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Transcript of European Union
Carlos European Union Member States Denmark European Union is a Scandinavian sovereign state in Northern Europe, with two additional overseas constituent countries also forming integral parts of the kingdom: Greenland and the Faroe Islands in the North Atlantic. France Area: 547,030 sq km
Population: 60.4 million
Capital City: Paris
People: 92% French, 3% North African, 2% German, 1% Breton, 2% other (including Provençal, Catalan & Basque)
Languages: French, Catalan, Basque, Breton, Corsican
Religion: 86% Roman Catholic, 8% Muslim, 2% Protestant 1% Jewish, 3% unaffiliated
Type of Government: republic
GDP: US$1.6 trillion
Major Industries: Oil refining, steel, cement, aluminum, agricultural products & foodstuffs (wheat, barley, maize, cheese), luxury goods, chemicals, motor manufacturing, energy products, tourism.
Major Trading Partners: EU (especially Germany, Italy, UK), USA Netherlands The Index for a Sustainable Society (ISS) Report
The Design of the (ISS)
Breakdown of the ISS for the Netherlands
The Top of the ISS List
The Dutch consider the most important Threat for the future (in %) Sweden Its People Switzerland "One for all, all for one" Works Cited http://www.nederlandduurzaam.nl/
SWEDEN.SE - the Official Gateway to Sweden." Sustainability. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2013.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Switzerland Denmark, France, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland Background:
The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three regions.
The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499.
A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government.
Switzerland's neutrality has long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars.
The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors.
However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality. Switzerland People and Society: Ethnic groups:
German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, other 7%
German 63.7%, French 20.4%, Italian 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, other 2.8% (2000 census)
note:German, French, Italian, are all national and official languages
Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, other 18%,
7,925,517 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 95 http://www.nederlandduurzaam.nl/ France Transportation
-Reducing carbon emissions
-Development of the rail freight industry
-High speed rail tracks
-Shuttle boat service
-Green vehicles vs. polluting vehicles
-National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP)
-Toul-Rosieres Solar Park
-“Turn off your lights” Building Industry Agriculture Capital: Copenhagen
Currency: Danish krone
Prime minister: Helle Thorning-Schmidt
Official language: Danish Language
Government: Hereditary monarchy, Constitutional monarchy
Population: 5,574,000 (2011) World Bank Creating a green and sustainable society is one of the key goals for Denmark. More than 20 per cent of Denmark's energy already comes from renewable energy, and the goal is to reach 100 per cent by 2050. Much of the renewable energy comes from wind turbines, where Denmark is a world leader when it comes to developing new technology Denmark Wind Energy Wind is a major industry in Denmark employing around 25,000 people and wind energy supplies more than 25 per cent of the electricity consumed in Denmark. The goal is to reach 50 per cent by 2020 & 100% by 2050 Copenhagen The first carbon neutral capital in the world Mayors, town planners and politicians from all over the world have often visited Copenhagen in recent years to study its bicycle traffic, district heating system or its waste management.
In various respects Copenhagen is a role model for many of the world’s big cities when it comes to sustainable town development.. An ocean of wind turbines - green offshore The Danish offshore industry is busy shifting over from oil and gas to offshore wind. Ten thousand wind turbines are planned to be installed in the North Sea in the years ahead. Bicycle culture The Danish cycling culture is another example of a green and sustainable society and Copenhagen alone has around 400 km of cycle paths, and about 40 per cent of the capital's population commute to work by bicycle.
Copenhagen is world famous for its biking culture and now officially the first Bike City in the World. Last year, it was also voted the ‘Best city for cyclists’ and the ‘World’s most liveable city’. The Nordic cuisine In 2005 the Nordic Council of Ministers initiated the New Nordic Food manifesto as a way of boosting the production and consumption of traditional food products. Tired of the low quality and tasteless yet clinically perfect food that had come to pass for Danish food, the chef Claus Meyer sought answers by studying the history of agricultural production.. Cow dung a source of green energy Traditionally cow dung has been used as a fertilizer, though today dung is collected and used to produce biogas. This gas is rich in methane and is used in rural areas of India/Pakistan and elsewhere to provide a renewable and stable source of electricity. According to the International Energy Agency, bioenergy (biogas and biomass) have the potential to meet more than a quarter of world demand for transportation fuels by 2050. Building the future A newly built day nursery north of Copenhagen invigorates the children with plenty of sunlight and fresh air. It is part of an international experiment to create buildings “that give more than they take” RENOVATING FOR THE FUTURE Buildings are one of the biggest energy users; around 30% to 40% of Denmark’s total energy consumption is used for heating, ventilation and lighting. One of the tasks now is to renovate existing buildings, which can help prevent unnecessary energy waste. Simple and practical things can be checked and enhanced like the windows, the heating system or the insulation of the building. The Danish clean - tech sector, SUNMARK Denmark aims to become the global laboratory for clean-tech solutions. Today there are already close to a thousand companies in Denmark actively working in the clean-tech field, employing 60,000 people. With countries now investing in a low carbon future, the Danes are leading the way with sustainable wind energy and now with large scale solar thermal plant installations. http://video.denmark.dk/video/3436966/welcome-to-the-future Switzerland Economy - overview: Switzerland is a peaceful and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP among the highest in the world.
Switzerland's economy benefits from a highly developed service sector, led by financial services, and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high-technology, knowledge-based production.
Its economic and political stability, transparent legal system, exceptional infrastructure, efficient capital markets, and low corporate tax rates also make Switzerland one of the world's most competitive economies.
Switzerland's economy recovered in 2010 with 3.0% growth. Switzerland is a system of indicators designed to measure progress towards sustainable development. Intended for both the general public and policymakers, MONET provides some 75 regularly updated indicators. The system is based on a series of principles which define the qualitative objectives of sustainable development in the form of concrete requirements. What is sustainable development? The concept of sustainable development we use today was first described in 1987 in the Brundtland Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development.
It is defined as follows: “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Switzerland France Extremely aware of their environmental responsibilities
Have become highly interested in organic foods.
Their interest in organic clothing is also increasing.
Lead in recycling and waste management Slimy Algae a Problem? Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden Algae are a big problem for the Baltic Sea, with algal blooms forming as soon as the water along the Swedish shores gets warm enough for swimming. 10 Resourceful Ways Researchers Found Algae Useful… 1.Batteries
3.Air and water purification
10.Coloring/dye Sustainable Living Sweden is a world leader in managing household waste – 99 percent of refuse is either recycled or used to generate energy.
Sweden ranks first in the EU in consumption of organic foods.
Leads the way in recycling drinks cans and bottles, and gets the highest share of its energy from renewable sources.
According to recent statistics from Swedish recycling company Returpack, Swedes returned an average of 146 cans and bottles per person for deposit.
Swedish fashion retailer H&M is a world leader in using organic cotton.
45 percent of Sweden’s energy supply electricity, district heating and fuel comes from renewable energy. Investing In Green Technology The government has presented a new environmental technology strategy to establish favorable conditions for the growth and development of environmental technology companies using three main objectives. Sweden Sweden’s architects, construction firms, energy companies, city planners, enterprises and politicians are working today to create the sustainable cities of tomorrow.
Better energy supply
Swedish company Plantagon works with urban agriculture and specializes in what is known as vertical cultivation.
Airport City Stockholm
By 2022, a completely new city will have grown up around Stockholm Arlanda Airport. Sustainable cities of the future Sweden Stockholm Royal Seaport 10,000 homes and 30,000 offices will be built by 2025 Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm Sweden The “Hammarby model” has become a tool for environmentally friendly city development around the world. Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands European Union 1. Looking at all of the countries of Europe or the European Assembly that we highlighted and our report what was the overall average rank for the (ISS’s) five categories, 22 indicators of sustainability and global efforts.?
2. What is Denmark using as a source of green energy?
3. Name the three national and official languages in Switzerland? France