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US Imperialism

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Lisa Rocco

on 12 October 2018

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Transcript of US Imperialism

Causes of Imperialism
As European nations were
expanding, the US began
to consider the benefits of IMPERIALISM
Imperialism=the policy by which strong nations extend their political, military, and economic control over weaker territories
Why does the US imperialize?
Most countries did this to obtain
extractive economies...Those that
were used for their natural resources
1. Military Strength: Alfred Mahan believed that
a nation will only be powerful
if their navy is strong, so the
US expanded to find new ports
2. Social Darwinism: This became a way to justify
imperialism because nations
claimed that they were only
expanding to "educate" and
"improve" the lives of the
"lesser" nations, BUT who's to
say that one nation knows
more than the other
3. Manifest Destiny
Many believed in the US it was
our "Manifest Destiny" to expand
to the Pacific Ocean because God
had granted the right and responsibility

Some of our First Moves
1. Commodore Matthew Perry traveled to
with lavish gifts and an entire naval fleet
The US didn't need resources, they needed
MARKETS to trade and sell their goods
Along with some other reasons
This move started a trading
relationship between the US and Japan
2. Secretary of State William Seward buys
from Russia for $7.2million. Many made fun of him
for this purchase (calling it "Seward's Folly") BUT

As a result, the country doubled in size
and the area was rich in oil, lumber, and
other natural resources.
Latin America
became another opportunity
for investment and trade. They started the
First International Pan-American Conference
in 1889.
It was intended to encourage cooperation
and economic trade, but it also caused
tension between the US and Britain
Hawaii Becomes a State
Hawaii had always been a place where
American sugar plantations operated
Wealthy land owners did not like the idea that they had to pay taxes...SO they tried to make Hawaii a state
The current leader of Hawaii, Queen Liliuokalani
was resistant, but she was quickly overthrown
Those now in charge, willingly
accepted Hawaii's annexation
The Spanish-American War
1. Cubans (colony) began to rebel
against Spain (mother country)
>They wanted freedom

2. Yellow journalists began printing
exaggerated stories of what happened
to the Cuban rebels to sell stories
>Americans wanted to help
3. The battleship MAINE that was parked
outside Havana harbor in Cuba exploded.
The Yellow Press claimed it was Spain
>Americans urged President McKinley
to go to war
On April 11, 1898 Congress granted McKinley's request to go to war against Spain
Many Cubans were excited for the
US to help in their revolution, but
worried that the US would just turn
them into a colony like Spain did...
So the US passed the Teller Amendment,
that promised they had no intention of
annexing Cuba
The US was successful with the
help of the Philippines (who also
wanted freedom from Spain)
and the Rough Riders, led
by Teddy Roosevelt, who
helped win key battles
Effects of the War
The war ended with the Treaty of Paris
In this agreement, Spain lost control of
1. Cuba
2. Puerto Rico
3. Guam
Spain also sold the Philippines to the
US for $20 million
Many Americans debated over what to do
with the Philippines....Do we keep them as a
colony until they were able to do it on their
own or should we return them back to Spain?
The Senate agreed to take the Philippines
on as a colony
This angered the Filipino rebels who were
expecting independence for their efforts
John Hay advocated for American
trade in China, rather than carving
out an entire section. This became
known as the Open Door Policy
America wanted to build a canal in
Panama, but since Panama was
controlled by Colombia, it wasn't an
option. To get the canal, the US helped
Panama revolt and free itself from Colombia
Presidential Policies
Roosevelt's "Big Stick" Diplomacy:
As part of this plan, the US depended
on a strong military to achieve America's
Wilson's "Moral" Diplomacy:
Wilson believed in human rights
and that as imperialists the US
should focus on improving the lives
of those living in other countries
Taft's "Dollar" Diplomacy:
Taft believed that the US should
imperialize by investing businesses
in other countries outside the US
For each one, you will be given the explanation only.
Fill in the How/Why box with YOUR OWN THOUGHTS
after you finish researching each Cause
NOW fill in the How/Why box to explain how
these three events lead to war
Write this under Event
2nd Event!
3rd Event!!
4th EVENT!!
Write this under Explanation
5th Event!
Google "sphere of influence"
You've finished the Webquest :) good job - nic!
Now write the homework in your planner....
Read in Ch 9 of your textbook to add to your notes!!!
Full transcript