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Transcript of Virginia Henderson
"First Lady of Nursing"
Developing Her Theory
Her Theory.... ....In the Nursing World
"Nursing is rooted from the needs of humanity and is founded on the ideal of service"
Principles and Practice of Nursing Applied
To Organ Donation
"Textbook of the Principles and Practice of Nursing"
Built upon and derived from the definition of the profession
“The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to a peaceful death) that the person would perform unaided given the necessary strength, will or knowledge, and to do this in such a way as to help the individual gain independence as rapidly as possible (Henderson, 1960, rev. 1997, p.22).
14 Components of Nursing Care
Eating and drinking
Postures and ambulation
Sleep and rest requirements
Avoiding danger to self and others
Communication, especially associated with needs and feelings
Religious and spiritual activities
The performance of appropriate work activities
Play and recreation
Learning and human developmental activities
Follow physician's orders but assume the LEADERSHIP role of planning and providing basic nursing care.
Emphasized the importance of patient INDEPENDENCE for patient progression.
Methods used to facilitate independence vary from patient to patient and are based on the nurse’s PROFESSIONAL JUDGEMENT.
EMPATHY coupled with knowledge and interest on the part of the nurse will enhance the healing process.
1897- Born in Kansas city, Missouri
1918 - Army School of Nursing in Washington D.C.
1921 - Graduated and became a home-visiting community health nurse working with the Henry Street Settlement in NYC.
1922 - Henderson began teaching nursing
1927 - Henderson begins working on bachelor’s degree and master of arts degree in nursing education at Teachers College at Columbia University
1930-1948 Henderson is a faculty member at Teachers College
1960 - Wrote "Basic Principles of Nursing Care" in response to the International Council of Nurses’ request to define nursing “independently of technology or medicine”
March 19, 1996 Henderson died at the age of 98
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Thorndike's Fundamental Needs of Man
Nightingale's Environmental Theory
Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relationships
What was happening in nursing?