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Learning Art Project: Central Dogma of Biology

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Jonathan Pelc

on 5 December 2012

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Transcript of Learning Art Project: Central Dogma of Biology

DNA RNA Protein The Central Dogma of Biology The building blocks of life. Contains the genetic information of life
Composed of a double helix Composed of 4 bases
Genes are sections of DNA that code for a protein
DNA is kept safe in the nucleus of the cell. Transcription Translation Replication The intermediate between DNA and protein. The end product of DNA, the stuff that actually does things. Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell Membrane RNA RNA Nuclear Membrane Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Nuclear Membrane Protein Contains the message to be sent
Composed of one helix Contains the product of the message
Has immense variability of shapes
Made of amino acids (peptides) bound together in a chain
Basically are the reason we currently exist Performed in the nucleus of the cell
Utilizes DNA Helicase, DNA Polymerase, and DNA Ligase to do this process.
DNA Helicase separates the strands
DNA Polymerase adds new nucleotides
DNA Ligase stitches new strands together How you make more DNA in your body. How you turn information into a concrete message. http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/organic/imgorg/transcbub3.gif http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/basics/dna http://library.thinkquest.org/C006188/basics/replication.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Difference_DNA_RNA-EN.svg Occurs within the nucleus
Orchestrated by DNA Helicase, RNA Polymerase.
RNA polymerase binds to a promoter region, and from there the mRNA transcript is made. How the message is made into a product. http://palaeos.info/eukarya/glossary/glossaryS.htm Immunoglobulin
(antibody) Hemoglobin
(iron metalloprotein) Insulin
(hormone) Adenylate Kinase
(kinase) Glutamine Synthetase
(aa enzyme) Occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell in ribosomes (made of rRNA)
The mRNA message is read by the ribosome, and tRNA molecules bring over corresponding amino acids to the mRNA-ribosome complex Messenger RNA (mRNA) actually contains a protein message
Transfer RNA (tRNA) transports amino acids
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) makes up the ribosome The underlying principal for all of modern biology and you. DNA Nucleus Cytoplasm Cell Membrane Nuclear Membrane Questions? "A wise man can learn more from a foolish question than a fool can learn from a wise answer. "
-Bruce Lee, I am assuming while punching a man in the face http://www.usadojo.com/articles/quotes/bruce-lee-quotes.htm If you have any technical questions you can also email me at: jjp08645@sjfc.edu
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