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Transcript of Environment
By: Ulises Aguilar
Environmental policy refers to the commitment of an organization to the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues and sustainability.
1960- Marked the beginning of modern environmental policy making.
1960- Clean Air Act became effective.
1972 - Clean Water Act
1976 – Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
1976 – Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
1980 – Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Created the Superfund program.
1990 – Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. Set new automobile emissions standards, low-sulfur gas, required Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for toxins, reduction in CFCs.
2005 – Energy Policy Act of 2005
2007 – Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA)
Impact on the American Public
Clean Air Act
In 1970, the Clean Air Act was created and passed by congress to protect public health and the environment by the different types of air pollution.
Clean Water Act
In 1972, Congress passed the Water Pollution Control Act Amendments.
Role of non-government groups
Voluntary Partnerships to Reduce Agricultural Methane Emissions
-The agriculture industry collaborates with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reduce methane emissions through the use of bio gas recovery systems to manage animal waste.The program encourages adoption of anaerobic digestion technology across the U.S. About 200 anaerobic digesters are operating today, reducing over 1 million metric tons of CO2e every year.
Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program (GHGRP)
-.Citizen provide written comments on any proposed rule,information collection requests, and other Federal Register notices and these comments are placed in an electronic docket. EPA responds in writing to each substantive comment and place its responses in the docket.
Current Status of Environmental Policies
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC):
In 1978 NRDC sued EPA to put into effect a National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for lead and also rules for controlling lead emissions in car exhaust. Thus, it resulted in the phase-out of lead from gasoline. NRDC then launches fight against acid rain through lawsuit which cuts sulfur dioxide emissions by a million tons annually.
U.S.-China Climate Change Deal: agreement to reduce drastically greenhouse emissions by the year 2030. China has agreed to reduce its emissions by 20% by year 2030 and the U.S. will reduce 26-28% of its emissions by 2025.
President Richard Nixon signed this act and two decades later the Clean Air Amendments (1990) were passed.
The EPA is ultimately responsible for regulating the set standards that the state and local facilities are required to operate under.
In his October 17, 1972 Statement on Veto, President Nixon complained about the ”staggering, budget wrecking $24 billion” provided for in the bill, and “hope[d], with millions of taxpayers, that at least one third plus one of the members in one House will be responsible enough to vote for the public interest and sustain this veto.”
Like the Clean Air Act(1970), EPA is ultimately responsible for the monitoring and perusing judicial action against set regulations. EPA must inform the state and the facility in advance about their entrance and the state attorney will work along side EPA.
Current policy allows for:
protection of the environment
protection of ecosystems
protection of human health hazards(environmental/man made)
EPA to regulate standards
EPA to pursue violations
A recommendation would be for EPA to do more and thorough inspections. Launching investigations would take time and money but in the long run it will be worth it. Public awareness plays a very important role. EPA and the local governments should also provide community projects and get them involved.