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French Revolution WH 5.06
Transcript of French Revolution WH 5.06
Causes of the French Revolution
The American Revolution had a significant impact on the French people. The French supported the American patriots, donating funds and hoping to permanently weaken the British Empire. This resulted in bankruptcy and the French king demanded more money through new taxes (mainly on the poor).
Also, the American revolutionaries' founding documents, awoke in the French a hopeful yearning for freedom.
Events during the French Revolution
Reign of Terror:
the French Revolution’s period of greatest violence and bloodshed. Anyone to openly disagree with the committee was killed. Tens of thousands of French men, women, and children were decapitated. It began in 1793, and ended 1794 with the execution of Robespierre
Effects of the French Revolution
Napoleon Bonaparte's rise to power was an effect of the Revolution. Napoleon took advantage of a relatively chaotic time in France - a point when nationalism was becoming more and more popular, and the people were needing a leader.
The French Revolution
The Enlightenment influenced the American Revolution by giving the colonists an opportunity to decide to break away from the British rule. Which then, the American Revolution later influenced the the French Revolution as stated above.
The burden of heavy taxes was a major cause of the French Revolution. The burden of taxation mostly fell on the Third Estate, the poorest class of people. By the late 1780s, France was forced to try to solve its revenue problems. Since the king was unlikely to slow down his spending, a solution on taxes had to be made. Of course, the solution was a revolution.
Exectuion of Louis XVI:
The National Convention passed a law imposing the death penalty on anyone who supported the monarchy. Right away, they tried and convicted King Louis XVI for treason against the people. Robespierre declared that, "Louis must die, so that the country may live." The king was beheaded on the guillotine on January 21, 1793
Storming of Bastille:
The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris. The prison only contained seven inmates at the time of its storming but was a symbol of the abuses of the monarchy: its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
Napoleon's rule had a great impact on Europe. He lead to great reforms in the educational and judicial fields in France. He also made France a military powerhouse, which lead to multiple invasions by Napoleon and his army in various other countries of Europe.
The Assembly published the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (August 26, 1789) which stated that the individual and collective rights of the nobility, clergy, and commoners were equal.