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Timeline of South Korea

By: Stephen Min, Nathan Kim, Samuel Littrell, and David Lee

Stephen Min

on 29 May 2015

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Transcript of Timeline of South Korea

- In 1963, General Park Chung Hee declares martial law, restores political freedom, and establishes the Third Republic

- In 1979, Park is assassinated and Chun Doo-Hwan assumes power

- In 1980, the Fifth republic is made and a new constitution is written

- In 1998, President Kim Dae Jung begins the Sunshine Policy to encourage open relations with North Korea
3000 B.C.
Timeline of South Korea
The First Korean Establishments:
3000 B.C.- 10th Century B.C.
- In 3000 B.C., colonists began to establish settlements in present-day Korea from Central Asia --> this was when humans were first traced back

- In 2333 B.C., a general named Tangun constituted Go-joseon, one of the greatest Korean Empires

-Around the 10th century, the Korean Peninsula falls into a "Bronze Age"

- In 669 B.C., The Silla Dynasty leads to prosperous ages of art.

- In 37 B.C., the Goguryeo Dynasty is established although it overlaps with the Baekje Dynasty

- In 18 B.C., the Baekje Dynasty is officially settled

- In 918, the Goryeo period (dynasty) is started and ends in 1392

- By 1392, the Joseon empire is instituted once the Yi Dynasty begins, and lasts for almost 500 years
Establishment of Independence:
- In 1948, the Republic of Korea is established with U.S. assistance

- In 1950, South Korea declares independence, causing North Korea to invade the South and marks the start of the Korean War

- In 1950, the U.S. joins the Korean War by deploying troops to South Korea

- In 1951, with neither side gaining ground and casualties piling up, North and South Korea begin peace talks

- In 1953, The war ends, and the entire 3 year battle cost over 2 million lives.
- In 1945, Japan surrenders to the Allies during World War II

- At the same time, the 38th parallel is created, affirming the division of North and South Korea

- In 1953, the DMZ or demilitarized zone was agreed to both sides, officially and physically creating a 4 km buffer zone between North and South Korea
Milestones: 1988-2012
- In 1988, Seoul, the capital of South Korea, hosts the Summer Olympics

- In 2000, Kim Dae Jung, the president of that time, becomes the first South Korean to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

- In 2008, Yi So Yeon becomes the first South Korean woman to travel in space

- In 2012, South Korea's first female president, Park Geun Hye, is elected
Governmental Developments and Changes:
Korea's International Relations:
1991- 2012
- In 1991, South Korea joins the United Nations

- In 1992, international relations between China and South Korea were formally settled
U.S. exports are now expected to increase

- In 2007, South Korea and the U.S. agree on a free-trade deal after 10 months of negotiation: "Path to Peace"
- During the 2nd Century B.C., Joseon fell to the Chinese Han Dynasty and stayed under their influence for an ensuing 2,000 years

- From, 1592 to 1598, a Japanese military ruler Hideyoshi Toyotomi leads invasions into Korea

- In 1895, Japan defeats China in the Sino-Japanese War, ending China's influence over Korea

-In 1904, both the Russians and Japanese campaign for the Korean Peninsula during the one year Russo-Japanese War

- In 1905, the Russo-Japanese War ends, and Japan gains control of Korea from Russia
Advancement of South Korea:
-Over the years, South Korea has made many positive technological and economic advancements such as:

In 1967, Hyundai Motor Company is founded and would eventually become popular in the 2000s with their new models: Genesis, Elantra, and Sonata

In 2009, the Korean-made Samsung smartphone is introduced to the world and would eventually become worldly acknowledged,

In 2012, South Korea halts all oil imports from Iran, becoming the first major Asian economy to do so
Relations Between the Koreas:
- In 2000, President Kim Dae Jung meets with North Korean President, Kim Jong-Il in the capital of North Korea. This is the first meeting between the two countries in over 50 years

- In 2009, South and North Korean warships exchange fire across a disputed sea border

- In 2010, South Korea breaks all diplomatic ties with the North

- In 2015, North Korea fires short-range surface-to-air missiles into the sea, threatening South Korea and the U.S.

Pursuit of Peace: 2007-2010
- In 2007, First meeting of prime ministers between the North and South in 15 years

- In 2010, North Korea accepts South Korean food aid for the first time in 2 years

Several attempts at peace with North Korea are floundered by events such as:

- In 2008, Tensions increase due to the murder of a South Korean woman by a North Korean guard

- In 2010, South Korea investigators claim proof that the South Korean naval ship, Cheonan, was sunk by a North Korean torpedo

37 B.C.
Emperors and Dynasties:
2333 B.C.- 1392
Korea Under Different Rule:
2nd Century-1905
The Split: 1945-1953
The early Korean Dynasties: Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla
In 1945, Soviet troops occupied the North and denoted a communist society

U.S. troops went into the South and denoted a democratic society
- In 2012, South Korea hosts a global conference to discuss nuclear security and peace, while the U.S. and Russia were among attenders, Iran and North Korea did not attend
The Russians and Japanese fighting over Korea in the Russo-Japanese War
The 38th Parallel that separates South
and North Korea
South Korean/US troops under fire during the Korean War
Former President Kim Dae Jung sets up the Sunshine Policy
Current South Korean President and First Female Korean President, Park Geun Hye
South Korean warships in response to North Korea's fire exchange near a disputed sea border
South Korean President (left) with United Nation secretary general (right)
Birds-eye-view of the Korean Peninsula
The South Korean warship, Cheonan that was eventually destroyed by a North Korean warship
The South Korean-made Samsung Galaxy s6 Edge
Modern South Korean City
As of 2015, South Korea is ranked 11th in the world in terms of economy, which shows their extreme economic growth because they were poorer than Iraq and Zimbabwe during the 1960s
By: Stephen Min, Nathan Kim, Samuel Littrell, and David Lee
Emperors and Dynasties Details:
2333 B.C.- 1392 (cont...)
- The Silla Dynasty (668 BC) reunited three existing kingdoms: Baekje, Goguryeo, and Silla

- Confucianism spreads during the Yi Dynasty (1392)

- These dynasties and kingdoms in Korea became vassals of China
This is a classic example of some "ancient" Korean artwork, and as you can kind of notice, it is very similar to what the Chinese had in some ways
Works Cited

- Asia For Educators. "A Timeline of Korean History | Asia for Educators | Columbia University." A Timeline of Korean History | Asia for Educators | Columbia University. Columbia University, n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/timelines/korea_timeline.htm>.
- BBC News. "South Korea - Timeline - BBC News." South Korea- Timeline. N.p., 27 Mar. 2015. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-pacific-15292674>.
- Lambert, Tim. "A BRIEF HISTORY OF KOREA." A Brief History of Korea. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.localhistories.org/korea.html>.
- Maps of World. "Korean Empire." - Ancient History, Civilizations, Timeline and Three Kingdoms of Korea. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.mapsofworld.com/world-ancient-history/korean-empire-map.html>.
- The Metropolitan Museum of Art History. "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Korea, 1900 A.D.–present. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/ht/?period=11&region=eak>.
- Time for Kids. "Around The World." South Korea Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/south-korea/history-timeline>.
- "Timeline South Korea." Timeline South Korea. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.timelines.ws/countries/KOREASOUTH.HTML>.
- World Atlas. "TIMELINE." South Korea Time Line Chronological Timetable of Events. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2015. <http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/southkorea/krtimeln.htm>.
- 복, 이 원. 먼나라 이웃나라. 21 세기 ed. Vol. 9. 경기도: 김영사, 2014.
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