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The History of the Atom
Transcript of The History of the Atom
1st to develop the idea that matter was made of particles called ATOMS.
Greek Word atomos which means "undivisible"
The History of Atomic Theory
over 2000 years go by....
Proposed Atomic Theory
An atom is indivisible, indestructible, tiny sphere.
Determined that elements have unique atomic masses.
Discovered the positively charged nucleus by probing atoms of gold foil with positively charged (alpha) particles.
Proposed Atomic Model with a very small, dense, positively charged nucleus with negatively charged electrons circling around the nucleus.
Proposed an atomic model known as the "plum pudding" model.
Developed atomic model that placed electrons in specific energy levels to explain why they did not spiral toward and collide with the nucleus.
The discovery explained why the mass of an atom could not be attributed entirely to the mass of protons.
Discovery directly led to the development of the atomic bombs used in World War II.
Described electrons as waves with their probable location viewed as a cloud and introduced a mathematical model of the atom.
JJ Thomson's student
Thomson's model predicted that electrons and protons were evenly distributed throughout an atom.
Democritus believed that each type of matter was made from its own unique indivisible small pieces.