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TYPES (GENRES) OF READING

Consider the following abridged list of common genres...
by

ana leon murillo

on 5 November 2012

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Transcript of TYPES (GENRES) OF READING

Academic readig
General
interest
articles
Technical reports, professional journal articles
Reference
material

Textbooks,
theses Essays,
paper

Test directions Each type or genre of written text has its own set of geverning rules and conventions. A reader must be able to anticipate those conventions in order to process meaning efficiently. With an extraordinary number of genres present in any literate culture, the reader´s ability to process texts must be very sophisticated. Consider the following abridged list of common genres, wich ultimately form part of the specifications for assessments of reading ability. TYPES (GENRES) OF READING ASSESSING READING Some principal strategies in reading a text.

Identify your purpose in reading a text
Apply spelling rules and conventions for bottom-up decoding.
Use lexical analysis (prefixes, roots, suffixes, etc.) to determine meaning.
Guess at meaning (of words, idioms, etc.) when you aren´t certain.
Skim the text for the gist and for main ideas.
Scan the text for specific information (names, dates, key words).
Use silent reading techniques for rapid processing.
Use marginal notes, outlines, charts, or semantic maps for understanding and retaining information.
Distinguish between literal and implied meanings.
Capitalize on discourse markers to process relationships. Macroskills
8. Recognize the rhetorical forms of written discourse and their significance for interpretation.
9. Recognize the communicative functions of written texs, according to form and purpose.
10. Infer context that is not explicit by using background knowledge.
11. From described events, ideas, etc., infer links and connections between events, deduce causesand effects, and detect such relations as main idea, supporting idea, new information, given information, generalization, and exemplification.
12. Distinguish between literal and implied meanings.
13. Detect culturally specific references and interpret them in a context of the appropriate cultural schemata.
Developed and use a battery of reading strategies, such as scanning and skimming, detecting discourse markers, guessing the meaning of words from context, and activating schemata for the interpretation of texts. 3. Personal Reading

Newspapers and magazines
Letters, emails, greeting cards, invitations
Messages, notes, list
Schedules
Recipes, menus, maps calendars
Advertisements
Novels, short stories, jokes, drama, poetry
Financial documents
Forms, questionnaires, medical reports, immigration ducuments, comic strips, cartoons. 2. job-related reading
Messages
Letters/mails
Memos
Reports
Schedules, labels, signs, announcements
forms, applications, questionnaires
Financial documents
Directories
Manuals, directions Academic readig

General interest articles
Technical reports, professional journal articles
Reference material
Textbooks, theses
Essays, paper
Test directions
Editorials and opinion writing GENRES OF READING Each type or genre of written text has its own set of geverning rules and conventions. A reader must be able to anticipate those conventions in order to process meaning efficiently. With an extraordinary number of genres present in any literate culture, the reader´s ability to process texts must be very sophisticated. Consider the following abridged list of common genres, wich ultimately form part of the specifications for assessments of reading ability. TYPES (GENRES) OF READING ASSESSING READING Microskills
Discriminate among the distinctive graphemes and orthographic patterns of English.
Retain chunks of language of different lengths in short-term memory.
Process writing at an efficient rate of speed to suit the purpose.
Recognize a core of words, and interpret word order patterns and their significance.
Recognize grammatical word classes (nouns, verbs, etc.), systems (e.g., tense, agreement, pluralization), patterns, rules and elliptical forms.
Recognize that a particular meaning may be expressed in different grammatical forms.
Recognize cohesive devices in written discourse and their role in signaling the relationship between and among clauses. Micro-and macroskills for reading comprehension. Aside from attending to genres of text, the skills and strategies for accomplishing reading emerge as a crucial consideration in the assessment of reading ability. The micro-and macroskills below represent the spectrum of possibilities for objectives in the assessment of reading comprehension. MICROSKILLS, MACROSKILLS, AND STRATEGIES FOR READING
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