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Millennium Development Goals
Transcript of Millennium Development Goals
MDG's Eradicating Poverty and Hunger Universal Education Gender Equality Reducing Child Mortality Rates Improving Maternal Health Combating Disease Ensuring Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership Goal: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under 5 mortality rate. By January 2012, women accounted for 19.7% of parliamentarians worldwide. This is nearly a 75% increase since 1995. How are we doing? Fewer people are becoming infected with HIV, with the decline in new infections happening faster in some countries than others. How are we doing? An estimated 287,000 maternal deaths occured in 2010 worldwide, a decline of 47% from 1990. How are we doing? 3. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Goal: To ensure every child will be able to attend and complete a full course of primary school How are we doing? How are we doing? How are we doing? Total enrolment of children of primary school age in sub-Saharan Africa rose by more than two thirds with 43 million more enrolled. In the developing regions, the net enrollment rate for children in primary school age rose from 82% to 90% between 1999 and 2010. Forest area increase in Asia is helping to slow, but not reverse global losses worldwide. The economic crisis pushes down global greenhouse gas emmisions - slightly, and for the short term. Extreme poverty is falling in every region. The proportion of people living on less than $1.25 per day has fallen from 47% in 1990 to 24% in 2008. The world has met the target of halving the proportion of people without access to improved sources of water. 1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day. 2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people. How are we doing? In the developing regions, the mortality rate declined by 35%. Despite population growth, the number of under-five deaths worldwide fell from 12 million in 1990 to 7.6 million in 2010 In 102 out of 129 countries reporting data, girls progress more rapidly to the last grade of primary schhol than boys. The number of births per 1000 women aged 15 to 19 years decreased between 1990 and 2000. Since that time, the rate of decline has slowed or even reversed in most regions. In developing regions overall, the proportion of deliveries attended by skilled health personnel rose from 55% in 1990 to 65% in 2010. Of the 33 countries where new infections have fallen, 22 are in sub-Saharan Africa, the region most affected by the AIDS epidemic. At the end of 2010, an estimated 34 million were living with HIV, up 17% from 2001. The number of people dying from AIDS-related cause fell to 1.8 million in 2010, down from a peal of 2.2 million in the mid-2000's How are we doing? World trade bounced back after the 2008-2009 collapse that accompanied the global financial crisis. We are totes globally partnering! :) ODA fell in 16 of the 23 DAC countries, with the largest cuts recorded in Austria, Belgium, Greece, Japan and Spain. Goal 1: Access to Clean Water Goal 2: Expansion on Human Rights and Diplomacy Goal 3: Medical Treatment and Access to Doctors Goal 4: Eradicate Malaria Net ODA rose by 63% between 2000 and 2010 Over 2.5 times more people lack water than live in the US. More than 3.4 million people die each year from water, sanitation and hygiene related causes. A large reason why death occurs so frequently in developing countries is because they don't have access to a doctor. If more people have the right to vote in developing countries, they would gain more control of their lives and could possibly become more prosperous. In order to do this, we need to get past oppression and corrupt governments. Even if it is not a qualified doctor, if people are taught basic first aid and sanitation, disease and death will be more easily treated. One of the biggest diseases taking the most lives in developing countries is malaria. With more access to basic protection such as mosquito nets and bug repellent, disease rates will slowly become eradicated. Nicaragua is doing relatively well in achieving MDG's related to gender equality and health. Unfortunately is failing to conquer poverty and hunger successfully. Improvement in the first goal, food security, would have a successful domino effect on the other MDG's. Based on what they are doing now, they should be able to achieve half of the MDG's by 2015. Bibliography https://sites.google.com/site/mdpnicaragua/directory www.gapminder.com http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Products/Progress2012/English2012.pdf http://www.endpoverty2015.org/ http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ http://www.sl.undp.org/1_doc/MDG_mid_point.pdf Things not working End Poverty: Some countries are far too slow to reach the goal, in other countries poverty levels have even increased(Colombia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Yemen).
The world experienced a dramatic increase in world commodity prices between 2005 and mid-2008 64% higher.
Gender Equality: Most sampled countries in the Europe and CIS region are off track on gender equality and maternal mortality
Maternal Health:30 countries tested will not reach the Goal ( this was actually the worst performer in the sample).
HIV/Aids: Progress has been uneven: rapid acceleration is vital to bring improved sanitation