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Surviving Love

Promoting Awareness & Prevention of Violence Against Indigenous Women

Taté Walker

on 11 February 2018

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Transcript of Surviving Love

Taino Tortures
Three-fold definition:

1. The dominant culture perpetrates mass trauma on a population in the form of colonialism, slavery, war or genocide.

2. The affected population shows physical and psychological symptoms in response to the trauma.

3. The initial population passes these responses to trauma to subsequent generations, who in turn display similar symptoms.
Historical Trauma
Historical Trauma
The 2013 Violence Against Women Act affirmed tribes’ ability to exercise special domestic violence criminal jurisdiction over non-Natives who commit domestic assault, or engage in dating violence, on tribal lands.
Historical Trauma
Promoting Awareness & Prevention of Violence Against Indigenous Women
By Taté Walker (Mniconjou Lakota)
Photo by Taté Walker
Native women are murdered at 10 times the national average.
One out of every three Native women will be raped in her lifetime.
Physical assaults, stalking, and harassment are more than twice as likely if you’re a Native woman.
39% of Native women experience intimate partner violence in their lifetime, higher than any other race or ethnicity.
80% of perpetrators are non-Native.
Violence Against Native Women
Violence Against Native Women
Violence is a many-headed beast.
Sotero, M. (2006). A Conceptual Model of Historical Trauma: Implications for Public Health Practice and Research.
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 1
(1), 93–108
High rates of addiction, suicide, mental illness, sexual violence and other ills among Native peoples might be influenced by historical trauma.

“Many present-day health disparities can be traced back through epigenetics to a ‘colonial health deficit,’ the result of colonization and its aftermath."
Bonnie Duran (Opelousas/Coushatta)
, associate professor in the Department of Health Services at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Director for Indigenous Health Research at the Indigenous Wellness Research Institute.
AI/AN Health Disparities
from FamiliesUSA.org
Compared to non-Hispanic whites
Boarding Schools
Navajo Long Walk
Cherokee Trail of Tears
Buffalo Slaughter
Wounded Knee
From the Indian Law Resource Center, CDC, Bureau of Justice Statistics (US Department of Justice)
The connotations of the word allow society to absolve itself of blame. The word suggests that the problem is biological, that the problem originated independent of long-­standing oppression, that it has infected our society, twisting human relations. A biological epidemic is not a crisis of human origin; it is the result of the unchecked spread of microscopic viruses and bacteria. ...

Using the word epidemic deflects responsibility because it fails to acknowledge the agency of perpetrators and those who allow the problem to continue. ...

Using the word epidemic to talk about violence in Indian country is to depoliticize rape. It is a fundamental misstatement of the problem. If this book does nothing else, I hope to demonstrate why rape in the lives of Native women is not an epidemic of recent, mysterious origin. Instead, rape is a fundamental result of colonialism, a history of violence reaching back centuries.
An epidemic is a contagious disease;
rape is a crime against humanity.
Educational (Academic) Violence
State/Police Violence
Media Violence
Social Services Violence
Political Violence
Environmental Violence
Violence Related to Healthcare
Tribal police and prosecutors cannot charge a non-Indian with child abuse, abuse of elders or senior citizens, or destruction of property.
They are also unable to charge a perpetrator or abuser who is violent towards responding officers.
Domestic violence cases are very complicated and often involve more than just an abuser and his victim—they can involve the parents of the victims, neighbors, cousins, pets—anyone who happens to be in the home at the time of the assault.
Implementing VAWA to 567+ unique tribes is time-consuming and expensive.
- National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center
Social Services
Loreal Tsingine, 27, was pronounced dead on the scene after a Winslow, Ariz., police officer shot her five times during an altercation on March 27 that began with a reported shoplifting. Officer Austin Shipley, 26, claimed Tsingine presented a substantial threat when she brandished a pair of scissors.
Having ignored the 1924 American Indian citizenship act, it took until 1951 for South Dakota to repeal a 1903 law requiring a culture test for Indians to prove they had abandoned their identity as Indians, their culture, their language, and their homeland in order to vote or hold office.

As late as 1975, authorities prohibited Indians from voting in elections in Todd, Shannon (now Ogala Lakota), and Washabaugh counties, where residents are overwhelmingly Indian. The state also prohibited residents of these counties from holding county office until as recently as 1980.
Arizona's primary mess no surprise to American Indians familiar with history of voter suppression
" - Daily Kos
Sunny Clifford, Oglala Lakota
Relational Violence
Prevent violence; empower Native women!
Connect with me!
Art by Gregg Deal
Knik Chief Nikaly and family near Anchorage, Alaska.

Photographed by H. G. Kaiser, ca. 1910.
Taté Walker (Mniconjou Lakota)
Everyday Feminism
Twitter @MissusTWalker
Instagram & Snapchat
National Indigenous Women's Resource Center
"Your attack on tribal jurisdiction is an attack on MY BODY"
Full transcript