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Black History 1800's-1900's
Transcript of Black History 1800's-1900's
1802-1804 The Ohio Constitution outlaws slavery. It also prohibits free blacks from voting.
"Ohio Black Code"
1800 Gabriel Prosser
An enslaved African-American blacksmith, organizes a slave. The conspiracy is uncovered and Prosser other rebels are hanged. Virginia's slave laws are consequently tightened.
1808 Federal law prohibiting the importation of African slaves.
1816 The African Methodist Episcopal Church was organized.
1820 The Missouri Compromise bands slavery north of the southern boundary of Missouri.
1831 Nat Turner an enslaved African American preacher, leads the most significant slave uprising in American history. Turner is eventually hanged.
1839 The slaves carried on the Spanish ship, Amistad, took over the vessel and sailed to Long Island. They eventually won their freedom in a case taken to the Supreme Court.
1846 Frederick Douglas lauches his abolitionist newspaper
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey
February 1818-February 20, 1895
"I would unite with anybody to do right, and with nobody to do wrong."
March 1822- March 10, 1913 (93 years old)
"Moses, never lost a passenger."
An enslaved person who sued for his freedom and that of his wife and two daughters in 1857.
"Dred Scott v. Sandford "
1863 President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation declaring "that all
persons held as slaves" within the Confederate states "are and henceforward shall
The Ku Klux Klan is formed in Tennessee by ex-confederates
The Civil War ends April 9th
Lincoln is assassinated April 14th
Slavery in the U.S. is effectively ended when 250,000 slaves in Texas finally receive the news that the Civil War had ended two months earlier June 19.
13th Amendment to the constitution is ratified, prohibiting slavery Dec. 6th.
This is a photograph showing a group of Slaves. The photograph was taken in May, 1862 in Cumberland Landing, Virginia.
A Slave Market in Atlanta, Georgia in 1864
1868 The 14th Amendment to the constitution is ratified, defining citizenship. Individuals born or naturalized in the U.S. are American Citizens, including those born as slaves. This nullifies the Dred Scott case which ruled that blacks were not citizens.
1869 Howard University's law school becomes the country's first black law school.
15th Amendment to the constitution is ratified, giving blacks the right to vote.
1870 Hiram Revels of Mississippi is elected the country's first African American senator.
"Buffalo Soldiers" were established by Congress as the first peacetime all-black regiments in the regular U.S. Army.
Buffalo Soldiers of the 25th Infantry Regiment, 1890
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson
Landmark Supreme Court decision holds that racial segregation is constitutional paving the way for the repressive Jim Crow laws in the South.