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Teaching Poetry

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talha memon

on 24 April 2013

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Transcript of Teaching Poetry

P O E TR Y Four Major American Poets Teachers:
Lizbeth, Talha, Francisco,
Patrick & Maynor Robert Frost Sylvia Plath *Sylvia Plath was born on October 27, 1932.

*In 1940, Plath's father passed away which influenced many of her works, including the poem "Daddy"

She wanted to succeed and do hr best .

*Her first national publication was in Christian Science Monitor which was done after she graduated High school in 1950.

etween 1960 and 62 she gave birth to two of her children Frieda and Nicholas.
onFebruary 11, 1963, Plath committed suicide using a gas oven.

Most of her poems are violent or disturbed imagery. But not " You're" Emily Dickinson facts *Born December 10th, 1830 in Amherst, Massachusetts

*Dickinson grew up in a Christian environment.

*By the time she reached her late twenties, Emily rarely left her house so she could write poetry at home.

*Emily died at the age of 55 of Bright's disease.

*After Dickinson passed away, her sister discovered 1000's of her sister's poems. She published them into three different series.. the road not taken Your'e Emily Dickinson Poems Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul,
And sings the tune--without the words,
And never stops at all,

And sweetest in the gale is heard;
And sore must be the storm
That could abash the little bird
That kept so many warm.

I've heard it in the chillest land,
And on the strangest sea;
Yet, never, in extremity,
It asked a crumb of me. Hope is the Thing with Feathers Langston Hughes (1902-1967) The Red Wings
Allusion comes from the verb “allude” which means “to refer to”

A figure of speech that makes a reference to, or a representation of, people, places, events, literary work, myths, or works of art, either directly or by implication You're Symbolism: When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else. American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist
Known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance
His first published work was in a newspaper called The Crisis in the form of a poem called "The Negro Speaks of Rivers"
Strived for equality and encouraged racial consciousness (i.e. 'proud to be black') HARLEM What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?
Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.

Or does it explode? Symbolism in Harlem Grapes losing water are a symbol for lost dreams (a dream deferred)

The deferred dream is like a sore because it causes pain that doesn't go away immediately

This line connects with the previous line; As a wound gets worse, it starts to smell bad

This line represents the false image we create for ourselves after giving up on our dreams The dream deferred is now being compared to an aging person. As they grow old and die, they sag and move slower. The dream sags because we grow tired and lose hope

This is the final image Hughes leaves the reader. Eventually, a person with a dream will no longer be able to defer it and it will "explode" and be realized. A DEATH BLOW IS A LIFE BLOW TO SOME

A Death blow is a Life blow to Some
Who till they died, did not alive become—
Who had they lived, had died but when
They died, Vitality begun. Interpretations

This can be interpreted as the hope that someone you hold a grudge on is to die. You feel enough hatred towards that person that you cannot stand being with them. This can be compared to an abusive husband, or a wife who you no longer care about.

This may also be interpreted as the desire to go to heaven. Some who are religious believe if you die, you will go to heaven for your faith on earth.

One final interpretation is simply the desire to end one’s life, or suicide. They have become sick of the life they live so they believe that in order to console themselves, they must commit suicide. Clownlike, happiest on your hands,
Feet to the stars, and moon-skulled,
Gilled like a fish. A common-sense
Thumbs-down on the dodo's mode.
Wrapped up in yourself like a spool,
Trawling your dark, as owls do.
Mute as a turnip from the Fourth
Of July to All Fools' Day,
O high-riser, my little loaf.

Vague as fog and looked for like mail.
Farther off than Australia.
Bent-backed Atlas, our traveled prawn.
Snug as a bud and at home
Like a sprat in a pickle jug.
A creel of eels, all ripples.
Jumpy as a Mexican bean.
Right, like a well-done sum.
A clean slate, with your own face on. You're 125th Street by Langston Hughes "a face like a slice of melon" One of the most popular and critically respected American poets of his generation, Robert Lee Frost was honored frequently during his lifetime, receiving four Pulitzer Prizes for Poetry. He was born in San Francisco, California on March 26, 1874. He is known for many poems such as the road not taken, the boys will, and north of Boston. He was praised for writing brilliant pieces on ordinary mens actions and providing the seriousness and honesty in his poems which gave him Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;

Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim
Because it was grassy and wanted wear,
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,

And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I marked the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way
I doubted if I should ever come back.

I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I,
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference. "A Fiery Red Inferno"
Poetry is the most emotionally charged means of written expression and it consists of words arranged in patterns of sound and imagery to spark an emotional, and intellectual, response from us.

Poetry is the language of the imagination, of feelings, of emotional self-expression, of high art.

The language in poetry is musical, precise, memorable, and magical. Reference to Home Alone Reference to What? Topics Poetry
Allusion
Symbolism

Important Poets
Robert Frost
Langston Hughes
Emily Dickinson
Sylvia Plath Allusion What is Poetry? Emily Dickinson First we are going to look at the form. Most poetry will be done either in a free form or in a specialized cultural form, such as a haiku or a sonnet. Knowing the difference between these will also give you a hint into understanding what the poem is about. You can tell the form by looking at where the rhymes are or aren't, as well as how long the poem is. For example, a haiku will only be three lines long, a sonnet will be 14 lines long and free form will take up as much room as it wants without any rhymes. When analyzing a poem it is a good idea to read it multiple times. This allows you to go through the poem and start analyzing what the author is trying to say. You can start breaking down the poem by comparing the end to the beginning. Most likely the end thought is going to be what the author is trying to convey and will coincide with the theme of the poems. Next find the breaking point. Towards the middle or end of a poem is a turnaround point. This is the point where the story, ideas, thoughts or descriptions will change in order to get to the point at the end of the poem. For sonnets, this will be in the last two lines. For haiku, the middle line is always the turning point. For free form, you can find the turning point anywhere from the middle to the end. Break it down even more. Once you know the breaking point, you can find how the poem shifts from one point to the next. Start doing this by finding the major thought in each of the stanzas or paragraphs. From this, look even closer at the literary techniques being used. Find the symbols and allusions that point out ideas or a thing. Keep an eye out for the different types of descriptions in each line and how this relates to the end of the poem, the beginning and the turning point. Put it back together. By this time, you should have an idea of the individual lines and what they mean. From here, you can put the form back together and truly understand what the author is trying to say, from the beginning to the end of the poem. Analyzing and Breaking Down Poetry "The bold red white and blue" "A beacon of hope to a child's nightmare" Different Types of
Symbols Contextual:
Derive their meanings from the context and circumstances of individual works. Cultural:
Drawn from history and custom (Religious symbols): lamb, Eden, blood, water, bread, etc. Universal:
Nature, springtime, morning signify: beginnings, growth, hope, optimism and love. “He was a real Romeo with the ladies.” Romeo was a character in Shakespeare’s play, Romeo and Juliet, and was very romantic in expressing his love for Juliet. “It is raining so hard, I hope it doesn’t rain for 40 days and 40 nights.” This makes a reference to the biblical story of Noah and the ark he built. He was told by God that it would rain for 40 days and 40 nights and flood the land. More Examples of Allusion "You're" what it means The mommy is overjoyed that she is pregnant and cannot wait until she holds her baby for the first time.

She believes that her unborn child will achieve all his/her dream and that they will come true no matter hat they are.

Gilled like a fish just means that her baby is in her tummy living in the dark like owls
And that the baby is a warm cozy place.

Her little loaf is still her unborn baby, maybe referring to it as others would a "bun in the oven" Which means that the baby is growing and getting stronger.

Snug as a bud is how the mommy thinks that baby is feeling.
And she is very happy because her baby is happy and she can tell because she describes him or her as Jumpy s a Mexican Bean so excited.

A clean slate with your face on it well all are mommyies ad daddies work hard to be tthe best they an be and when they face trouble they fight and fight so you may not have to. they see themsevles in you as does this mommy to be. Langston Hughes
Emily Dickinson
Sylvia Plath
Robert Frost
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