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Transcript of HOSA
Social Relationships Living Environment Independence Disease and Disability Disease - Any condition the interferes with the normal function of the body. Disability - A Physical or mental defect or handicap that interferes with normal functions. Key Terms Presented by HOSA: Unit 9 Geriatric Care Changes can cause psychosocial changes. Some find leaving their home beneficial to themselves because they relieve the burden of maintaining their home. Retirement is the end of working for several years. Many individuals are able to enjoy retirement and find other activities to replace job roles. Others become active in voulunteer work or take part in community or club activities. Some elderly individuals may lose social contacts, develop feelings of uselessness, also at times can experience financial difficulties. This may cause them to experience stress and frequently become depressed. As a result, they may find it difficult to cope with life. and their ability to drive and see well Others find the move as a fearful loss of a familiar environment. Conditions such as financial problems or physical disabilities force the elderly from their home and into retirement quarters. If available, some elderly people choose to move in with their son or daughter allowing them to become a caretaker. Long term care facilities often cause stress on the elderly individual. Refered to as "residents" and are allowed to bring their favorite furniture pieces into their living quarters for a comforting environment. And their ability to drive and see well. Throughout life social relationships change. These changes occur more frequently with the elderly.
As a person ages, more friends and relatives die, and social contacts decrease.
Some elderly individuals are able to adjust to these changes by making new friends and estrablishing new social contacts.
Church and community groups provide many social activities for the elderly.
These help the elderly make new friends as they grow older.
Some cannot cope with these changes. They become withdrawn and depressed. They avoid social events and isolate themselves from others. Death of a spouse is frequently devastating to an elderly individual, especially when they are close.
Surviving spouse may even attempt suicide. Psychological help is essential in these cases.
People of all ages usually want to be independent and self sufficient. Physical disability, illness, decreased mental ability, and other factors can lead to a loss of independence in the elderly.
The elderly often find themselves more dependent on assistance as they age.
Physical limitations may prevent them from doing household chores and even from taking care of themselves, leading to frustration and anger.
When providing care to elderly patients, make sure to allow as much independence as possible. Elderly individuals should be given as many choices as possible in order to ensure greater opportunities of independence.
DISEASE IS DEFINED AS ANY CONDITION THAT INTERFERES WITH THE NORMAL FINCTION OF THE BODY. COMMON EXAMPLES INCLUDE DIABETES, HEART DISEASE, EMPHYSEMA, ARTHRITIS, AND OSTEOPOROSIS. •DISABILITY IS DEFINED AS PHYSICAL OR MENTAL DEFECT OR HANDICAP THAT INTERFERES WITH NORMAL FUNCTIONS. COMMON EXAMPLES ARE HEARING IMPAIRMENTS, VISUAL DEFECTS, OR THE INABILITY TO WALK •DISEASES SOMETIMES CAUSE PERMANENT DISABILITIES. •WHEN A DISEASE/DISABILITY OCCUR THE INDIVIDUAL EXPERIENCE PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS, BUT WHEN THIS HAPPENS TO AN ELDERLY INDIVIDUAL ALREADY STRESSED OUT THE RESULTS COULD BE TRAUMATIC. •WHEN DISEASE OR DISABILITY FREQUENTLY OCCURS IT DOES NOT ALLOW FOR GRADUAL ADJUSTMENT AND THE PATIENT LOSES A SENSE OF INDEPENDENCE •SICK PEOPLE OFTEN HAVE FEARS OF DEATH, CHRONIC ILLNESS, LOSS OF FUNCTION, AND PAIN. THESE ARE NORMAIL FEARS AND THE PERSON NEEDS TIME TO ADJUST. •LISTEN TO THEM AS THEY EXPRESS THEMSELVES AND BE UNDERSTANDING, IF THEY CAN’T DISCUSS THEIR FEELINGS PROVIDE SUPPORTIVE CARE. •PSCHOSOCIAL CHANGES CAN BE MAJOR SOURCES OF STRESS IN THE ELDERLY, THEY MUST LEARN TO ACCOMMODATE THE CHANGES. 9:3 Psycholosocial Changes of Aging