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ICB ISRAEL

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by

lior cohen

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of ICB ISRAEL

Israel
Did you know?!
Israel has the 8th longest life expectancy (80.7 years), longer than the UK, US, and Germany
Brief History
Government
Economy
ISRAEL.
Importance of Israel?
The Jewish History
In over >dozen of cases, Israel has helped people facing natural disasters.

Israel sent medicine, water, food and other supplies to Sri Lanka after the tsunami in 2004.

2005, Israel also sent humanitarian aid and equipment to New Orleans for victims of Hurricane Katrina.

2010 After the Haitian earthquake, Israel sent a comprehensive hospital team that set the standard for treating victims of a natural disaster in a speedy and humane manner

since 1959 Israel has had many medical outreach programs.

Kingdom of Egypt
Kingdom of Israel
Assyrian Empire
Babylonian Empire
Persian Empire
Ottoman Empire
Macedonian Empire
Roman/ Byzantine Empire
Sassanid Empire
Caliphate
Saljuk Empire
Crusader Kingdoms
Saladin's Empire
British Colonization

-Israel is a democratic country with a parliamentary democracy. The Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu (in his third term), is the head of the state. Just like the U.S., Israel has three branches of government; Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary.

-Israel also has a president, Shimon Peres (elected in 2007), but the president, unlike the U.S., serves more as "apolitical ceremonial figurehead role" with most of the power in the hands of the Prime Minister. Presidents are elected by the Knesset for one seven year term.

-The Knesset is the legislative branch and elects the Prime Minister and President, passes laws and approves the cabinet (for the Executive branch).

Religions
According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the religious affiliation of the Israeli population in 2011 was:
75.4% Jewish,
16.9% Muslim,
2.1% Christian,
1.7% Druze,
4.0% others



Israel is a home to some holy sites including Jerusalem and the Temple Mount.

"The state of Israel... it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions" (Israel's Declaration of Establishment)
Israel has a technically advanced market economy. Its imports include raw materials, crude oil, and military technology. Its exports include cut diamonds, and high-technology equipment. The Global Financial Crisis of 2008 led to a brief recession in Israel's economy yet it bounced back quicker than most economies of comparable size and type. Israel has many high tech companies but also thriving small firms. In 2010, Israel joined the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). OECD helps government tackle economic challenges of a globalized economy.
Internal Tensions:
some Basic Facts
Israeli Culture
let us take you to a short journey...
Size: 22,072 K² .

Population: 7,707,000
(75.4% Jewish; 20.6% Arab; 4% Other).

Capital: Jerusalem

Formal Languages:
Hebrew, Arabic.

Currency: New Israeli Shekel (1 Euro = 5 NIS).

Climate:
Summer – 35ºC - 45ºC
Winter: 10ºC -20ºC.

Borders: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Mediterranean Sea.
Who conquered the Holy Land?
Jerusalem
*
1,300 BC
Exodus
965 BC
Kingdom of Solomon
First Temple
586 BC
Destruction of First Temple and Babylonian Exile
516 BC
Coming back to Israel and construction of Second Temple
70 AD
Destruction of Second Temple and Rome Exile
1,000-1,200 AD
Crusades
Alhambra Decree and Inquisition
1492 AD
1881 AD
Pogroms in Russia and East Europe
1939-1945 AD
Holocaust
Declaration of State of Israel 1948
May 14 1948, Tel Aviv, Israel
"ALIYA"
Fifth Aliyah
1933 - 1939
Fourth Aliyah
1924 - 1931
second Aliyah
1904 - 1914
Aliyah Bet
1934 - 1948
Third Aliyah
1919 - 1923
First Aliyah
1882 - 1903
The Massive Aliyah
1949 - 1951
The Ethiopian Aliyah
1984 - 2013
Post-Soviet Aliyah
1990 - 2000
Aliya In Our Days
2000 - ......
Israel diverse culture stems from the diversity of the population and religious traditions.

Israel is the only country in the world where life revolves around the Hebrew calendar. work and school holidays are determined by the jewish holidays and the official day of rest is Saturday.

Gay Pared
Beach!!
Falafel
and H'umus ;)
Olive Harvest
Parties!!!
Artists
The legal system-
*
only democracy in the middle east

•Israel's legal system combines three legal traditions:
English common law, civil law, and Jewish law

• Israel has no constitution, only basic laws with prior crimes having a lot of weight.

* Court cases are decided by professional judges rather than juries.

• Family Law: Marriage and divorce are under the jurisdiction of the religious courts

•Israel's Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty.
. Israel is the only country in the region ranked "Free" by Freedom House based on the level of civil liberties and political rights
"Shouk"
IDF- The Israel Defense Forces
IDF Mission: is to protect the existence of the State of Israel and her independence, and to thwart all enemy efforts to disrupt the normal way of life in Israel.

IDF soldiers are obligated to fight, to dedicate all their strength and even sacrifice their lives in order to protect the State of Israel, her citizens and residents.

IDF soldiers will operate according to the IDF values and orders, while adhering to the laws of the state and norms of human dignity, and honoring the values of the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state.
Start-Up Nation
דComputer software

"Quicktionary"- Electronic dictionary

Laser Keyboard

Babylon

ICQ

waze!!
Defense
Uzi, Galil and Tavor

Iron Dome

Wall radar - a unique radar which utilizes Ultra Wide Band (UWB) to allows users to see through walls.
Agriculture
Drip irrigation

Cherry tomato

first electronic milk meter.
Football
Dead Sea
The Dead Sea is the saltiest body of water on Earth!
It's surface and shores are the lowest point on land and it's water is so dense that it takes barely any effort to float.

The Israel- Jordan Peace Treaty in October if 1994, resolved territorial disputes including dividing the Dead Sea in half.

Relative to its population, Israel is the l
argest immigrant-absorbing
nation on earth. It has absorbed 350% of its population in 60 years

The Jerusalem syndrome
is a group of mental phenomena involving the presence of either religiously themed obsessive ideas, delusions or other psychosis-like experiences that are triggered by a visit to the city of Jerusalem.
Since the founding of the state,
Israel has won more Nobel Prices per capital
than any other country other than Switzerland
In 2012, Israel was named the second most educated country in the world according to the OCED
Israel is the only country in history to have revived an unspoken language.
With knowledge of how it's like to be poor, Israel sent experts abroad to teach developing nations skills such as how to upgrade medical facilities, improve schools and coax crops from arid land.
Today
, Israel has one of the most extensive foreign assistance programs in the world for a nation of its size.


Since its establishment-
MASHAV has trained close to
270,000 course participants from approximately 132 countries
State and Religion
Obligatory service for everyone
Costs of living
Cultural differences
Political views
Sudanese refugees
Antisemitism Nowdays
* France - Toulouse attacks
* Australia - 4 jewish attacked
* Odessa - arab-israeli attacked by neo-Nazis.



Antisemitism has increased significantly in Europe since 2000, with significant increases in verbal attacks against Jews and vandalism such as graffiti, fire bombings of Jewish schools, desecration of synagogues and cemeteries. Those incidents took place not only in France and Germany, where antisemitic incidents are the highest in Europe but also in counties like Belgium, Austria and the United Kingdom. In those countries, physical assaults against Jews including beatings, stabbings and other violence, increased markedly, in a number of cases resulting in serious injury and even death. Moreover, the Netherlands and Sweden have also had consistently high rates of antisemitic attacks since 2000
Law Of Return
Israel was founded to provide a national home, safe from persecution, to the Jewish people. Although Israeli law explicitly grants equal civil rights to all citizens regardless of religion, ethnicity, or other heritage, it gives preferential treatment in certain aspects to individuals who fall within the criteria mandated by the Law of Return.

Preferential treatment is given to Jews and their relatives who seek to immigrate to Israel. This serves to increase the Jewish population and provides asylum to people who face religious discrimination in the countries they emigrate from.

Think Again.
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