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U.S. History - 1930's

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William Mecl

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of U.S. History - 1930's

Born: August 10, 1874,
Term: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933

Herbert was often thought of as a cause of the Great Depression and was not well liked. He thought that the economy could recover simply by citizen cooperative action, and refused to put in government help, even for unemployment checks.
U.S. History - 1930's
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Influential People of the 1930's
Preceded by the Wall Street Crash of 1929, many important and influential events occurred during the 1930's, such as The Dust Bowl, The Great Depression, and the beginning of World War II. Many of these incidents were caused by the Wall Street Crash, which left many people homeless, unemployed, and angry.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Born: January 30th 1885
Term: March 4th 1933 - April 12th 1945

Franklin D. Roosevelt guided the U.S through the
Great Depression and WWII, the only president elected for more than two terms in office. He instituted the New Deal in his first 100 days in office, which was designed to combat the effects of the Great Depression. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, FDR launched an invasion, meant to save China and crush Japan.

Herbert Hoover
Influential Events of the 1930's
Georgia O'Keeffe
Born: November 15, 1887
Occupation: American Modern Artist

Georgia is considered of of the most
influential artists of the 20th Century.
Her work is heavily influenced by her time
at the Chicago School Art Institute, studying
anatomical drawing.
Mary McLeod Bethune
Born: July 10, 1875
Occupation: Educator, Civil Rights Activist

In 1904, Mary founded the Daytona Normal and Industrial
Institute, and the National Council of Negro Women in 1935.
Her expertise as an educator were used by presidents such as
Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Amelia Earhart
Born: July 24th, 1897
Occupation: Author, Aviation Pioneer

In 1932 she became the first woman to fly across the
Atlantic alone. For this achievement she received a
National Geographic Gold Medal from Herbert Hoover,
and the Distinguished Flying Cross from the Congress.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Born: June 8, 1867
Occupation: Architect, Interior Designer

In Franks lifetime, which spanned almost a century, he completed 532 structures and designed over 1000. His four styles of building, Prairie, Textile, Organic and Usonian are still widely used
in modern architechture.
Wall Street Crash of 1929
Although this occurred in 1929, it had a major impact on the 1930's. This decade didn't enjoy the wealth and success of the Roaring Twenties. Consumers weren't buying products, therefore companies weren't making money, causing them to go bankrupt. Banks had also gone bankrupt.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Born: September 24, 1896
Occupation: Writer, Poet

Fitzgerald is widely known as the greatest writer of the 20th Century. He wrote both novels and short stories, including The Great Gatsby, this Side of Paradise, the Ice Palace, and A New Leaf.
He also wrote frequently in the Saturday Evening Post.
The impact of the Wall Street Crash -
1) 12 million people out of work
2) 12,000 people being made unemployed every day
3) 20,000 companies had gone bankrupt
4) 1616 banks had gone bankrupt
5) 1 farmer in 20 evicted
6) 23,000 people committed suicide in one year - the highest ever
Duke Ellington
Born: April 29, 1899
Occupation: Composer, Pianist.

In his lifetime, often collaborating with other composers, he created over 1,000 works. His Jazz Orchestra formed in 1921 and slowly gained popularity by playing at the Cotton Club, and eventually touring Europe in the 1930's. His music has has a huge impact on modern jazz.
Albert Einstein
Born: March 14, 1879
Occupation: Theoretical Physicist

Einstein developed the general theory of relativity,
awarding him the Nobel Prize in Physics. He wrote over 250 sceintific publications, and over 130 non-scientific works.
Clark Gable
Born: February 1, 1901
Occupation: Film Actor

Clark starred in many well known films, such as Gone with the Wind (1939), Mutiny in the Bounty (1935), and It Happened One Night (1934), all of which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor because of, winning one for his role in It Happened One Night. He also features in The Misfits and Manhattan Melodrama.
Art and Music
The Dust Bowl
The Dust Bowl was an area of the Great Plains (southwestern Kansas, Oklahoma panhandle, Texas panhandle, northeastern New Mexico, and southeastern Colorado) that was ravaged in the 1930's by drought and soil erosion. Huge dust storms also swept the land, destroying crops and making the area barely livable. The amount of dust in the air made it difficult to breathe. Things got better in 1939 when the rain returned and conservation efforts had started.
Plagues and Illness
In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the drought relief service, which gave relief checks and food handouts. However, that didn't help the land. Mysterious illnesses began to surface. People could suffocate if they were outside during a dust storm. People became delirious from spitting up dirt and phlegm, a condition they called dust pneumonia or the brown plague. People sometimes died exposure to dust storms, especially children and the elderly.
With no rain or crops, people packed their things and headed west to California to search for work. Some people stayed behind thinking things would get better the next year, but many of them were forced to leave when their homes and businesses were foreclosed. It is estimated that by 1940, 2.5 million people had moved out of the Dust Bowl states.
The Great Depression
Dates: 1929 - early 1940's
The Great Depression
Dates: 1929 - early 1940's
The Great Depression was caused by the Stock Market Crash and it put millions of Americans out of work. It was the beginning of Government involvement in the economy as well as society. After nearly a decade of wealth and success, the United States was thrown into chaos on Black Tuesday, October 29, 1929. As stock prices plummeted, panic struck. Giant crowds of people tried to sell their stock, but nobody was buying because everyone was trying to sell. The stock market, which had appeared to be the quickest way to become rich, quickly became the path to bankruptcy. Dang!
The Great Depression
But that was just the beginning. Since many banks had invested in stocks as well, they were forced to close. Afraid they would lose their own savings, everyone rushed to their bank and took out all their money. This large withdrawal of cash caused additional banks to close. People who didn't get their money in time never got it back since the banks closed.
End of The Great Depression
The major turn-around for the U.S. economy happened after the Pearl Harbor was bombed when the United States entered World War II. Once the U.S. got involved in the war, both people and industry became needed for the war effort. Weapons, artillery, ships, and airplanes were needed. This created jobs. Men were trained to become soldiers. Food needed to be grown for both the country and to send overseas to the soldiers. It was ultimately the entrance of the U.S. into World War II that ended the Great Depression in the United States.
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