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Model United Nations

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by

Jon Szczerba

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of Model United Nations

By Jon Szczerba, Katie Heilman, and JT Engle The United Nations History of the UN The U.N. System Purposes of the UN -The United Nations was created in San Francisco
-Shirley Temple Black was appointed as a U.S. representative to the U.N. in 1969.
-The United Nations has spent about
40 billion USD on peacekeeping
missions between 1948 and 2005.
-Africa is host to most of the peacekeeping missions. Interesting Information and Facts What is it? Why was it created? The League of Nations The UN Charter Universal Declaration of Human Rights Structure and Organization Secretary General Main Bodies of the U.N. General Assembly Economic and Social Council International Court of Justice Who is it? Role Qualifications Security Council Trusteeship Council Secretariat Membership How many members are there today? 193
Member States What does it take to be a member? The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after World War II by 51 countries. It was created by nations committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards, and human rights. The League of Nations was the predecessor to the United Nations. It was created after World War I in and designed to help keep and promote world peace. However, it failed due to the member nations not having the military power to back its decisions. The United Nations Charter is the base treaty signed by the five permanent members of the Security Council (The Republic of China, France, the United States, the Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom). A declaration adopted by the General Assembly that guarantees the rights of every individual everywhere. Ban Ki-moon The Secretary General is a symbol of United Nations ideals and a spokesman for the people of the world. The secretary general is appointed by the General Assembly, on the recommendation from the Security Council. The Security Council's selection is subject to veto from any of the five permanent members. The General Assembly is made up of 193 member states. It is the main policy making and representative body and provides a discussion forum for all international issues. The Economic and Social Council(ECOSOC) is concerned with the worlds economic, social, and environmental challenges. The International Court of Justice is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. It settles legal disputes and provides advisory opinions on legal questions. The Security Council's responsibilities:
-to maintain international peace and security
-to investigate any dispute or situation that might lead to international friction
-to recommend methods of adjusting disputes or the terms of settlement
-to formulate plans for the establishments of a system to regulate arguments
-to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken
-to call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression
-to take military action against an aggressor, to recommend the admission of new Members
-to exercise the trusteeship function of the United Nations in "strategic areas"
-to recommend to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General, and together with the Assembly, to elect Judges of the International Court of Justice. Headed by the Secretary-General, it services the other principal organs of the UN and administers the programs and policies laid down by them. While its a suspended body of the U.N., its purpose when active was to supervise the Trust Territories. http://www.un.org/en/members/index.shtml http://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/about/members.shtml http://www.un.org/sc/members.asp http://www.un.org/en/mainbodies/secretariat/ Membership in the United Nations, according to the U.N. charter, "is open to all peace-loving States that accept the obligations contained in the United Nations Charter and, in the judgement of the Organization, are able to carry out these obligations." http://www.un.org/en/members/about.shtml
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