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John Brown Raid
John Browns Raid
on October 16,1859, John brown was a man who led 18 men into a town. The town was called Harper's Ferry. He was there to take ammunition and weapons to arm the slaves in the area and move along the Appalachian Mountains going south. The plan was doomed from the beginning. But he did deepen the divide between the north and south. John Brown and his helpers marched into an unsuspecting Harper s Ferry and seized the federal complex with little resistance. The complex had an armory,arsenal,and a engine house. John Brown then sent patrols into the country. On December 2, 1859, John brown was hung.
On January 1, 1863, Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation which Freed over 4 million slaves immediately. The proclamation also allowed black man into the Union Army and Navy. Over 200,000 black man fought for the Union by the end of the war. The Proclamation was actually issued twice because the first time it did not take effect in the south. Even though the Proclamation said it freed all slaves it only freed 4 million. The proclamation was a huge turning point in the war, turning the fight into a battle for human freedom.
Civil War- Colored Troops
By July 22, 1863, after the emancipation proclamation was signed african americans were finally allowed to fight. It took some encouragement before more and more blacks joined the army with advertisement by Frederick Douglas the numbers grew to approximately 186,000-200,000 blacks that ended up being called "the united states colored troops". The first few infantries were started in new Orleans Louisiana. Even though they were now free to fight the United states colored troops still faced discrimination receiving little federal support and worse equipment than the white infantries. This moment in history was a success for blacks because it show a grow in equality letting blacks in the army.
In February, a man named Dred Scott tried to sue the government for his freedom. He turned to the Supreme Court to get justice for himself. The case was named Scott vs. Sanford. On June 26,1857 Abraham Lincoln spoke at the courthouse in Springfield, Illinois. The case was run by Roger B. Taney who didn’t agree with Scott. Then on March 6,1857 the judges agreed that since Scott was black that he is considered property, Therefore not an American citizen and does not have the right to sue the government. Over months and months of arguing the case was finally over. Scott was then shipped back to the family that owned him, the Blow family. The supreme court overruled Scott with a vote of 7 declaring John Sandford the winner. This event in history was an obstacle for blacks to overcome because if all African Americans want to become free they have to be citizens first. Also it’s an obstacle because even though Dred Scott tried to fight for blacks in the end he only lost.
The Dred Scott Case
Dred Scott case:
John Browns Raid: