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SMALLPOX; Red Plague

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rashveen kaur

on 25 February 2015

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Transcript of SMALLPOX; Red Plague

What Is Smallpox?
Smallpox is a highly contagious disease resulting in rashes, infections, blisters, puss filled sores, vomiting, headache, fever, and/or red-itchy blotches. There is no real cure for this disease however there are temporary pain relief treatments, and a prevention vaccination.
When did Smallpox take place
?
*dates back to 10,000 BC
*various cases of smallpox were assumed to be found on Ramses V (Egyptian Pharaoh), and on certain dead bodies from this time period
*most recently existed in the 18th Century till the 20th Century
*around the 1970's time period
*Somalia is the last area to be infected with the outbreak in 1977
Where did this begin?
*the disease has two different variations; Variola Minor and Variola Major, both cause highly contagious problems
*studies have proven that smallpox was earliest found in a variety of cities in Egypt
*eventually the virus reached India first (hitting very hard), then many other countries in Asia including China, Japan, North America, Africa, etc.
*smallpox practically spread everywhere, whether it be swamps, ponds, homes, etc.
How did this occur?
*no specific cause of the outbreak has been pinpointed
*the main assumption was that one person had become affected in Egypt somehow, since the virus was highly contagious, it spread to a great deal of people
*More and more people living in small, crowded areas such as villages, or highly populated areas became affected fairly quickly and died from the illness
*It began spreading extremely rapidly, killed off a large number of people, resulting in a Great Notable Epidemic
How long did the Epidemic last?
*overall, the disease has been around for approximately 12,000 years altogether
*most recently, the outbreak existed from the 1970's till 2011
*the virus has been around for a very long time, whether it was effecting large masses of people or just a few individuals
*as of now, the virus has been put to a stop, has been eradicated and so far, no cases has been determined of Smallpox coming back
SMALLPOX;
Red Plague

(2010, November 3). Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/35/Child_with_Smallpox_Bangladesh_edit.jpg

Smallpox. (2014, August 16). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/definition/con-20022769
What treatments are/were
available?
History of Smallpox. (2015, College of Physicians of Philadelphia). Retrieved from http://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/timelines/smallpox

*there has never been a legitimate treatment used for curing smallpox
*the basic treatments were focused on relieving the simplest symptoms of smallpox such as dehydration, respiratory infections, etc.
*treatment does not exist now either, however we do have vaccinations to prevent people from getting smallpox
By: Rashveen, Ciara, Sophia and Manreet
Early Victims. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-diseases/smallpox-article/

Fenn, E. (2003, August 8). The Great Smallpox Epidemic. Retrieved from http://www.historytoday.com/elizabeth-fenn/great-smallpox-epidemic
(2012, October 1). Retrieved from http://www.infoplease.com/cig/dangerous-diseases-epidemics/smallpox-12000-years-terror.html

Perlin, D. (2002). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Dangerous Diseases and Epidemics.

How did Smallpox spread?
Perlin, D. (2002). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Dangerous Diseases and Epidemics.

(2011, October 1). Retrieved from https://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/communicable/smallpox/fact_sheet

*smallpox spreads extremely quickly and with a lot of ease
*various modes of transmission include: Airborne, Droplets-sneezing/coughing/ snot, Indirect contact-infected person contaminating an object, Direct contact- prolonged face to face contact with an infected person.
Who became infected?
*ABSOLUTELY EVERYONE
*age, race, gender, etc. had absolutely no effect on whom smallpox would attack next
*practically anyone who was exposed to the virus, whether direct or indirect, would then take in the virus and become infected with the disease

How is Smallpox Spread? (2004, July 23). Retrieved from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ep-mu/smallpox-eng.php
Symptoms
Was treatment affective?
*fever, malaise, headache, prostration, severe back pain, and sometimes abdominal pain and vomiting
*Body temperature falls and rash appears
*Spots become filled with fluid and pus, which form a crust that dries up and falls off
Diseases and Conditions Smallpox. (2014, August 16). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/prevention/con-20022769
*no one knew how so many people were being so rapidly infected so creating treatment was almost impossible in this time frame
*temporary treatment for fever, sore throat, cough, infections, etc. were extremely helpful for the a short period of time
*regardless of the temporary relief, everyone who became infected with smallpox ended up dying from the disease due to lack of real treatment
Variola Virus Pathogen Safety Data. (2011, February 18). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/variol-eng.php
Frequently asked questions and answers on smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/faq/en/

Smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/topics/smallpox/en/
(n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.druginformation.com/RxDrugs/S/_dosage.smallpox Fig 1.png
How many people died?
'Other' reasons smallpox existed:
Smallpox symptoms - Google Search. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from https://www.google.ca/search?q=smallpox symptoms&newwindow=1&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=vCfpVPO6JIGBgwTRu4FQ&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw=1152&bih=763#imgdii=_&imgrc=FDU8LD9XenNsPM%3A;RQqvXor0fpEfMM;http%3A%2F%2Fsomeinterestingfacts.net%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2013%2F01%2FSmallpox-symptoms.jpg;http%3A%2F%2Fsomeinterestingfacts.net%2Fsmallpox-vaccination%2Fsmallpox-symptoms%2F;460;305

*when smallpox hit India, people believed the Indian Goddess of Disease brought the virus and spread it to humans out of anger with another God

*Native Americans believed the disease was a Bad or Negative Spirit in disguise coming to cause pain to humans that hurt/ abused living animals. This was meant to be punishment and a lesson to prevent harm to animals
*approximately 200-500 million people that became infected with smallpox was killed solely in the 20th century
*the disease killed around 60 million Europeans and Africans in the 18th century
*20-60% of the world's population was infected then died, about 80% of these people were young children and infants
*almost every corner of the Earth was hit with the disease and due to it being highly contagious, a very large number of people died, everywhere who became infected ultimately died (while no real treatment was available)

The Day of Shitala Devi. (2015, February 19). Retrieved from http://www.omashram.com/news/78-the-day-of-shitala-devi
Flight, C. (2011, February 17). Smallpox: Eradicating the Scourge. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/smallpox_01.shtml
Smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/symptoms/con-20022769

What can be done to protect people from smallpox?
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*Doctors, health workers and hospital personnel been trained to identify diseases, verify diagnosis, and respond
*Public health system would be mobilized to trace contacts of infected person and vaccinate them

Frequently asked questions and answers on smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/faq/en/

How serious is the smallpox threat?
* Release of smallpox as a epidemic release is a remote possibility
*Classified as Category A

Questions and Answers About Smallpox Disease. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/faq/smallpox_disease.asp

Why are people worried?
*Smallpox may spread again
* The disease is being held in laboratories
*Terrorists may try to get their hands on it
Dowshen, S. (2013, January 1). Smallpox. Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://kidshealth.org/teen/infections/skin_rashes/smallpox.html#

Videos on Smallpox
More about Smallpox
*Severe forms of this disease affect pregnant women and people with impaired immune systems
*People who recover from disease usually get scars & may have complications
*Speed of smallpox transmission slow
*Patients spread disease mainly to household members or friends
Frequently asked questions and answers on smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/faq/en/

Smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/complications/con-20022769

Smallpox. (2014, August 16). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/definition/con-20022769
History of Smallpox. (2015, College of Physicians of Philadelphia). Retrieved from http://www.historyofvaccines.org/content/timelines/smallpox
Early Victims. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-diseases/smallpox-article/
Fenn, E. (2003, August 8). The Great Smallpox Epidemic. Retrieved from http://www.historytoday.com/elizabeth-fenn/great-smallpox-epidemic
(2012, October 1). Retrieved from http://www.infoplease.com/cig/dangerous-diseases-epidemics/smallpox-12000-years-terror.html
Perlin, D. (2002). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Dangerous Diseases and Epidemics
(2011, October 1). Retrieved from https://www.health.ny.gov/diseases/communicable/smallpox/fact_sheet
How is Smallpox Spread? (2004, July 23). Retrieved from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ep-mu/smallpox-eng.php
Smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/symptoms/con-20022769
Frequently asked questions and answers on smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/faq/en/
Smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/topics/smallpox/en/
Smallpox symptoms - Google Search. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from https://www.google.ca/search?q=smallpox symptoms&newwindow=1&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=vCfpVPO6JIGBgwTRu4FQ&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw=1152&bih=763#imgdii=_&imgrc=FDU8LD9XenNsPM%3A;RQqvXor0fpEfMM;http%3A%2F%2Fsomeinterestingfacts.net%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2013%2F01%2FSmallpox-symptoms.jpg;http%3A%2F%2Fsomeinterestingfacts.net%2Fsmallpox-vaccination%2Fsmallpox-symptoms%2F;460;305
(n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.druginformation.com/RxDrugs/S/_dosage.smallpox Fig 1.png
Flight, C. (2011, February 17). Smallpox: Eradicating the Scourge. Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/empire_seapower/smallpox_01.shtml
Diseases and Conditions Smallpox. (2014, August 16). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/prevention/con-20022769
Variola Virus Pathogen Safety Data. (2011, February 18). Retrieved February 21, 2015, from http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/variol-eng.php
Perlin, D. (2002). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Dangerous Diseases and Epidemics.
The Day of Shitala Devi. (2015, February 19). Retrieved from http://www.omashram.com/news/78-the-day-of-shitala-devi
Frequently asked questions and answers on smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/faq/en/
Questions and Answers About Smallpox Disease. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/faq/smallpox_disease.asp
Dowshen, S. (2013, January 1). Smallpox. Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://kidshealth.org/teen/infections/skin_rashes/smallpox.html#
Frequently asked questions and answers on smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.who.int/csr/disease/smallpox/faq/en/
Smallpox. (n.d.). Retrieved February 22, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/smallpox/basics/complications/con-20022769
Brown, A. (2012, June 22). Retrieved from
Alexeder, L. (2007, September 30). Retrieved from
References
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