and synthesis He reduced Christianity to man's fulfillment of his desires He created that there is no objective religion, no objective Go and no objective Jesus Christ. That all religious beliefs are subjective and projected from a man's inner needs and desires. He concluded that a man is miserable only exsits because he feels the need to invent God He created the idea that Marxist begin to differentiate between right and wrong, just and unjust, good and bad, to think in terms of spiritual values, the worst has happened so far as his Marxism is concerned How Marxism attacks Christianity: Marxism attacks Christianity by abolishing religion
and promote atheism by these two reasons: 1) Materialism denies the existence of the
supernatural
(GOD) 2) The very structure of this organized religion (atheism) has through the ages condoned and supported the bourgeosis suppression of the proletariat. Christianity Leads to the denial of human worth Serves to degrade the individual by attacking the evil in the society Politics Law Biology The Tree of Marxism Theology Athesim The theory or belief that God doesn't exists Philosophy Dialectical Materialism a way of understanding reality; whether thoughts, emotions, or the material world. (combination of Dialectics and Materialism) Ethics The morality which expresses the class interests of the proletariat (whether or not individual proletarians are conscious of this) PROLETARIAN MORALITY Darwinian- Punctuated Evolution a theory that explains patterns of speciation in the fossil record Psychology Behaviorism A theory that human and animal behavior can be explained in terms of conditioning, without appeal to thoughts or feelings Sociology Abolition of Home, Church, and State Economics determines the nature of society Positive Law customary law or law enacted by governmental authority (Natural Law) New World Order organization of power in which nations tend to cooperate rather than foster conflict. Economics Socialism a theory or system that advocates the vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution, of capital, land, etc., in the community as a whole. History Historical Materialism the doctrine that all forms of social thought, as art or philosophy, and institutions, as the family or the state, develop as a superstructure founded on an economic base; that they reflect the character of economic relations and are altered or modified as a result of class struggles; that each ruling economic class produces the class that will destroy or replace it; and that dialectical necessity requires the eventual withering away of the state and the establishment of a classless society: the body of theory, in dialectical materialism, dealing with historical process and social causation. Christianity vs. Marxism Recognizes that sin, in man, is action perpetrated by personal agents Seeks to change those personal agents through the life-transforming power of God Marxism Marched toward perfection toward the Marxist god Denies the worth and freedom of the individual and cuts at the heart of the gospel message "It was for freedom that Christ set us free, therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to yoke of slavery" Galatians 5:1 Where can you find Marxism? There are still countries in the world today who follow the communist principles laid out by Marxism. Such as China, Cuba, Vietnam and North Korea They both claim Karl Marx as their ideological father! The communist Manifesto Written by Marx and Engels and published in 1848 The works of Marx and Engels went on to inspire Lenin, who eventually became the first leader of The Soviet Union in 1922. So, 'Fight Club'... Task:
You have been given a sheet which lists some of the basic principles of Marxism.

Your task (in pairs), is to present an argument that Fight Club is a Marxist film, OR that it is actually a Capitalist film.

Use the different principles, take each one in turn (1-5), and give an example of a scene or aspect of Fight Club which shows this principle. Some Definitions:
Capitalism7



Bourgoisie


Proletariat

An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit.

The capitalist class who own most of society's wealth and means of production

Workers or working-class people, regarded collectively
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