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Transcript of Transcendentalism
Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller,
Amos Branson Alcott. Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement in the mid 1800s. It focused on the idea that the individual (you) are the most important thing in the universe, and that everyone (and thing) has a piece of God within them. This time was the start of the first major movements against slavery, and the fight for women's rights. They also believed in the system of peaceful non-violent reform of these ideas. Ralph Waldo Emerson Born May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882
Emerson was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet.
led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century Emerson's Important works: Nature- essay written to a belief system that tells a non-traditional appreciation of nature.
Self-Reliance- explained the spirituality of individualism and to avoid conformity and to trust their own instincts. After Transcendentalism This movement influenced people after the movement, as well as modern time individuals: Gandhi Walt Whitman Martin Luther King Jr. Writing Style During this movement, essay writing was a popular way of getting ideas across
Poem writing was popular among certain authors, such as Walt Whitman, whom used free verse.
Free Verse: A form of poetry that does not follow any particular pattern of rhyme. Tone The feeling expressed by writers was strong and intense
The Ideas portrayed in the writing were serious, with a great deal of meaning behind them. Literature Pieces Ralph Waldo Emerson
Self-Reliance Margaret Fuller
Summer on the Lakes
Women in the 19th century Henry David Thoreau
The Land Lord
A Walk to Wachusett History during Transcendentalism Mexican American War (1846 - 1848) During this time The United States believed in the "Manifest Destiny", the belief that America had the God given right to own all the land from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean between Canada and Mexico.
Was a mainly peaceful expansion, except for this war, which was caused by Mexico being unwilling to give up the land America wanted.
Follows a general idea of the movement, because Transcendentalist where very into trying to create a central America, and America that has its own style and ideas. The Californian Gold Rush January 1848: James Wilson Marshall found flakes of gold in the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains near Coloma, California.
Only a Few days later, the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed, ending the Mexican American war.
It didn't take long for the news of gold to spread, and by the end of the year, 100,000 people where in California, searching for gold These ideas where in fact Transcendental, since the rush to California was an every man for himself deal. It also supported the expansion of America. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 One of the Compromises included in the Compromise of 1850
The slave trade was abolished in D.C, California was considered a free state (no slavery), New Mexico and Utah were considered slave territories, and Texa's had its bornders drawn.
Also allowed freed slaves to be returned to their owners.
The Act Encouraged the contintued efforts of the Underground Railroad, a anti slave movement to get slaves safely away from their owners. This Also involves ideas of the Transcendental movement. One thing that many of these writers where against was slavery, and this Act helped these ideas spread. Citations 1) "The History Guy: The U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1848)." The History Guy: The U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1848). N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.historyguy.com/Mexican-American_War.html>.
2) "PAL: American Transcendentalism: ABrief Introduction." PAL: American Transcendentalism: ABrief Introduction. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012. <http://www.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap4/4intro.html>.
3) "Transcendentalism." Transcendentalism. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Sept. 2012 <http://www.transcendentalists.com/transcendentalism.htm>.