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Plato's Allegory of the Cave
Transcript of Plato's Allegory of the Cave
Unconscious assumptions, unquestionable beliefs, and the resistance to change inhibit personal growth.
An idea that is believed to be true without being aware
"When one of the people crossing behind them spoke, they could only suppose that the sound came from the shadow passing before their eyes" (Plato 50).
"Now, if they could talk to one another, would they not suppose that their words referred only to those passing shadows which they saw?" (Plato 50).
"And now he would begin to draw the conclusion that it is the Sun that produces the season and the course of the year and controls everything in the visible world, and moreover is in a way the cause of all that he and his companions used to see" (Plato 51).
Impossible to doubt the acceptance of truth or one's perception of reality.
"In every way, then, such prisoners would recognize as reality nothing but the shadows of those artificial objects" (Plato 50).
"What do you think he would say, if someone told him that what he had formerly seen was meaningless illusion, but now, being somewhat nearer to reality and turned towards real objects, he was getting a truer view?" (Plato 51).
"And if he were forced to look at the firelight itself, would not his eyes ache, so that he would try to escape and turn back to the things which he could see distinctly, convinced that they really were clearer than these objects now being shown to him?" (Plato 51).
Resistance to change:
The unwillingness to differ ones beliefs due to the fear of contrasting beliefs.
"...would he not suffer pain and vexation at such treatment, and, when he had come out into the light, find his eyes so full of its radiance that he could not see a single one of the things that he was not told were real?" (Plato 51).
"...it was worth no one's while even to attempt the accent. If they could lay hands on the man who was trying to set them free and lead them up, they would kill him. Yes they would" (Plato 52).