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Transcript of Malaysia
Core Value: Maintain Face
Face can be lost by:
- openly criticizing, insulting, or putting someone on the spot;
- doing something that brings shame to the group;
- challenging someone in authority, especially if this is done in public;
- showing anger at another person; refusing a request; not keeping a promise;
- or disagreeing with someone publicly.
Conversely, face can be saved by:
+ remaining calm and courteous;
+ discussing errors or transgressions in private;
+ speaking about problems without blaming anyone;
+ using non-verbal communication to say "no";
+ and allowing the other person to get out of the situation with their pride intact.
DOs & DON'Ts
Handshakes are generally acceptable for both men and women. Exception: in muslim culture, a handshake should only be initiated by ladies.
Call before visiting a home.
Shoes must always be removed when entering a Malaysian home and places of worship such as temples.
Drinks are generally offered to guests. It is polite to accept.
First humans for at least 40-50,000 years
Later immigration waves from southern China and Cambodia (between 20,000 and 5,000 years ago)
Indian traders at about year 300 -> Hinduism and Buddhism
1402 opened a trading port which brought Arabs and Muslim Indians -> Islam
In the Second World War it was occupied by Japan
In August 1957, Malaya was granted independence
Constitution guarantees religious freedom
Christmas, Chinese New Year, Islamic holidays ...
Try and promote religious understanding among the different groups
It is illegal to convert Muslims to other religions.
Institutions of Influence
I will try...
the colour of the husk varies depending on the species
Alcohol separates Muslims from Non-Muslims
Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions
Cedokok: A traditional Malaysian fritter snack that is made with flour and banana, and is fried.
Malaysia is a federation of 13 states operating within a constitutional monarchy using the Westminster parliamentary system and is categorized as a representative democracy.
multilingual public school system
free education for all Malaysians
• Malaysia used to set ethnic quotas (1970) in government-funded universities to ensure that more Bumiputeras had access to higher education.
Public school uniforms are compulsory for all students and standardized nationwide
No knife at the dinning table
Arts & Culture
The offer of food is a critical etiquette requirement
Perdana putra is the official administration office of the Malaysian Government.
Conventional media is so tightly controlled by the government
Drama (Mak Yong)
Puppet shows (Wayang Kulit)
Weddings & Family
DOs & DON'Ts
The right hand is always used when eating with one's hand or giving and receiving objects.
Use the thumb of the right hand with four fingers folded under to point at places, objects or persons instead of the right forefinger.
Toasting is not a common practice in Malaysia.
Bargaining is not only widespread but also organized.
Mosaic of cultures:
Ethnic Malays comprise some 60% of the population. Chinese constitute around 26%; Indians and indigenous peoples make up the rest.
The communities coexist in relative harmony, although there is little racial interaction
Thank you for listening!!!
Race is a significant force in politics
Affirmative actions: the NEW ECONOMIC POLICY and the NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY, were implemented to favor the Bumiputeras (considered the original inhabitants of Malaysia)
Some remarkable facts: the INTERNATIONAL SECURITY ACT allows Detention Without Trial and Death Penalty