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Scientific Writing& Components of Research Paper

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by

Gehad El Ashal

on 27 October 2016

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Transcript of Scientific Writing& Components of Research Paper

SCIENTIFIC WRITING$

COMPONENTS OF Research PAPER

Learning Objectives:
1-

What is Scientific ?!
2- Why Scientific Writing ?!
3-How to Be a Good Writer ?! & Why ?!
3- Structure of Biomedical Research Paper
4- Steps of Writing Process.
5- Recommended Order for Writing an original Manuscript.
5- Scientific Writing Rules.
6- Publishing.
What is Scientific ?!
Coherent
Structured
Scientific Style
No Mistakes
Scientist Seeks to disprove !!
Why Writing ?!
1- Communicate opinions and facts.
2- Shape believes and public.
3- Understanding.
4- Gain perspective on a problem
5- Record or remember.
Good Writing communicates an idea clearly and effectively.
What Makes a Good Writer ?!
Have an Idea
Learn-able
Logical thinking
Reasons to be a good writer:
Structure of Research paper:
Abstract
Text "IMRaD"
References
Appendices
- Introduction
- Methodology
- Result
- Discussion
Introduction

What we know.
what we don't know.
The aim.
Methodology
1-Design.
2- Setting (Where).
3- time (when).
4- Population.
5- Sample Size.
6- Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria.
7- Intervention.
8- Outcome Measurement.
9- Data collection and Data Entry.
10- Statistical Analysis.
Results
The most
IMPORTANT
part in your paper,,, The
ANSWER to the AIM
your research paper.
- Details of the study sample.
- Univariate analysis (Aim of your Study).
- Bivariate Analysis.
- Multivariate Analysis.
- Figures, Charts and Tables.
Discussion
1- Interpretation of the findings.
2- Significance of the results "Statistical&Clinical".
3- How much the result support or oppose the current literature?.
4- Strength points and Limitations.
5- Generalization.
6- Affection on medical practice.
(How it will add to the current knowledge and change the health care)
7- Impact on future research directions.
8- Conclusion.
Abstract
Structured
Non structured
Introduction or Aim.
Methods.
Results.
Conclusion.

General
Specific
Aim
Introduction:
Methods:
Study Design, Sample size, Where, How, Data analysis and All important measurement techniques.
Results:
- Be deep better than broad.
- And Describe:
Main Findings.
Effect size not P value only.
Key Results in words and numbers.
Conclusion:
Describe the clinical impact.
If there is future research is needed.
-You Can use we and I.
#Use of his/her

>>
Them.
#Negatives.
#Repetition.
#Abbreviations.
Scientific Writing Rules:
Put action in verbs and don't turn verbs to nouns.
Put characters in subjects.
Keep subjects near verbs.
Put new information.
Use active voice. "Subject+Verb+Object".
Use simple, clear and easy words" Non Fogyy writing".

Short Sentences.
Make sure the first and last sentences of paragraph match.
Omit needless words.
Avoid long phrases.
Say what you mean. "Word order and meaning"
Create flow between sentences.
Use common words rather than complex.
Use transition word to begin sentence
"However, in addition, therefore,...."
Don't overuse But or And in starting sentences.
Avoid repetition.
Tips For You:-
Steps of Writing Process:
1- Prewrite "Collection &Outlines".
2- Draft "Collecting Ideas together&Organization".
3- Revision.
4- Edit after feedback.
5- Publishing and Presentation.
Recommended Order for writing an original manuscript:
1- Tables and Figures.
"
Foundation of the Study".
2- Result.
3-Method.
4- Introduction.
5-Discussion.
6-Abstract.
Rules of Numbers:-
What Do You Think ?!!
Data (Is/Are)?!
Random Sample (Is/Are) ?!
Compared to vs Compared with ?!
Affect vs effect ?!
Parallel Sentences:

"Bussel et al is Brilliant, orginal
and will work"!!
TENESE
Introduction:

-Present >> It is known
-Past >> We investigated.
-Past>> Patients were randomized.
-Past for result>> we found
-Present for referring to tables or graph>> table shows.
-Present to answer the research Q and discuss the literature >> Our findings suggests.
-Past to discuss the result.
Methods:
Results:
Discussion:
"Make your Paper ENJOYABLE & ATTRACTIVE"
** Acknowledgment:-

- For Financial Support, Lab, Department, Trainees, Patient clinics and Data collectors, Drug Company.....
- Authorship justification and state of contribution of each author.
** Conflict of Interest.
** References.
** Funding
Publishing
Conferences.
Journals
- Peer Reviewed.
- Predatory.
PUBLISHING
UNIFORM REQUIREMENTS
Title Page.
Abstract.
Text.
Acknowledgment, Conflict of interest, funding.
References.
Tables, Figures.
How to select journal for mission of your manuscript ?!
1- Expert or colleagues.
2- References.
3-Searching PubMed by your keywords.
4- Journal finder tool.

Protocol
Why?!
1- Scientific Integrity.
2- Ethical Approval.
3- Funding.
4- International Registration.
(Clinal trials. gov, PROSPERO,.....)
Numbers less than 10 are words.
Number 10 or more are numbers.
Words not numbers begin a sentence.
Be consistent in lists of numbers.
Numbers less than 1 begins with a zero.
Do not use a space between numbers and its percent sign.
Use one space between No. and its unit.

Gehad Gamal El Ashal.


MBBCh, Kasr Al-Ainy School of Medicine, Cairo University.
Co-Founder of EMRA.
Head of MRS Academy Wave 4" Medical Research Society".
E-mail: Gehadelashal@gmail.com Gehadelashal@yahoo.com

Title & Abstract
Types of The Title:
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