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Transcript of Islam
Born in 570 A.D.
He married a widow while in his twenties named Khadijah
Traveled around the world
While meditating in a cave he heard the voice of the Angel Gabriel
Muhammad was ordered to utter the words which proclaim God the Creator of man and the Source of all knowledge.
He proclaimed the revelations he experienced to the weak and poor people.
His following grew to include even the wealthy and powerful men.
The Qur'an and Hadith summarize Islam's teachings
112:1-4 (Asad) SAY: "He is the One God: God the Eternal... there is nothing that could be compared with Him."
Pray 5 times per day
Rakat: Cycles of movement within each prayer; the number of Rakats increases as the day goes on
Perception in American Society
1. In general, do you feel that Muslims live more in accordance with their religion’s teachings than Christians do? If so, why do you think this may be?
2. Does having a strong faith in anything, whether this be religion, political policy, philosophy, or some other aspect of life, inevitably lead to close-mindedness? Why or why not?
1. Does requesting aid or guidance from a higher power indicate weakness in a person, or strength? Why?
2. Do you think Muslims rely too heavily on prayer? Where does one draw the line between asking for help and going out and solving problems by one’s own means?
1. Do you believe that charity is really that essential to shaping an individual’s self identity as Muslims believe it to be? Or is the value that society/religion places on it just a thinly veiled attempt to keep up appearances? Why or why not?
2. Should religious institutions play a role in funding charitable institutions? Or should the opportunity to do so be completely secularized?
1. How different do you think our society would be if Christmas, much like Ramadan, was based solely on religion and not on personal gain? Do you think it would still be popular? Why or why not?
2. Do you think Islams’ stringent rules about diet and dress code detract unnecessarily from its teachings? Are they necessary? Or do they make the religion unapproachable?
1. Do you think that the international gathering at Mecca makes Muslims more secure in their faith? Why or why not?
2. Do you think having a similar international gathering through other religions, or even through society as a whole, would have a similar impact? Why or why not?
- Sunni Islam
- Shi'a Islam
24:31 "And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment..."
1. Muharram - "forbidden" - battle was set aside (haram) during this month.
2. Safar - "void" - pagan Arabs houses were empty this time of year and had to gather food
3. Rabi' I - "the first spring"
4. Rabi' II - "the second (or last) spring"
5. Jumada I - "the first month of parched land"
6. Jumada II - "the second (or last) month of parched land"
7. Rajab - "respect" or "honor" - another sacred month.
8. Sha'ban - "scattered" - marking the time of year when Arab tribes dispersed to find water.
9. Ramadan - "scorched" - referring to the month-long fasting.
10. Shawwal - "raised" - as camels normally would be calves.
11. Dhu al-Qa'da - "the one of truce", another sacred month.
12. Dhu al-Hijja - "the one of pilgrimage"